Panchagavya

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Panchagavya or panchkavya is a concoction prepared by mixing five products of cow. The three direct constituents are cow dung, urine, and milk; the two derived products are curd and ghee. These are mixed in proper ratio and then allowed to ferment. The mixture which is made using yeast as a fermenter, bananas, groundnut cake, and the water of tender coconut, is a potent organic pesticide and growth promoter. The Sanskrit word Panchagavya means "mixture of five products," and it has been used in traditional Indian rituals throughout history. It is also called cowpathy treatment based on products obtained from cows used in Ayurvedic medicine and of religious significance for Hindus. Panchgavya is also used as fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural operations.[1][2]

The quality standards of Panchagavya are mentioned in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. CSIR has obtained some patents regarding Panchagavya.[3]

Preparation[edit]

Panchagavya an organic product has the potential to play the role of promoting growth and providing immunity in plant system. It consists of nine products viz. cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, jaggery, ghee, banana, tender coconut, and water. When suitably mixed and used, these have various effects.[4]

Ingredients[edit]

Cow dung, cow ghee, cow urine, water, cow milk, cow curd, tender coconut water, jaggery and well ripened banana. Mix the cow dung and cow ghee thoroughly both in morning and evening hours and keep it for 3 days. After 3 days mix cow urine and water and keep it for 15 days with regular mixing both in morning and evening hours. After 15 days mix the remaining ingredients and panchagavya will be ready after 30 days.[4]

Storage[edit]

It is stored in a wide-mouthed earthen pot or concrete tank in open. Sufficient shade should be provided, and the contents should be stirred twice a day, both in the morning and the evening. It can be diluted before use on plants and animals.

Usage[edit]

  • A common usage is as a fertilizer and pesticide.[1][2] Seeds can be treated with panchagavya. This was found useful in rhizome of turmeric, ginger and sugarcane and they yielded more.[6] Helps in plant growth and immunity.[7]
  • The medicinal usage of panchakavya, particularly cow urine, is practiced in Ayurveda. Proponents claim that cow urine therapy is capable of curing several diseases, including certain types of cancer, although these claims are questioned.[8][9]
  • As an Antibiotic growth promoter in broiler diet.[10] Used in Fish ponds to increase the growth of Plankton for fish feed. When fed for animals like Cow and Sheep, various ailments got cured.[11] Cows yielded more milk and egg laying capacity of poultry chicken improved.[12] Cross-bred pigs fed with panchagavya attained more weight.[13]
  • Used as a base in cosmetic products.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dhama K. et al., Panchgavya (Cowpathy): An Overview, International Journal of Cow Science, 2005:vol 1:issue 1
  2. ^ a b Arvind Kumar (1 January 2005). Environment & agriculture. APH Publishing. pp. 65–. ISBN 978-81-7648-921-8. Retrieved 25 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Medicinal Usage of Panchagavya". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Panchakavya". Tamilnadu agricultural university,India. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Mandala Pooja". Guruvayoor Devaswom. Retrieved January 2014. 
  6. ^ "On a Panchakavya mission". The Hindu (Guntur, India). 27 July 2004. 
  7. ^ Garg, Uttara. "Panchagavya - the magic combination". www.greenmylife.in. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Nelson, Dean (February 11, 2009). "India makes cola from cow urine To millions of devout Hindus, it's the real thing: a cola made from the urine of India's sacred cows.". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  9. ^ Andrew Buncombe (21 July 2010). "A cure for cancer – or just a very political animal?". The Independent. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Panchagavya and Andrographis paniculata as Alternatives to Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Broiler Production and Carcass Characteristics". International Journal of Poultry Science 5 (12): 1144-1150, 2006. Asian Network for Scientific Information. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "Modified Panchakavya to boost plant and animal productivity". The Hindu (India). 5 June 2003. 
  12. ^ "Panchagavya: low cost organic input for both crops and animals". The Hindu (India). 4 June 2009. 
  13. ^ "STUDY ON PANCHAKAVYA - AN INDIGENOUS FORMULATION AND ITS EFFECT ON THE GROWTH PROMOTION OF CROSSBRED PIGS". INDIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL RESEARCH. Agricultural Research Communication Centre. 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "Kishore Biyani to launch Panchagavya cosmetics and health remedy products in Big Bazaar". Economic times (Mumbai, India). 16 September 2011.