Panathinaikos F.C.

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Main article: Panathinaikos A.O.
Panathinaikos
PAOemblem.svg
Full name Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos
Nickname(s) To Trifylli (The Shamrock)
Oi Prasinoi (The Greens)
Founded 3 February 1908; 106 years ago (1908-02-03) as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon
Ground Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium
Ground Capacity 16,003 [1]
Owner Panathinaikos Alliance
President Giannis Alafouzos
Manager Giannis Anastasiou
League Superleague Greece
2013–14 Superleague Greece, 2nd
Website Club home page
Current season

Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (Greek: Παναθηναϊκός Αθλητικός Όμιλος, "Panathenaic Athletic Club") is a Greek professional football club based in the City of Athens. Panathinaikos can literally be translated as "Panathenaic", which means "of all Athens". Founded in 1908, they play in the Super League Greece and are one of the oldest and most successful clubs in Greek football. They have won 20 Greek Championships and 18 Greek Cups.

Panathinaikos is the most successful Greek club in terms of achievements in European competitions. They have reached the European Cup (later changed to UEFA Champions League) final in 1971 and the semi-finals in 1985 and 1996.

According to the vast majority of researches and polls, it is the second most popular football team in Greece.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Panathinaikos F.C. is the football department of Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (PAO), a multi-sport club. In 1979, the department became professional and independent. They have played their home games in the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium – which is considered as their traditional home ground – and the Athens Olympic Stadium.

The club holds a long-term rivalry with Olympiacos and matches between the two teams are referred to as "Derby of the eternal enemies".[9]

Panathinaikos F.C. is one of only two supporter-owned football clubs in Greece, along with Aris Thessaloniki.[10]

History[edit]

Podosferikos Omilos Athinon[edit]

Giorgos Kalafatis, founder of Panathinaikos.
The first team of 1908

According to the official history of the club, Panathinaikos was founded by Giorgos Kalafatis on 3 February 1908, when he and 40 other athletes decided to break away from Panellinios Gymnastikos Syllogos following the club's decision to discontinue its football team.[11] The first name of the new club was Podosferikos Omilos Athinon (POA) - i.e. "Football Club of Athens". The colours of the team were red and white and its home ground was in Patission Street.[12] Oxford University athlete John Cyril Campbell was brought in as coach. It was the first time that a foreigner was appointed as the coach of a Greek team.[12]

Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos[edit]

In 1910, after a dispute among a number of board members, Kalafatis with most of the players - also followed by Campbell - decided to pull out of POA and secured a new ground in Amerikis Square. Subsequently, the name of the club changed to Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos (PPO) - i.e. "Panhellenic Football Club" - and its colours to green and white. By 1914, Campbell had returned to England but the club was already at the top of Greek football with players such as Michalis Papazoglou, Michalis Rokkos and Loukas Panourgias.

In 1918, PPO adopted the shamrock as its emblem, as proposed by Michalis Papazoglou.[13] In 1921 and 1922, the Athens-Piraeus FCA organized the first two post-WWI championships, in both of which PPO was declared champion. By that stage, the club had outgrown both the grounds in Patission Street and Amerikis Square, due mainly to its expansion in other sports, and began to look at vacant land in the area of Perivola on Alexandras Avenue as its potential new ground.[13] After long discussions with the Municipality of Athens, an agreement was finally reached and in 1922 Leoforos ("Avenue" in Greek) was granted to the club.[12]

Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos[edit]

Angelos Messaris, the legendary player of the 30s
The team of Panathinaikos, 1930.

The move to a permanent home ground also heralded another – final – name change, to Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (PAO), on 15 March 1924.[12] However, the decision was already taken by 1922.

In 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation was founded and the first official Greek Championship took place in 1927. Panathinaikos won the Championship in 1930 under the guidance of Joseph Kinsler with Angelos Messaris as the team's star player.[14] They beat rivals Olympiacos 8–2, a result that still remains the biggest win either team has achieved against its rival.[15]

In 1931, a serious disagreement between leading board member Apostolos Nikolaidis and Messaris,[13] which lasted two years, damaged the club and led to a counterproductive period. In the meantime, the HFF Greek Cup had commenced in 1932. The last bright moment for the Greens before World War II was winning the Cup for the first time in 1940 against Aris (3–1).

Until 1965, Panathinaikos had won 8 Championships (1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965) and 2 Cups (1948, 1955). In 1964, they won the Greek Championship without a loss, with Stjepan Bobek as coach and great players such as Takis Loukanidis and Mimis Domazos. Panathinaikos is the only team that has won the Greek Championship undefeated.[11] Moreover, they were crowned back to back Champions in 1969 and 1970 and won 2 more Greek Cups in 1967 and 1969.

European Cup 1970–71 finalists[edit]

Line-up for the in the 1971 European Cup Final against Ajax.
The team in the 1971 European Cup Final.

In 1971, under the guidance of the legendary Ferenc Puskás Panathinaikos were 1970–71 European Cup finalists, losing 2–0 to Ajax at Wembley Stadium.[11] In the road to the final they eliminated Jeunesse Esch, Slovan Bratislava, Everton and Red Star Belgrade.[11][16] Antonis Antoniadis was the leading scorer in the tournament scoring 10 goals.

In the same year, Panathinaikos played for the 1971 Intercontinental Cup (due to the refusal of Ajax to participate), where they lost to Nacional (1–1 in Greece, 2–1 in Uruguay).[17]

During the last amateur years of Greek football, the Greens won one Championship in 1972 and the Double in 1977. Another important moment for the club was winning the Balkans Cup of 1977.[18]

Giorgos Vardinogiannis era[edit]

In 1979, Greek football turned professional. The Vardinogiannis family, who are mostly known for their oil refining, oil exploration, media and entertainment enterprises, purchased PAO's football department and Giorgos Vardinogiannis became president.[13] Panathinaikos were one of the first Greek clubs that formed a women's team in 1980 but that department is currently inactive.

The transformation period lasted a few years but in 1982 their first professional era trophy, the Greek Cup, put everything in order and they would go on winning 2 Championships (1984, 1986), 4 more Greek Cups (1984, 1986, 1988, 1989) and the Greek Super Cup in 1988.

European Cup 1984–85 semi-finalists[edit]

In the 1984–85 season, Panathinaikos with coach Jacek Gmoch and big stars Dimitris Saravakos and Velimir Zajec made an impressive run in Europe, eliminating Feyenoord, Linfield and Göteborg to reach the semi-finals of the European Cup.[11] In 1987–88, they made it to the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup, eliminating Juventus, Auxerre and Budapest Honvéd.

The 1990s were an even more successful period for the club, both nationally and internationally. 4 Greek Championships (1990, 1991, 1995, 1996), 4 Greek Cups (1991, 1993, 1994, 1995) and 2 Greek Super Cups (1993, 1994) were awarded to the club.

In the 1991–92 season, the Greens reached the last 8 of the European Cup and took part in the first ever European tournament to have a group stage.

Champions League 1995–96 semi-finalists[edit]

Krzysztof Warzycha, the club's top goalscorer with 288 goals.

In 1995–96, with Juan Ramon Rocha as coach and key players Krzysztof Warzycha and Juan Jose Borrelli, Panathinaikos reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League where they faced Ajax, recording a surprising 0–1 first leg away victory. However, they suffered a crushing 0–3 defeat on the second leg and were thus denied entry to the final once more. A long dry spell commenced after that year's European campaign.

2000 and beyond[edit]

In the summer of 2000, president Giorgos Vardinogiannis resigned from his duties and passed his shares to his nephew Giannis Vardinogiannis, who changed the style of the club's management.

With the arrival of coach Sergio Markarian, Panathinaikos reached the quarter-finals of the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League, being eliminated by Barcelona. In the 2002–03 season, they lost the Championship in the last two games by arch-rivals Olympiacos. In Europe, the Greens were eliminated in the UEFA Cup quarter-finals by eventual winners Porto.

With Itzhak Shum as new coach, Panathinaikos managed to win the Double in 2004 after almost ten years. New players like Ezequiel González, Lucian Sanmartean and Markus Münch were signed the summer before. However, Shum was unexpectedly fired early in the next season. Zdeněk Ščasný succeeded him on the bench.

In 2005, major changes were made in the team's roster. Many stars like Angelos Basinas and Michalis Konstantinou departed, while others like Flávio Conceição and Igor Biscan arrived. Ščasný gave his seat to Alberto Malesani. At the start of the 2006–07 season, Malesani left the team and he was replaced by the lackluster Hans Backe, who left only three months after his appointment. Víctor Muñoz then came. For the 2007–08 season, Panathinaikos hired José Peseiro.

On 22 April 2008, main shareholder Giannis Vardinogiannis gave a press conference in which he announced the decision of his family to reduce their share in the club to 50% – after 30 years of full ownership – through a €80 million increase of the company's capital stock. After the negotiations and the share capital increase, the Vardinogiannis family would hold 56% of the club, Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos 10% and the other shareholders 34%.

Following the major changes in 2008, Panathinaikos hired Henk ten Cate as coach and bought many expensive players such as Gilberto Silva from Arsenal and Gabriel from Fluminense. In the 2008–09 season, the Greens proved that they could hold their weight in the Champions League by reaching the last 16. However, they disappointed in the Greek Championship finishing 3rd in the regular season, though they managed to come 2nd overall after the playoff mini-league.

The 2009–10 season was successful for Panathinaikos. During the summer transfer period the club bought Djibril Cissé from Marseille, Kostas Katsouranis from Benfica, Sebastian Leto from Liverpool and various other players spending more than €35 million. Henk ten Cate left in December to be replaced by Nikos Nioplias. The team managed to enter the last 16 of the Europa League and win both the Greek Championship and the Greek Cup – beating Aris in the final on 24 April.

In the summer of 2010, Panathinaikos signed Jean-Alain Boumsong and Sidney Govou from Lyon as well as Luis García, Damien Plessis and goalkeeper Daniel Fernandes. The fans showed their support by rocketing their own previous record of 26,002 season tickets to 30,091. However, due to bad performances Panathinaikos didn't manage to protect their title and they were knocked out from the Group Stage of Champions League.

In 2011, due to financial problems, Panathinaikos sold Djibril Cissé for €5,800,000 to S.S. Lazio and first-choice goalkeeper Alexandros Tzorvas to Palermo in order to reduce the budget.[19][20] New players came like Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, Toche, Vitolo and Zeca. The club also changed their president and chose Dimitris Gontikas to be the new chairman. Panathinaikos failed to qualify to the Group Stage of Champions League as they were knocked out by Odense BK (4–5 on aggregate). On 5 September 2011, Giannis Vardinogiannis announced that he intended to leave the club.

Panathinaikos Alliance[edit]

Panathinaikos' downfall continued as a result of the serious riots in the Panathinaikos-Olympiacos derby of 18 March 2012. The entire Board quit and Panathinaikos remained headless for about 2 months.[21] The owner of Skai TV, Giannis Alafouzos, however devised a plan to take Vardinogiannis' shares (54.7%) and make them available to fans around Greece so that everyone could contribute a desired amount, so that Panathinaikos could overcome the crisis.[22] His plan seemed to be working as a new 20-member board was elected with Dimitris Gontikas at the president's chair again,[23] however it was yet to be seen how the fans would respond to Panathinaikos' call for help.

On 2 July 2012, the Panathinaikos Alliance finally opened to the public so that everyone could contribute a desired amount in return for some privileges, such as cheaper prices on the season tickets - provided that one contributed at least €175. If one contributed €20, they would have a 10% discount at the Panathinaikos F.C. stores. After a few weeks of operation, 8,606 members had signed up, some of which were current or former Panathinaikos players (Boumsong, Ninis, Gilberto Silva, Cisse). The total contribution reached €2.325.608.

The 18 July 2012 marked a historical day in Panathinaikos history, as Giannis Vardinogiannis gave his shares - 54.7% of Panathinaikos F.C. - to the Panathinaikos Alliance, thereby allowing Panathinaikos to have a fresh start, with their own fans at the steering wheel.

The first season with the Panathinaikos Alliance at the helm was nothing short of abysmal for the club. While still enduring financial troubles, Panathinaikos finished 6th in the championship and failed to qualify for the European competitions for the first time in 16 years.

For the 2013-14 season the membership had risen up to 9.305 members contributing a total of €2.580.836.

Season Members % increase Contribution
2012–13 8.606 - €2.325.608
2013–14 9.305 8,12% €2.580.836

Starting the 2013-2014 season both fans and journalists were very skeptical of Panathinaikos' chances of a successful season and a lot of people expected the team to get relegated. In May 2013 Yannis Anastasiou was appointed manager. Anastasiou planned a team based on players from the Panathinaikos youth department joined by experienced foreign players looking to revive their careers. Despite the early skepticism Panathinaikos' fans supported the team through the rough start and the season turned out to be a massive success considering the dire financial situation of the club and the young and inexperienced squad. Panathinaikos finished 4th in the regular season and 2nd after the playoffs meaning they qualified for the Champions League. Panathinaikos were also crowned Cup winners after a 4-1 win over PAOK F.C..

Crest and colours[edit]

Panathinaikos shirt history

The colours that were first used by the club in 1908 were black and white but changed to green and white in 1911. In 1918, player Michalis Papazoglou proposed that the club adopt the shamrock as its emblem.[24] He used to have it sewn on his shirt since he was competing for a club in his native Chalcedon, Constantinople.[25] Papazoglou was possibly inspired by Billy Sherring, an Irish Canadian athlete who had won the Athens 1906 Olympic marathon wearing a white outfit with a big green shamrock on the chest.[26][27][28]

The team's jersey colours are green and white, although the white sometimes is omitted, used as trim or as an alternative. During the first years after the establishment of green as Panathinaikos' primary colour, players were wearing green shirts, white shorts and green socks. Since then, the uniform style has changed many times but green has always remained the team's primary colour.

1930
1971
1984
1995
1996
2000
2004
2013
2014

Stadiums[edit]

Panathinaikos' traditional home ground since the early 1920s is the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium in the Ampelokipoi district of central Athens. The stadium is located on Alexandras Avenue and is most commonly referred to as Leoforos (i.e. Avenue). It is considered one of the most historic stadiums in Greece, as it was used by the Greek national football team as home ground for many years (most recently for the UEFA Euro 2004 qualifying matches) and even by Panathinaikos' biggest rivals, AEK and Olympiacos, on various occasions.

Panathinaikos left Leoforos in 1984 to play in the newly built Athens Olympic Stadium. In 2000, then club president Angelos Filippidis announced a return to the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium, following a €7 million renovation. Capacity was reduced from 25,000 to 16,620, new dressing rooms were built and modular stand roofing was added in compliance with UEFA requirements, but in 2004 stricter standards were announced and the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium would need further expansion were it to remain suitable for UEFA-sanctioned matches. This was precluded by local zoning regulations and the team had to return to the Olympic Stadium once more until a new stadium, the proposed Votanikos Arena, was built. The Leoforos ground was due for demolition and would become a park. A small section of the west curve spectator stands, the legendary Gate 13, would be retained and house a small Panathinaikos museum.

On 27 January 2007, the board of Panathinaikos decided to reuse the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium for the team's 2007–08 Greek Super League and UEFA Cup home games. Also, the club officials decided to install new lawn, new seats and upgrade the press conference room and the restrooms.

As of October 2013 and due to the club's and the country's financial troubles, the construction of the Votanikos Arena has stopped and consequently the plans for the demolition of the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium have been put on hold. After another five-year spell at the Olympic Stadium, the team has returned to its traditional home ground once again.

Stadium Capacity Years
Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium 22,003 1923–1984
1988–1989,

2000–2005
2007–2008
2013–

Athens Olympic Stadium 69,618 1984–1988
1989–2000

2005–2007
2008–2013

Supporters[edit]

Fans of Panathinaikos

According to the most recent polls, Panathinaikos is the 2nd most popular football club in Greece, with nearly 30,2%[29] of the population supporting them. They have a large fanbase in all Greek prefectures (especially in greater Athens area, Central Greece, Peloponesse, Epirus, Thessaly, Thrace and Crete), in Cyprus and in the Greek diaspora. Their main rivals are fellow greater Athens side Olympiacos (36%) while AEK Athens and PAOK share 13% of the fans.

The main organized supporters of Panathinaikos are known as Gate 13 (est. 1966), which consists of around 80 clubs alongside Greece and Cyprus.[30] Gate 13 style of supporting includes the use of green fireworks, large and small green flags, displaying of banners and especially the creation of colorful and large choreographies, noisy and constant cheering and other supporters stuff. Gate 13 has over the years become a part of the club by affecting club decisions and by following the club on all occasions. They share close relations with Ultras Rapid Wien.

Statistics and records[edit]

Mimis Domazos, the General

Mimis Domazos holds the record for Panathinaikos F.C. appearances, having played 502 first-team matches between 1959 and 1980.[31] Striker Krzysztof Warzycha comes second, having played 390 times.[32] The record for a goalkeeper is held by Takis Ikonomopoulos, with 303 appearances.[33]

Krzysztof Warzycha is the club's top goalscorer with 288 goals in all competitions between 1989 and 2004[34] having surpassed Antonis Antoniadis' total of 180 in January 1998.[35]

Panathinaikos record home attendance is 74.493, for a Greek League match against AEK F.C. in 1986 at the Olympic Stadium.[36] The record attendance for a Panathinaikos match at the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium is from 1967 when 29.665 spectators watched the Cup Winners Cup game between Panathinaikos and FC Bayern Munich.[37]

Panathinaikos is the only club in the history of Greek football to finish a top-flight campaign unbeaten. This happened in the 1963–64 season.[38]

Honours[edit]

Domestic competitions[edit]

  • Double: (8) [41]
    • 1969, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1991, 1995, 2004, 2010
  • SEGAS Championship: (4) [44]
    • 1909, 1911, 1912, 1915 (as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon and Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
  • FCA Championship: (2)
    • 1921, 1922 (as Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
  • Athens FCA Championship: (17) [45]
    • 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1937, 1939, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959

European competitions[edit]

Worldwide competitions[edit]

Youth teams[edit]

  • Greek U-21 Championship: (2)
    • 2005, 2012
  • Greek U-18 Championship: (1)
    • 2009

1Competitions for amateur footballers, won by Panathinaikos' U-21 team (or Panathinaikos Amateurs, as it was called at that time).

Current squad[edit]

As of 28 July 2014 [49]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Greece GK Stefanos Kotsolis (3rd vice captain)
2 Greece DF Panagiotis Spyropoulos
3 Greece DF Diamantis Chouchoumis
4 Greece DF Giorgos Koutroubis
5 Greece DF Konstantinos Triantafyllopoulos
6 Netherlands MF David Mendes da Silva (2nd vice captain)
7 Greece FW Viktor Klonaridis
8 Greece MF Anastasios Lagos (vice captain)
9 Sweden FW Marcus Berg (4th vice captain)
10 Portugal MF Zeca (captain)
11 Sweden MF Emir Bajrami
14 Nigeria MF Abdul Jeleel Ajagun
15 England GK Luke Steele
17 Sweden FW Valmir Berisha
No. Position Player
18 Greece MF Christos Donis
19 Greece FW Nikos Karelis
21 Spain DF Nano
22 Netherlands MF Ouasim Bouy
23 Croatia DF Gordon Schildenfeld
24 Greece DF Spyros Risvanis
26 Greece FW Thanasis Dinas
28 Greece MF Giannis Stamatakis
30 Greece FW Konstantinos Apostolopoulos
31 Greece DF Christos Bourbos
32 Croatia MF Danijel Pranjić
33 Croatia FW Mladen Petrić
61 Greece GK Konstantinos Kotsaris

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Greece GK Alexandros Tabakis (to Greece Niki Volos)
Greece GK Alexandros Anagnostopoulos (to Greece Episkopi)
Greece GK Nestoras Gekas (to Greece Fostiras)
Greece DF Nikos Marinakis (to Greece Niki Volos)
No. Position Player
Greece MF Evangelos Anastasopoulos (to Greece Niki Volos)
Greece MF Alexandros Mouzakitis (to Greece Niki Volos)
Greece FW Nikos Giannitsanis (to Greece Niki Volos)

Panathinaikos U-20[edit]

[50] [51]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Greece GK Konstantinos Kotsaris
2 Croatia DF Fran Tudor
3 Greece DF Dimitrios Myrthianos
4 Greece DF Andreas Xiros
5 Greece DF Marios Tzanoulinos
6 Greece MF Paschalis Staikos
7 Greece FW Lazaros Lamprou
8 Greece MF Vassilis Angelopoulos
9 Greece FW Minas Chalkiadakis
10 Greece MF Michail Niouman
11 Albania FW Maldin Ymeraj
14 Greece DF Nikos Athanasopoulos
15 Greece DF Alexandros Triantafyllopoulos
16 Greece MF Giorgos Angelopoulos
No. Position Player
17 Greece FW Thanasis Gerokonstantis
18 Greece FW Alexandros Zafeirakis
Greece GK Sokratis Giorgos Vasilas
Greece MF Aggelos Zoulis
Greece DF Panagiotis Arnaoutoglou
Greece DF Apostolos Balatsouras
Greece DF Giorgos Servilakis
Greece DF Charalampos Stratigis
Greece MF Anastasios Chatzigiovannis
Greece MF Alexios Touroukis
Albania FW Mario Bamiha
Albania FW Saraci Kristi
Greece FW Spyros Papanikolaou

Retired Numbers[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Management[edit]

Apostolos Nikolaidis (1919), player, manager and later president of the team.
Position Name
President Giannis Alafouzos
Honorary President Achileas Makropoulos
1st Vice-President Stratos Sopilis
2nd Vice-President Vasilis Konstantinou
Sports Director Dimitris Saravakos
Director of Football Takis Fyssas
Technical Director Nikos Dabizas
Member Dimitris Gounaris
Member Ioannis Iriotis
Member George Karanasos
Member Panos Loukakos
Member Ahilleas Makropoulos
Member Giannis Iriotis
Member Savvas Papadopoulos
Member Giannis Panagiotidis

Technical staff[edit]

Ferenc Puskás, manager of Panathinaikos (1970–1974).
Position Name Nationality
Head Coach Giannis Anastasiou Greece
Assistant Coach Steve Rutter England
Assistant Coach Giannis Vonortas Greece
Fitness Coach Youssef Vos Netherlands
Goalkeepers Coach Panagiotis Agriogiannis Greece
Academies Director Henk Herder Netherlands
Youth Academy Technical Director Giannis Samaras Greece
Medical staff
Head doctor Nikos Tzouroudis Greece
Medical team Vasilios Oikonomidis Greece
Medical team Konstantinos Deftereos Greece
Medical team Michael Papamichail Greece
Nutritionist Tonia Machaira Greece
Scouting staff
Head Dimitris Markos Greece
Scout René Henriksen Denmark
Scout Juan Ramón Rocha Argentina

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.superleaguegreece.net/eng/team/253/31/
  2. ^ [1], Έλαβον: ΟΣΦΠ 39%, ΠΑΟ 30%, ΑΕΚ 15%, ΠΑΟΚ 11%, Άρης 5%. Ύστερα από 15ετή έρευνα δύο πανεπιστημιακοί στο βιβλίο τους καταγράφουν την ιστορία και γεωγραφία του ελληνικού ποδοσφαίρου, 30/06/2009, ΤΑ ΝΕΑ – tanea.gr (in Greek)
  3. ^ [2], Πιο πολλοί είναι οι Ολυμπιακοί!, 26/06/2012 sportdog από έρευνα του ΣΚΑΙ (in Greek)
  4. ^ [3], το 36% (2.016.000) δηλώνουν Ολυμπιακοί, το 30% (1.680.000) Παναθηναϊκοί, Έρευνα της Focus, Οκτώβριος 2005 –Φεβρουάριος 2006, SPORT24, επίσημο blog του sport24 και του αθλητικού συντάκτη Στέλιου Μαρκάκη (in Greek)
  5. ^ [4], Περισσότερους φιλάθλους η Μπαρτσελόνα, πρώτη ελληνική ομάδα ο Ολυμπιακός (in Greek)
  6. ^ [5], Περισσότερους οπαδούς ο Ολυμπιακός. Σε πρόσφατη έρευνα σχετικά με τους περισσότερους οπαδούς, ο ΟΣΦΠ είναι 1ος, 30/06/2009 SPORT24, 15ετής έρευνα του Παντελή Κυπριανού (in Greek)
  7. ^ [6], Αυτοί είναι οι οπαδοί στην Ελλάδα – Ο Ολυμπιακός έχει τους περισσότερους φιλάθλους στην Ελλάδα, 26/06/2012 Gazzetta (in Greek)
  8. ^ [7], H πιο πρόσφατη... «απογραφή»: 36% Oλυμπιακοί (1,677 εκατομμύρια), 30,2% Παναθηναϊκοί, Sentragoal, Βαγγέλης Μπραουδάκης (in Greek)
  9. ^ "Greece Eternal Thespians". Fifa.com. 
  10. ^ "Fans secure ownership of Panathinaikos". Soccerex. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "History". pao.gr. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d "103 χρόνια από την ίδρυση του Παναθηναϊκού (At this day, Panathinaikos was founded 103 years ago)". To Vima (in Greek). 3 February 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c d Kyriazis, Christos (4 February 2008). "The Golden Age of PAO". Ethnosport (in Greek) (Pegasus Publishing S.A.). Retrieved 28 March 2008. 
  14. ^ Alexopoulos, Ilias (3 January 2008). "Our best moments...". Athlitikι (in Greek). Archived from the original on 5 October 2009. 
  15. ^ "Παναθηναϊκός - Ολυμπιακός 8-2" (in Greek). e-soccer.gr. 
  16. ^ "Το έπος του Γουέμπλεϊ" (in Greek). e-soccer.gr. 
  17. ^ "Intercontinental Cup 1971". FIFA. 10 December 2008. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. 
  18. ^ "Balkan Cup 1970-79". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  19. ^ "Cissé signing adds to Lazio's attacking options". uefa.com. 12 July 2011. 
  20. ^ Skokas, Giannis (26 August 2011). ""Σικελός" ο διεθνής γκολκίπερ Αλέξης Τζόρβας (Alexis Tzorvas a "Sicilian")" (in Greek). To Vima. 
  21. ^ ""Εξαντλήσαμε τα περιθώρια", είπε ο Γόντικας για την ομαδική παραίτηση ("No tolerance anymore" said Gontikas after mass resignation)" (in Greek). Athens: In.gr. 23 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "Ετοιμο το πλάνο Αλαφούζου που "δεν έχει πολυτέλεια για διχόνοιες" (Alafouzos' plan is ready)" (in Greek). Athens: In.gr. 30 April 2012. 
  23. ^ ""Έχουμε πολλά θέματα και λίγο χρόνο" δήλωσε ο Γόντικας (Gontikas: "We have many issues and little time")" (in Greek). Athens: In.gr. 9 May 2012. 
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