|Full name||Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos
(Panathinaikos Athletic Club)
|Nickname(s)||To Trifylli (The Shamrock)
Oi Prasinoi (The Greens)
|Founded||3 February 1908|
|Ground||Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium
|2012–13||Superleague Greece, 6th|
|Website||Club home page|
Panathinaikos Football Club (Greek: Παναθηναϊκός) is a Greek professional football club based in the city of Athens. Founded in 1908, they play in the Super League Greece and are one of the oldest and most successful clubs in Greek football. They have won 20 Greek Championships and 17 Greek Cups.
Panathinaikos is the most successful Greek club in terms of achievements in European competitions. They have reached the European Cup (later changed to UEFA Champions League) final in 1971 and the semi-finals in 1985 and 1996.
Panathinaikos F.C. is the football department of Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (PAO), a multi-sport club. In 1979, the department became professional and independent. They have played their home games in a number of grounds, most significantly the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium – which is considered as their traditional home ground – and the Athens Olympic Stadium.
- 1 History
- 2 Crest and colours
- 3 Stadiums
- 4 Supporters
- 5 Statistics and records
- 6 Honours
- 7 Current squad
- 8 Panathinaikos U-20
- 9 Coaching staff
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Podosferikos Omilos Athinon
According to the official history of the club, Panathinaikos was founded by Giorgos Kalafatis on 3 February 1908, when he and 40 other athletes decided to break away from Panellinios Gymnastikos Syllogos following the club's decision to discontinue its football team. The first name of the new club was Podosferikos Omilos Athinon (POA), the colours of the team were red and white and its home ground was in Patission Street. Oxford University athlete John Cyril Campbell was brought in as coach. It was the first time that a foreigner was appointed as the coach of a Greek team.
Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos
In 1910, after a dispute among a number of board members, Kalafatis with most of the players - also followed by Campbell - decided to pull out of POA and secured a new ground in Amerikis Square. Subsequently, the name of the club changed to Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos (PPO) and its colours to green and white. By 1914, Campbell had returned to England but the club was already at the top of Greek football with players such as Michalis Papazoglou, Michalis Rokkos and Loukas Panourgias.
In 1918, PPO adopted the shamrock as its emblem, as proposed by Michalis Papazoglou. In 1921 and 1922, the Athens-Piraeus FCA organized the first two post-WWI championships, in both of which PPO was declared champion. By that stage, the club had outgrown both the grounds in Patission Street and Amerikis Square, due mainly to its expansion in other sports, and began to look at vacant land in the area of Perivola on Alexandras Avenue as its potential new ground. After long discussions with the Municipality of Athens, an agreement was finally reached and in 1922 Leoforos ("Avenue" in Greek) was granted to the club.
Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos
The move to a permanent home ground also heralded another – final – name change, to Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (PAO), on 15 March 1924. However, the decision was already taken by 1922.
In 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation was founded and the first official Greek Championship took place in 1927. Panathinaikos won the Championship in 1930 under the guidance of Joseph Kinsler with Angelos Messaris as the team's star player. They beat rivals Olympiacos 8–2, a result that still remains the biggest win either team has achieved against its rival.
In 1931, a serious disagreement between leading board member Apostolos Nikolaidis and Messaris, which lasted two years, damaged the club and led to a counterproductive period. In the meantime, the HFF Greek Cup had commenced in 1932. The last bright moment for the Greens before World War II was winning the Cup for the first time in 1940 against Aris (3–1).
Until 1965, Panathinaikos had won 8 Championships (1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965) and 2 Cups (1948, 1955). In 1964, they won the Greek Championship without a loss, with Stjepan Bobek as coach and great players such as Takis Loukanidis and Mimis Domazos. Panathinaikos is the only team that has won the Greek Championship undefeated. Moreover, they were crowned back to back Champions in 1969 and 1970 and won 2 more Greek Cups in 1967 and 1969.
European Cup 1970–71 finalists
In 1971, under the guidance of the legendary Ferenc Puskás Panathinaikos were 1970–71 European Cup finalists, losing 2–0 to Ajax at Wembley Stadium. In the road to the final they eliminated Jeunesse Esch, Slovan Bratislava, Everton and Red Star Belgrade. Antonis Antoniadis was the leading scorer in the tournament scoring 10 goals.
Giorgos Vardinogiannis era
In 1979, Greek football turned professional. The Vardinogiannis family, who are mostly known for their oil refining, oil exploration, media and entertainment enterprises, purchased PAO's football department and Giorgos Vardinogiannis became president. Panathinaikos were one of the first Greek clubs that formed a women's team in 1980 but that department is currently inactive.
The transformation period lasted a few years but in 1982 their first professional era trophy, the Greek Cup, put everything in order and they would go on winning 2 Championships (1984, 1986), 4 more Greek Cups (1984, 1986, 1988, 1989) and the Greek Super Cup in 1988.
European Cup 1984–85 semi-finalists
In the 1984–85 season, Panathinaikos with coach Jacek Gmoch and big stars Dimitris Saravakos and Velimir Zajec made an impressive run in Europe, eliminating Feyenoord, Linfield and Göteborg to reach the semi-finals of the European Cup. In 1987–88, they made it to the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup, eliminating Juventus, Auxerre and Budapest Honvéd.
The 1990s were an even more successful period for the club, both nationally and internationally. 4 Greek Championships (1990, 1991, 1995, 1996), 4 Greek Cups (1991, 1993, 1994, 1995) and 2 Greek Super Cups (1993, 1994) were awarded to the club.
In the 1991–92 season, the Greens reached the last 8 of the European Cup and took part in the first ever European tournament to have a group stage.
Champions League 1995–96 semi-finalists
In 1995–96, with Juan Ramon Rocha as coach and key players Krzysztof Warzycha and Juan Jose Borrelli, Panathinaikos reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League where they faced Ajax, recording a surprising 0–1 first leg away victory. However, they suffered a crushing 0–3 defeat on the second leg and were thus denied entry to the final once more. A long dry spell commenced after that year's European campaign.
2000 and beyond
In the summer of 2000, president Giorgos Vardinogiannis resigned from his duties and passed his shares to his nephew Giannis Vardinogiannis, who changed the style of the club's management.
With the arrival of coach Sergio Markarian, Panathinaikos reached the quarter-finals of the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League, being eliminated by Barcelona. In the 2002–03 season, they lost the Championship in the last two games by arch-rivals Olympiacos. In Europe, the Greens were eliminated in the UEFA Cup quarter-finals by eventual winners Porto.
With Itzhak Shum as new coach, Panathinaikos managed to win the Double in 2004 after almost ten years. New players like Ezequiel González, Lucian Sanmartean and Markus Münch were signed the summer before. However, Shum was unexpectedly fired early in the next season. Zdeněk Ščasný succeeded him on the bench.
In 2005, major changes were made in the team's roster. Many stars like Angelos Basinas and Michalis Konstantinou departed, while others like Flávio Conceição and Igor Biscan arrived. Ščasný gave his seat to Alberto Malesani. At the start of the 2006–07 season, Malesani left the team and he was replaced by the lackluster Hans Backe, who left only three months after his appointment. Víctor Muñoz then came. For the 2007–08 season, Panathinaikos hired José Peseiro.
On 22 April 2008, main shareholder Giannis Vardinogiannis gave a press conference in which he announced the decision of his family to reduce their share in the club to 50% – after 30 years of full ownership – through a €80 million increase of the company's capital stock. After the negotiations and the share capital increase, the Vardinogiannis family would hold 56% of the club, Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos 10% and the other shareholders 34%.
Following the major changes in 2008, Panathinaikos hired Henk ten Cate as coach and bought many expensive players such as Gilberto Silva from Arsenal and Gabriel from Fluminense. In the 2008–09 season, the Greens proved that they could hold their weight in the Champions League by reaching the last 16. However, they disappointed in the Greek Championship finishing 3rd in the regular season, though they managed to come 2nd overall after the playoff mini-league.
The 2009–10 season was successful for Panathinaikos. During the summer transfer period the club bought Djibril Cissé from Marseille, Kostas Katsouranis from Benfica, Sebastian Leto from Liverpool and various other players spending more than €35 million. Henk ten Cate left in December to be replaced by Nikos Nioplias. The team managed to enter the last 16 of the Europa League and win both the Greek Championship and the Greek Cup – beating Aris in the final on 24 April.
In the summer of 2010, Panathinaikos signed Jean-Alain Boumsong and Sidney Govou from Lyon as well as Luis García, Damien Plessis and goalkeeper Daniel Fernandes. The fans showed their support by rocketing their own previous record of 26,002 season tickets to 30,091. However, due to bad performances Panathinaikos didn't manage to protect their title and they were knocked out from the Group Stage of Champions League.
In 2011, due to financial problems, Panathinaikos sold Djibril Cissé for 5,800,000€ to S.S. Lazio and first-choice goalkeeper Alexandros Tzorvas to Palermo in order to reduce the budget. New players came like Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, Toche, Vitolo and Zeca. The club also changed their president and chose Dimitris Gontikas to be the new chairman. Panathinaikos failed to qualify to the Group Stage of Champions League as they were knocked out by Odense BK (4–5 on aggregate). On 5 September 2011, Giannis Vardinogiannis announced that he intended to leave the club.
Panathinaikos' downfall continued as a result of the serious riots in the Panathinaikos-Olympiacos derby of 18 March 2012. The entire Board quit and Panathinaikos remained headless for about 2 months. The owner of Skai TV, Giannis Alafouzos, however devised a plan to take Vardinogiannis' shares (54.7%) and make them available to fans around Greece so that everyone could contribute a desired amount, so that Panathinaikos could overcome the crisis. His plan seemed to be working as a new 20-member board was elected with Dimitris Gontikas at the president's chair again, however it was yet to be seen how the fans would respond to Panathinaikos' call for help.
On 2 July 2012, the Panathinaiki Symmahia (Greek: Παναθηναϊκή Συμμαχία) - or Panathenian Alliance, as one would say it in English - finally opened to the public so that everyone could contribute a desired amount in return for some privileges, such as cheaper prices on the season tickets - provided that one contributed at least 175€. If one contributed 20€, they would have a 10% discount at the Panathinaikos F.C. stores. After a few weeks of operation, 3,531 members had signed up, some of which were current or former Panathinaikos players (Boumsong, Ninis, Gilberto Silva, Cisse). These 3,531 members had in total contributed 1,833,465€ till then.
The 18 July 2012 marked a historical day in Panathinaikos history, as Giannis Vardinogiannis gave his shares - 54.7% of Panathinaikos F.C. - to the Panathenian Alliance, thereby allowing Panathinaikos to have a fresh start, with their own fans at the steering wheel.
The first season with the Panathenian Alliance at the helm was nothing short of abysmal for the club. While still enduring financial troubles, Panathinaikos finished 6th in the championship and failed to qualify for the European competitions for the first time in 16 years.
Crest and colours
The colours that were first used by the club in 1908 were red and white but changed to green and white in 1911. In 1918, player Michalis Papazoglou proposed that the club adopt the shamrock as its emblem. He used to have it sewn on his shirt since he was competing for a club in his native Chalcedon, Constantinople. Papazoglou was possibly inspired by William Sherring, an Irish Canadian athlete who had won the Athens 1906 Olympic Marathon wearing a white shirt with a big green shamrock on it.
The team's jersey colours are green and white, although the white sometimes is omitted, used as trim or as an alternative. During the first years after the establishment of green as Panathinaikos' primary colour, players were wearing green shirts, white shorts and green socks. Since then, the uniform style has changed many times but green has always remained the team's primary colour.
Panathinaikos' original home ground since the early 1920s was the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium in the Ampelokipoi district in central Athens. The stadium is located on Alexandras Avenue and is most commonly referred to as Leoforos (i.e. Avenue). It is considered one of the most historic stadiums in Greece, as it was used by the Greek national football team as home ground for many years (most recently for the UEFA Euro 2004 qualifying matches) and even by Panathinaikos' biggest rivals, AEK (for the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League matches) and Olympiacos (for friendly matches).
Panathinaikos left Leoforos in 1983 to play in the newly built Athens Olympic Stadium. In 2000, the then club president Angelos Filippidis announced a return to Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium, following a €7 million renovation. Capacity was reduced from 25,000 to 16,620, new dressing rooms were built and modular stand roofing was added in compliance with UEFA requirements, but in 2004 stricter standards were announced and the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium would need further expansion were it to remain suitable for UEFA-sanctioned matches. This was precluded by local zoning regulations and the team had to return to Athens Olympic Stadium once more until a new stadium, the proposed Votanikos Arena, is built. The Leoforos ground is due for demolition in the near future and will become a park. A small section of the west curve spectator stands, the legendary Gate 13, will be retained and house a small Panathinaikos museum.
On 27 January 2007, the board of Panathinaikos decided to reuse Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium for the team's 2007–08 Greek Super League and UEFA Cup home games. Also, the club officials decided to install new lawn, new seats and upgrade the press conference room and the restrooms.
As of October 2013 and due to the club's and the country's financial troubles, the construction of the Votanikos Arena has stopped and consequently the plans for the demolition of Apostolos Nikolaidis have been put on hold.
|Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium||16,003||1923–1984,1988–1989,
|Athens Olympic Stadium||69,618||1984–1988,1989–2000,
According to the most recent polls, Panathinaikos is the 2nd most popular football club in Greece, with nearly 30,2% of the population supporting them.They have a large fanbase in all Greek prefectures (especially in greater Athens area, Central Greece, Peloponesse,Epirus, Thessaly, Thrace and Crete), in Cyprus and in the Greek diaspora. Their main rivals are fellow greater Athens side Olympiacos (36%)while AEK Athens and PAOK they share 13% of the fans.
The main organized supporters of Panathinaikos are known as Gate 13 or (est. 1966), which is consisted of around 80 clubs alongside Greece and Cyprus. Gate 13 style of supporting includes the use of green fireworks, large and small green flags, displaying of banners and especially the creation of colorful and large choreographys, noisy and constant cheering and other supporters stuff. Gate 13 has over the years become a part of the club by affecting club decisions and by following the club on all occasions. They share close relations with Ultras Rapid Wien.
Statistics and records
Mimis Domazos holds the record for Panathinaikos F.C. appearances, having played 502 first-team matches between 1959 and 1980. Striker Krzysztof Warzycha comes second, having played 390 times. The record for a goalkeeper is held by Takis Ikonomopoulos, with 303 appearances.
Panathinaikos record home attendance is 74.493, for a Greek League match against AEK F.C. in 1986 at the Olympic Stadium. The record attendance for a Panathinaikos match at the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium is from 1967 when 29.665 spectators watched the Cup Winners Cup game between Panathinaikos and FC Bayern Munich.
Panathinaikos holds both the records for most season tickets and the biggest average attendance in Greece. In 2010-11 Panathinaikos sold 30.091 season tickets and in 1985-86 the average attendance was 44.942 tickets per game.
- Greek Championship: (20) 
- Greek Cup: (17) 
- Greater Greece Cup: (1)
- SEGAS Championship: (4) 
- 1909, 1911, 1912, 1915 (as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon and Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
- FCA Championship: (2)
- 1921, 1922 (as Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
- Athens FCA Championship: (17) 
- 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1937, 1939, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959
- UEFA Champions League:
- Greek Amateur Cup1: (2)
- 1994, 1995
- Athens Cup1: (2)
- 1993, 1994
- Greek U-21 Championship: (2)
- 2005, 2012
- Greek U-18 Championship: (1)
1Competitions for amateur footballers, won by Panathinaikos' U-21 team (or Panathinaikos Amateurs, as it was called at that time).
- As of 31 August 2013 
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Head Coach||Giannis Anastasiou|
|Assistant Coach||Steve Rutter|
|Assistant Coach||Giannis Vonortas|
|Fitness Coach||Youssef Vos|
|Goalkeepers Coach||Panagiotis Agriogiannis|
Last updated: May 2013
|Chief Executive||Stratos Sopilis|
|1st Vice-President||Vasilis Konstantinou|
|2nd Vice-President||Christos Panagopoulos|
|Director of Football||Dimitris Saravakos|
|Technical Director||Nikos Dabizas|
|Youth Academy Technical Director||Giannis Samaras|
- , Έλαβον: ΟΣΦΠ 39%, ΠΑΟ 30%, ΑΕΚ 15%, ΠΑΟΚ 11%, Άρης 5%. Ύστερα από 15ετή έρευνα δύο πανεπιστημιακοί στο βιβλίο τους καταγράφουν την ιστορία και γεωγραφία του ελληνικού ποδοσφαίρου, 30/06/2009, ΤΑ ΝΕΑ – tanea.gr (in Greek)
- , Πιο πολλοί είναι οι Ολυμπιακοί!, 26/06/2012 sportdog από έρευνα του ΣΚΑΙ (in Greek)
- , το 36% (2.016.000) δηλώνουν Ολυμπιακοί, το 30% (1.680.000) Παναθηναϊκοί, Έρευνα της Focus, Οκτώβριος 2005 –Φεβρουάριος 2006, SPORT24, επίσημο blog του sport24 και του αθλητικού συντάκτη Στέλιου Μαρκάκη (in Greek)
- , Περισσότερους φιλάθλους η Μπαρτσελόνα, πρώτη ελληνική ομάδα ο Ολυμπιακός (in Greek)
- , Περισσότερους οπαδούς ο Ολυμπιακός. Σε πρόσφατη έρευνα σχετικά με τους περισσότερους οπαδούς, ο ΟΣΦΠ είναι 1ος, 30/06/2009 SPORT24, 15ετής έρευνα του Παντελή Κυπριανού (in Greek)
- , Αυτοί είναι οι οπαδοί στην Ελλάδα – Ο Ολυμπιακός έχει τους περισσότερους φιλάθλους στην Ελλάδα, 26/06/2012 Gazzetta (in Greek)
- , H πιο πρόσφατη... «απογραφή»: 36% Oλυμπιακοί (1,677 εκατομμύρια), 30,2% Παναθηναϊκοί, Sentragoal, Βαγγέλης Μπραουδάκης (in Greek)
- "Greece Eternal Thespians". Fifa.com.
- "Fans secure ownership of Panathinaikos". Soccerex. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "History". pao.gr. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "103 χρόνια από την ίδρυση του Παναθηναϊκού (At this day, Panathinaikos was founded 103 years ago)". To Vima (in Greek). 3 February 2011.
- Kyriazis, Christos (4 February 2008). "The Golden Age of PAO". Ethnosport (in Greek) (Pegasus Publishing S.A.). Retrieved 28 March 2008.
- Alexopoulos, Ilias (3 January 2008). "Our best moments...". Athlitikι (in Greek). Archived from the original on 5 October 2009.
- "Intercontinental Cup 1971". Fifa.com.
- "Balkan Cup 1970-79". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- "Cissé signing adds to Lazio's attacking options". uefa.com. 12 July 2011.
- Skokas, Giannis (26 August 2011). ""Σικελός" ο διεθνής γκολκίπερ Αλέξης Τζόρβας (Alexis Tzorvas a "Sicilian")" (in Greek). To Vima.
- ""Εξαντλήσαμε τα περιθώρια", είπε ο Γόντικας για την ομαδική παραίτηση ("No tolerance anymore" said Gontikas after mass resignation)" (in Greek). Athens: In.gr. 23 March 2012.
- "Ετοιμο το πλάνο Αλαφούζου που "δεν έχει πολυτέλεια για διχόνοιες" (Alafouzos' plan is ready)" (in Greek). Athens: In.gr. 30 April 2012.
- ""Έχουμε πολλά θέματα και λίγο χρόνο" δήλωσε ο Γόντικας (Gontikas: "We have many issues and little time")" (in Greek). Athens: In.gr. 9 May 2012.
- "1908–1920" (in Greek). leoforos.gr. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "Trifylli" (in Greek). pao.gr.
- "Συμπλήρωσε 105 χρόνια ζωής ο Παναθηναϊκός" (in Greek). sport.gr.
- "Αποθέωση του Τριφυλλιού στο «Στάδιο», δύο χρόνια πριν την ίδρυση του Παναθηναϊκού" (in Greek). greenzone.gr.
- "Ο "στρατηγός" του Παναθηναϊκού και της Εθνικής" (in Greek). sport-fm.gr.
- "Οι κορυφαίοι σε συμμετοχές" (in Greek). express.gr.
- "Συμμετοχές" (in Greek). sentragoal.gr.
- "Βαζέχα: η πράσινη σημαία" (in Greek). contra.gr.
- "Τα ρεκόρ του Βαζέχα" (in Greek). sday.gr.
- "Τα ρεκόρ εισιτηρίων σε ένα αγώνα" (in Greek). otenet.gr.
- "Γήπεδο Λεωφόρου Αλεξάνδρας" (in Greek). leoforos.gr.
- "Τα χρόνια της "πράσινης" υπεροχής 1960–1970" (in Greek). pao.gr.
- "Οι Πρωταθλητές Ελλάδας από το 1928 μέχρι σήμερα" (in Greek). Hellenic Football Federation epo.gr.
- Kárpáti, Tamás; Schöggl, Hans. "List of Greece championships". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos F.C. trophies". pao.gr. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos FC profile". uefa.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Greece – List of Cup Winners". rsssf.com.
- "Οι «χαμένοι» τίτλοι του Παναθηναϊκού" (in Greek). gazzetta.gr.
- Mastrogiannopoulos, Alexander. "Greek final tables 1906–1960". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Cruyff pulls the strings". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).
- "Panathinaikos F.C. squad". pao.gr. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Panathinaikos Under 20". pao.gr. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Panathinaikos FC.|
- Panathinaikos F.C. – official website (in Greek & English)
- Panathinaikos Youth Academy (in Greek)
- Το έπος του Γουέμπλεϊ (in Greek)
- Παναθηναϊκός - Ολυμπιακός 8-2 (in Greek)
- Γιώργος Καλαφάτης - Ο ιδρυτής του Παναθηναϊκού (in Greek)