|Full name||Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos|
|Nickname(s)||To Trifylli (The Shamrock)
Oi Prasinoi (The Greens)
|Founded||3 February 1908as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon|
|Ground||Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium|
|2013–14||Superleague Greece, 2nd|
|Website||Club home page|
|Active departments of Panathinaikos|
|Football||Basketball (Men's)||Basketball (Women's)|
|Volleyball (Men's)||Volleyball (Women's)||Water Polo|
|Field Hockey||The Club|
Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (Greek: Παναθηναϊκός Αθλητικός Όμιλος, "Panathenaic Athletic Club") is a Greek professional football club based in the City of Athens. Panathinaikos can literally be translated as "Panathenaic", which means "of all Athens". Founded in 1908, they play in the Super League Greece and are one of the oldest and most successful clubs in Greek football. They have won 20 Greek Championships and 18 Greek Cups.
Panathinaikos is the most successful Greek club in terms of achievements in European competitions. It is the only Greek team that has reached the European Cup (later changed to UEFA Champions League) final in 1971, and also the semi-finals twice, in 1985 and 1996.
Panathinaikos F.C. is the football department of Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (PAO), a multi-sport club. In 1979, the department became professional and independent. They have played their home games in the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium – which is considered as their traditional home ground – and the Athens Olympic Stadium.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Podosferikos Omilos Athinon
- 1.2 Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos
- 1.3 Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos
- 1.4 European Cup 1970–71 finalists
- 1.5 Giorgos Vardinogiannis era
- 1.6 European Cup 1984–85 semi-finalists
- 1.7 Champions League 1995–96 semi-finalists
- 1.8 2000 and beyond
- 1.9 Panathinaikos Alliance
- 2 Crest and colours
- 3 Stadiums
- 4 Supporters
- 5 Statistics and records
- 6 Honours
- 7 Current squad
- 8 Former players
- 9 Personnel
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Podosferikos Omilos Athinon
|“||In 1908 we decided the foundation of "Football Club of Athens". [...] We were indeed the best Greek footballers of the era.||”|
—Giorgos Kalafatis (1958)
According to the official history of the club, Panathinaikos was founded by Giorgos Kalafatis on 3 February 1908, when he and 40 other athletes decided to break away from Panellinios Gymnastikos Syllogos following the club's decision to discontinue its football team. The first name of the new club was Podosferikos Omilos Athinon (POA) - i.e. "Football Club of Athens". The colours of the team were red and white and its home ground was in Patission Street. Oxford University athlete John Cyril Campbell was brought in as coach. It was the first time that a foreigner was appointed as the coach of a Greek team.
Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos
In 1910, after a dispute among a number of board members, Kalafatis with most of the players - also followed by Campbell - decided to pull out of POA and secured a new ground in Amerikis Square. Subsequently, the name of the club changed to Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos (PPO) - i.e. "Panhellenic Football Club" - and its colours to green and white. By 1914, Campbell had returned to England but the club was already at the top of Greek football with players such as Michalis Papazoglou, Michalis Rokkos and Loukas Panourgias.
In 1918, PPO adopted the shamrock as its emblem, as proposed by Michalis Papazoglou. In 1921 and 1922, the Athens-Piraeus FCA organized the first two post-WWI championships, in both of which PPO was declared champion. By that stage, the club had outgrown both the grounds in Patission Street and Amerikis Square, due mainly to its expansion in other sports, and began to look at vacant land in the area of Perivola on Alexandras Avenue as its potential new ground. After long discussions with the Municipality of Athens, an agreement was finally reached and in 1922 Leoforos ("Avenue" in Greek) was granted to the club.
Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos
The move to a permanent home ground also heralded another – final – name change, to Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (PAO), on 15 March 1924. However, the decision was already taken by 1922.
In 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation was founded and the first Greek Championship under its authority took place in 1927. Panathinaikos won the Championship in 1930 under the guidance of József Künsztler with Angelos Messaris as the team's star player. Other notable players of the era were Antonis Migiakis, Diomidis Symeonidis and Mimis Pierrakos. They beat rivals Olympiacos 8–2, a result that still remains the biggest win either team has achieved against its rival.
In 1931, a serious disagreement between leading board member Apostolos Nikolaidis and Messaris, which lasted two years, damaged the club and led to a counterproductive period. In the meantime, the HFF Greek Cup had commenced in 1932. The last bright moment for the Greens before World War II was winning the Cup for the first time in 1940 against Aris (3–1).
Until 1965, Panathinaikos had won 8 Championships (1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965) and 2 Cups (1948, 1955). In 1964, they won the Greek Championship without a loss, with Stjepan Bobek as coach and great players such as Takis Loukanidis and Mimis Domazos. Panathinaikos is the only team that has won the Greek Championship undefeated. Moreover, they were crowned back to back Champions in 1969 and 1970 and won 2 more Greek Cups in 1967 and 1969.
European Cup 1970–71 finalists
In 1971, under the guidance of the legendary Ferenc Puskás Panathinaikos were 1970–71 European Cup finalists, losing 2–0 to Ajax at Wembley Stadium. In the road to the final they eliminated Jeunesse Esch, Slovan Bratislava, Everton and Red Star Belgrade. Notable players included the legendary captain Mimis Domazos, Anthimos Kapsis, Aristidis Kamaras, Kostas Eleftherakis, Totis Filakouris and the goalkeepers Takis Ikonomopoulos and Vasilis Konstantinou. Antonis Antoniadis was the top scorer in the tournament scoring 10 goals.
Giorgos Vardinogiannis era
In 1979, Greek football turned professional. The Vardinogiannis family, who are mostly known for their oil refining, oil exploration, media and entertainment enterprises, purchased PAO's football department and Giorgos Vardinogiannis became president. Panathinaikos were one of the first Greek clubs that formed a women's team in 1980 but that department is currently inactive.
The transformation period lasted a few years but in 1982 their first professional era trophy, the Greek Cup, put everything in order and they would go on winning 2 Championships (1984, 1986), 4 more Greek Cups (1984, 1986, 1988, 1989) and the Greek Super Cup in 1988.
European Cup 1984–85 semi-finalists
In the 1984–85 season, Panathinaikos with coach Jacek Gmoch and big stars Dimitris Saravakos, Velimir Zajec and Juan Ramón Rocha made an impressive run in Europe, eliminating Feyenoord, Linfield and Göteborg to reach the semi-finals of the European Cup. In 1987–88, they made it to the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup, eliminating Juventus, Auxerre and Budapest Honvéd.
The 1990s were an even more successful period for the club, both nationally and internationally. 4 Greek Championships (1990, 1991, 1995, 1996), 4 Greek Cups (1991, 1993, 1994, 1995) and 2 Greek Super Cups (1993, 1994) were awarded to the club.
In the 1991–92 season, the Greens reached the last 8 of the European Cup and took part in the first ever European tournament to have a group stage.
Champions League 1995–96 semi-finalists
In 1995–96, with Juan Ramon Rocha as coach and key players Krzysztof Warzycha and Juan Jose Borrelli, Panathinaikos reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League where they faced Ajax, recording a surprising 0–1 first leg away victory. However, they suffered a crushing 0–3 defeat on the second leg and were thus denied entry to the final once more. A long dry spell commenced after that year's European campaign.
2000 and beyond
In the summer of 2000, president Giorgos Vardinogiannis resigned from his duties and passed his shares to his nephew Giannis Vardinogiannis, who changed the style of the club's management.
With the arrival of coach Sergio Markarian, Panathinaikos reached the quarter-finals of the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League, being eliminated by Barcelona. In the 2002–03 season, they lost the Championship in the last two games by arch-rivals Olympiacos. In Europe, the Greens were eliminated in the UEFA Cup quarter-finals by eventual winners Porto. Notable palyers of this team included Takis Fyssas, Giorgos Karagounis, Antonis Nikopolidis, Angelos Basinas, Nikos Lyberopoulos, Michalis Konstantinou, Giourkas Seitaridis, Paulo Sousa, Goran Vlaovic, Rene Henriksen and Emmanuel Olisadebe.
With Itzhak Shum as new coach, Panathinaikos managed to win the Double in 2004 after almost ten years. New players like Ezequiel González, Lucian Sanmartean and Markus Münch were signed the summer before. However, Shum was unexpectedly fired early in the next season. Zdeněk Ščasný succeeded him on the bench.
In 2005, major changes were made in the team's roster. Many stars like Angelos Basinas and Michalis Konstantinou departed, while others like Flávio Conceição and Igor Biscan arrived. Ščasný gave his seat to Alberto Malesani. At the start of the 2006–07 season, Malesani left the team and he was replaced by the lackluster Hans Backe, who left only three months after his appointment. Víctor Muñoz then came. For the 2007–08 season, Panathinaikos hired José Peseiro.
On 22 April 2008, main shareholder Giannis Vardinogiannis gave a press conference in which he announced the decision of his family to reduce their share in the club to 50% – after 30 years of full ownership – through a €80 million increase of the company's capital stock. After the negotiations and the share capital increase, the Vardinogiannis family would hold 56% of the club, Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos 10% and the other shareholders 34% (with main investors Andreas Vgenopoulos, Pavlos Giannakopoulos, Adamantios Polemis and Nikos Pateras).
Following the major changes in 2008, Panathinaikos hired Henk ten Cate as coach and bought many expensive players such as Gilberto Silva from Arsenal and Gabriel from Fluminense. In the 2008–09 season, the Greens proved that they could hold their weight in the Champions League by reaching the last 16. However, they disappointed in the Greek Championship finishing 3rd in the regular season, though they managed to come 2nd overall after the playoff mini-league.
The 2009–10 season was successful for Panathinaikos. During the summer transfer period the club bought Djibril Cissé from Marseille, Kostas Katsouranis from Benfica, Sebastian Leto from Liverpool and various other players spending more than €35 million. Henk ten Cate left in December to be replaced by Nikos Nioplias. The team managed to enter the last 16 of the Europa League and win both the Greek Championship and the Greek Cup – beating Aris in the final on 24 April.
In the summer of 2010, Panathinaikos signed Jean-Alain Boumsong and Sidney Govou from Lyon as well as Luis García, Damien Plessis and goalkeeper Daniel Fernandes. The fans showed their support by rocketing their own previous record of 26,002 season tickets to 30,091. However, due to bad performances Panathinaikos didn't manage to protect their title and they were knocked out from the Group Stage of Champions League.
In 2011, due to financial problems, Panathinaikos sold Djibril Cissé for €5,800,000 to S.S. Lazio and first-choice goalkeeper Alexandros Tzorvas to Palermo in order to reduce the budget. New players came like Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, Toche, Vitolo and Zeca. The club also changed their president and chose Dimitris Gontikas to be the new chairman. Panathinaikos failed to qualify to the Group Stage of Champions League as they were knocked out by Odense BK (4–5 on aggregate). On 5 September 2011, Giannis Vardinogiannis announced that he intended to leave the club.
Panathinaikos' downfall continued as a result of the serious riots in the Panathinaikos-Olympiacos derby of 18 March 2012. The entire Board quit and Panathinaikos remained headless for about 2 months. The owner of Skai TV, Giannis Alafouzos, however devised a plan to take Vardinogiannis' shares (54.7%) and make them available to fans around Greece so that everyone could contribute a desired amount, so that Panathinaikos could overcome the crisis. His plan seemed to be working as a new 20-member board was elected with Dimitris Gontikas at the president's chair again, however it was yet to be seen how the fans would respond to Panathinaikos' call for help.
On 2 July 2012, the Panathinaikos Alliance finally opened to the public so that everyone could contribute a desired amount in return for some privileges, such as cheaper prices on the season tickets - provided that one contributed at least €175. If one contributed €20, they would have a 10% discount at the Panathinaikos F.C. stores. After a few weeks of operation, 8,606 members had signed up, some of which were current or former Panathinaikos players (Boumsong, Ninis, Gilberto Silva, Cisse). The total contribution reached €2.325.608.
The 18 July 2012 marked a historical day in Panathinaikos history, as Giannis Vardinogiannis gave his shares - 54.7% of Panathinaikos F.C. - to the Panathinaikos Alliance, thereby allowing Panathinaikos to have a fresh start, with their own fans at the steering wheel.
The first season with the Panathinaikos Alliance at the helm was nothing short of abysmal for the club. While still enduring financial troubles, Panathinaikos finished 6th in the championship and failed to qualify for the European competitions for the first time in 16 years.
For the 2013-14 season the membership had risen up to 9.305 members contributing a total of €2.580.836.
Starting the 2013-2014 season both fans and journalists were very skeptical of Panathinaikos' chances of a successful season and a lot of people expected the team to get relegated. In May 2013 Yannis Anastasiou was appointed manager. Anastasiou planned a team based on players from the Panathinaikos youth department joined by experienced foreign players looking to revive their careers. Despite the early skepticism Panathinaikos' fans supported the team through the rough start and the season turned out to be a massive success considering the dire financial situation of the club and the young and inexperienced squad. Panathinaikos finished 4th in the regular season and 2nd after the playoffs (meaning they qualified for the Champions League), with Marcus Berg first scorer of the team. Panathinaikos also won the Greek Cup after a 4-1 win over PAOK.
Crest and colours
The colours that were first used by the club in 1908 were red and white. In 1911, changed to green and white. In 1918, Michalis Papazoglou proposed the shamrock as emblem of Panathinaikos, symbol of harmony and good luck. He used to have it sewn on his shirt since he was competing for a club in his native Chalcedon, Constantinople. Papazoglou was possibly inspired by Billy Sherring, an Irish Canadian athlete who had won the Athens 1906 Olympic marathon wearing a white outfit with a big green shamrock on the chest.
The team's jersey colours are green and white (green for health, nature and hope and white for virtue), although the white sometimes is omitted, used as trim or as an alternative. During the first years after the establishment of green as Panathinaikos' primary colour, players were wearing green shirts, white shorts and green socks. During the '30s, the appearance with the characteristic horizontal strips was established. This motive was used also in the next decades as primary or second choice. Since then, the uniform style has changed many times but green has always remained the team's primary colour.
Also, during the '70s, a shade of blue was chosen as a second choice for the team. The same colour was used again as secondary since then.
Panathinaikos' traditional home ground since the early 1920s is the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium in the Ampelokipoi district of central Athens. The stadium is located on Alexandras Avenue and is most commonly referred to as Leoforos (i.e. Avenue). It is considered one of the most historic stadiums in Greece, as it was used by the Greek national football team as home ground for many years (most recently for the UEFA Euro 2004 qualifying matches) and even by Panathinaikos' biggest rivals, AEK and Olympiacos, on various occasions.
Panathinaikos left Leoforos in 1984 to play in the newly built Athens Olympic Stadium. In 2000, then club president Angelos Filippidis announced a return to the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium, following a €7 million renovation. Capacity was reduced from 25,000 to 16,620, new dressing rooms were built and modular stand roofing was added in compliance with UEFA requirements, but in 2004 stricter standards were announced and the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium would need further expansion were it to remain suitable for UEFA-sanctioned matches. This was precluded by local zoning regulations and the team had to return to the Olympic Stadium once more until a new stadium, the proposed Votanikos Arena, was built. The Leoforos ground was due for demolition and would become a park. A small section of the west curve spectator stands, the legendary Gate 13, would be retained and house a small Panathinaikos museum.
On 27 January 2007, the board of Panathinaikos decided to reuse the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium for the team's 2007–08 Greek Super League and UEFA Cup home games. Also, the club officials decided to install new lawn, new seats and upgrade the press conference room and the restrooms.
As of October 2013 and due to the club's and the country's financial troubles, the construction of the Votanikos Arena has stopped and consequently the plans for the demolition of the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium have been put on hold. After another five-year spell at the Olympic Stadium, the team has returned to its traditional home ground once again.
|Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium||16,003||1923–1984
|Athens Olympic Stadium||69,618||1984–1988
According to the most recent polls, Panathinaikos is the 2nd most popular football club in Greece, with nearly 30,2% of the population supporting them. They have a large fanbase in all Greek prefectures (especially in greater Athens area, Central Greece, Peloponesse, Epirus, Thessaly, Thrace and Crete), in Cyprus and in the Greek diaspora. Their main rivals are fellow greater Athens side Olympiacos (36%) while AEK Athens and PAOK share 13% of the fans.
Panathinaikos supporters hold both records of the most season tickets sales ( 31.091 in 2010) and highest average attendance for a unique season ( 44.942, 1985-86 season) in the history of Greek football.
The main organized supporters of Panathinaikos are known as Gate 13 (est. 1966), which consists of around 80 clubs alongside Greece and Cyprus. Gate 13 style of supporting includes the use of green fireworks, large and small green flags, displaying of banners and especially the creation of colorful and large choreographies, noisy and constant cheering and other supporters stuff. Gate 13 has over the years become a part of the club by affecting club decisions and by following the club on all occasions. They share close relations with Ultras Rapid Wien.
Statistics and records
Mimis Domazos holds the record for Panathinaikos F.C. appearances, having played 502 first-team matches between 1959 and 1980. Striker Krzysztof Warzycha comes second, having played 390 times. The record for a goalkeeper is held by Takis Ikonomopoulos, with 303 appearances.
Panathinaikos record home attendance is 74.493, for a Greek League match against AEK F.C. in 1986 at the Olympic Stadium. The record attendance for a Panathinaikos match at the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium is from 1967 when 29.665 spectators watched the Cup Winners Cup game between Panathinaikos and FC Bayern Munich.
League top scorers
Most league appearances
- Super League Greece: (20) 
- Greek Cup: (18) 
- SEGAS Greek Championship: (4) 
- 1909, 1911, 1912, 1915 (as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon and Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
- SEGAS Greek Cup: (2) (record)
- 1908, 1918 (as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon and Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
- FCA Greek Championship: (2) (record)
- 1921, 1922 (as Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
- Athens FCA Championship: (17) 
- 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1937, 1939, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959
- Greater Greece Cup: (1)
- UEFA Champions League:
- Greek Amateur Cup1: (2)
- 1994, 1995
- Athens Cup1: (2)
- 1993, 1994
- Greek U-21 Championship: (2)
- 2005, 2012
- Greek U-18 Championship: (1)
1Competitions for amateur footballers, won by Panathinaikos' U-21 team (or Panathinaikos Amateurs, as it was called at that time).
- As of 9 September 2014 
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- 13 – Gate 13, 1966-Presents
|Honorary President||Achileas Makropoulos|
|1st Vice-President||Stratos Sopilis|
|2nd Vice-President||Vasilis Konstantinou|
|Sports Director||Dimitris Saravakos|
|Director of Football||Takis Fyssas|
|Technical Director||Leonidas Vokolos|
|Head Coach||Giannis Anastasiou|
|Assistant Coach||Steve Rutter|
|Assistant Coach||Giannis Vonortas|
|Fitness Coach||Youssef Vos|
|Goalkeepers Coach||Panagiotis Agriogiannis|
|Academies Director||Henk Herder|
|Youth Academy Technical Director||Giannis Samaras|
|Head doctor||Nikos Tzouroudis|
|Medical team||Vasilios Oikonomidis|
|Medical team||Konstantinos Deftereos|
|Medical team||Michael Papamichail|
|Scout||Juan Ramón Rocha|
- , Έλαβον: ΟΣΦΠ 39%, ΠΑΟ 30%, ΑΕΚ 15%, ΠΑΟΚ 11%, Άρης 5%. Ύστερα από 15ετή έρευνα δύο πανεπιστημιακοί στο βιβλίο τους καταγράφουν την ιστορία και γεωγραφία του ελληνικού ποδοσφαίρου, 30/06/2009, ΤΑ ΝΕΑ – tanea.gr (in Greek)
- , Πιο πολλοί είναι οι Ολυμπιακοί!, 26/06/2012 sportdog από έρευνα του ΣΚΑΙ (in Greek)
- , το 36% (2.016.000) δηλώνουν Ολυμπιακοί, το 30% (1.680.000) Παναθηναϊκοί, Έρευνα της Focus, Οκτώβριος 2005 –Φεβρουάριος 2006, SPORT24, επίσημο blog του sport24 και του αθλητικού συντάκτη Στέλιου Μαρκάκη (in Greek)
- , Περισσότερους φιλάθλους η Μπαρτσελόνα, πρώτη ελληνική ομάδα ο Ολυμπιακός (in Greek)
- , Περισσότερους οπαδούς ο Ολυμπιακός. Σε πρόσφατη έρευνα σχετικά με τους περισσότερους οπαδούς, ο ΟΣΦΠ είναι 1ος, 30/06/2009 SPORT24, 15ετής έρευνα του Παντελή Κυπριανού (in Greek)
- , Αυτοί είναι οι οπαδοί στην Ελλάδα – Ο Ολυμπιακός έχει τους περισσότερους φιλάθλους στην Ελλάδα, 26/06/2012 Gazzetta (in Greek)
- , H πιο πρόσφατη... «απογραφή»: 36% Oλυμπιακοί (1,677 εκατομμύρια), 30,2% Παναθηναϊκοί, Sentragoal, Βαγγέλης Μπραουδάκης (in Greek)
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Panathinaikos FC.|
- Official website (English) (Greek)
- Panathinaikos F.C. at UEFA
- Panathinaikos F.C. at Superleague Greece (English) (Greek)