Panchagavya or panchakavyam is a concoction prepared by mixing five products of cow. The three direct constituents are cow dung, urine, and milk; the two derived products are curd and ghee. These are mixed in proper ratio and then allowed to ferment. The mixture which is made using yeast as a fermenter, bananas, groundnut cake, and the water of tender coconut, is a potent organic pesticide and growth promoter. The Sanskrit word Panchagavya means "mixture of five products," and it has been used in traditional Indian rituals throughout history. It is also called cowpathy treatment based on products obtained from cows used in Ayurvedic medicine and of religious significance for Hindus. Panchgavya is also used as fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural operations.
Panchagavya an organic product has the potential to play the role of promoting growth and providing immunity in plant system. It consists of nine products viz. cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, jaggery, ghee, banana, tender coconut, and water. When suitably mixed and used, these have various effects.
Cow dung, cow ghee, cow urine, water, cow milk, cow curd, tender coconut water, jaggery and well ripened banana. Mix the cow dung and cow ghee thoroughly both in morning and evening hours and keep it for 3 days. After 3 days mix cow urine and water and keep it for 15 days with regular mixing both in morning and evening hours. After 15 days mix the remaining ingredients and panchagavya will be ready after 30 days.
It is stored in a wide-mouthed earthen pot or concrete tank in open. Sufficient shade should be provided, and the contents should be stirred twice a day, both in the morning and the evening. It can be diluted before use on plants and animals.
- A common usage is as a fertilizer and pesticide. Seeds can be treated with panchagavya. This was found useful in rhizome of turmeric, ginger and sugarcane and they yielded more. Helps in plant growth and immunity.
- The medicinal usage of panchakavya, particularly cow urine, is practiced in Ayurveda. Proponents claim that cow urine therapy is capable of curing several diseases, including certain types of cancer, although these claims are questioned.
- As an Antibiotic growth promoter in broiler diet. Used in Fish ponds to increase the growth of Plankton for fish feed. When fed for animals like Cow and Sheep, various ailments got cured. Cows yielded more milk and egg laying capacity of poultry chicken improved. Cross-bred pigs fed with panchagavya attained more weight.
- Used as a base in cosmetic products.
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