Yagya Shala, within the Mansa Devi temple complex
|Nickname(s): Chandigarh Tricity|
|• Total||816 km2 (315 sq mi)|
|Elevation||365 m (1,198 ft)|
|• Density||260/km2 (670/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||134 109 - 134 114|
|Vehicle registration||HR-03, HR-68, CH-01|
Panchkula (Hindi: पंचकुला़; Punjabi: ਪੰਚਕੂਲਾ) is a planned city in Panchkula district, Haryana, India. It forms part of a metropolitan area with the Union Territory of Chandigarh and the city of Ajitgarh in Punjab state. The city hosts the Chandimandir Cantonment, the headquarters of the Western Command of the Indian Army. In 2011, Panchkula had population of 561,293 of which male and female were 299,679 and 261,614 respectively. Panchkula is surrounded by Himachal Pradesh in the north and east, Punjab and Chandigarh Union Territory in the west(distance 0 km) and by Ambala district in the south and east(distance approx 40 km). Panchkula district shares borders with Chandigarh, Ajitgarh, Solan and Ambala districts.
Panchkula is the newly formed 17th district of Haryana State. Nestled by the great Shivalik Mountains, this district comprises a region which was considered `a cradle of great civilization and culture’ in the years gone by. However, today, it is being transformed into a modern city that offers the best of all worlds – a rich heritage, a green and pollution-free environment, coupled with strident industrial and commercial progress. Panchkula Urban Estate, H.M.T., Pinjore and Surajpur are important industrial centers of Panchkula. The district administration is also steadily developing spots like the Morni hills and the Pinjore complex as major tourist destinations.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Hotels
- 6 Administrative offices
- 7 Notable People from Panchkula
- 8 Tourist attraction
- 9 Morni Hills
- 10 Pinjore gardens
- 11 Cactus Garden
- 12 Nada Sahib Gurdwara
- 13 Mansa Devi Temple
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
The word Panchkula is derived from the local words panch (Sanskrit: पंच) (five) and kula (Sanskrit: कुला) (canals)"The city of 5 canals", possibly referring to five irrigation canals that distribute water from the Ghaggar-Hakra River. The origin of the name Panchkula came from the place where five irrigation canals meet. Panch is five and Kuls means canal, hence the name Panchkula. The canals take water from the Ghaggar and distribute it from Nada Sahib to Mansa Devi. The canals, build by a ruler in the past are a good example of ancient engineering acumen, as at some spots the water is raised to higher levels than the river course.
Chandigarh has been named after mother Chandi, the name was coined from an ancient temple called Chandi Mandir , Chandigarh derived its name from a temple of goddess Chandi (the Chandi Mandir) located in Panchkula district. The word Chandigarh literally means “the fort of Chandi” The metropolitan of Chandigarh-Mohali-Panchkula today collectively termed as Tri-city .
Geography and climate
Panchkula district has a sub tropical continental monsoon climate having, hot summers, cool winters, good monsoon rainfall. It has great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 43 °C). Sometimes winter frost occurs during December and January. The district also receives winter rains from the western disturbance. The rainfall is mostly received in the monsoon. Morni hills constitute the highest point of the district as well as of Haryana. The Ghaggar is the only perennial river, which is very shallow outside of the monsoons.
Generally the slope of the district is from north east to south west and in this direction, most of the rivers/streams rainfed torrents flow down and spread much gravel and pebbles in their beds. Only the Sirsa river, in Kalka Tehsil, flows towards northwest. The soils in the district are mainly light loam.
The underground water in the district is generally fresh and suitable for domestic and irrigation purposes. The underground water level is generally high in the southern parts and low in north and northeast which is hilly tract. The district lies in the Himalayas boundary fault zones and earthquakes of moderate to high intensity have occurred in the past.
- Spring: The climate remains the most enjoyable part of the year during the spring season (from February-end to early-April). Temperatures vary between (max) 13 °C to 20 °C and (min) 5 °C to 12 °C.
- Autumn: In autumn (from September-end to mid November.), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. Temperatures usually remain between 10° to 22° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 6 °C.
- Summer: The temperature in summer (from Mid-April to June-end) may rise even above 40 °C. Temperatures generally remain between 30 °C to 39 °C (94 – 101F).
- Monsoon: During monsoon (from early-July to mid-September), Panchkula receives moderate to heavy rainfall and sometimes heavy to very heavy rainfall (generally during the month of August or September). Usually, the rain bearing monsoon winds blow from south-west/south-east. Mostly, the city receives heavy rain from south (which is mainly a persistent rain) but it generally receives most of its rain during monsoon either from North-west or North-east. Maximum amount of rain received by the city of Panchkula during monsoon season is 195.5 mm in a single day.
- Winter: Winters (November-end to February-end) are mild but it can sometimes get quite chilly in Panchkula. Average temperatures in the winter remain at (max) 5 °C to 14 °C and (min) -1 °C to 5 °C. Rain usually comes from the west during winters and it is usually a persistent rain for 2–3 days with sometimes hail-storms.
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- Bella Vista Hotel, Sector - 5
- Red Bishop Tourist Complex, Sector - 1
- Gymkhana Clubs - Sector 6 , 3 and MDC
- KC Hotel & Spa (Offering 5-star accommodation in Panchkula City)
- The Golden Tulip
- Hotel North Park - A 3 Star Government Approved Hotel
- Western Court, Sector-10
Panchkula is in a way the hub of the government of Haryana due to its proximity to the state capital Chandigarh. Panchkula is being developed as a model of Urban development. The prime development agency of Haryana named Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has its administrative branch in the city of Panchkula. Apart from this, various other offices of different governmental agencies are found in Panchkula
The administration and other agencies in Panchkula are one who look after the overall upkeep and maintenance and development of the city in its entirety, are the lifeline of the city.
Most of major Regional Office are set up under one roof in panchkula (well known for promptly addressing the grievances of the people and inhabit an efficient machinery)
- Central Board of Secondary Education
- HSSC OFFICE BAYS.
- Hafed, Corporate office.
- Department of Technical Education.
- Staff Selection Commission .
- Regional Transport Authority.
- District Education Office.
- Public Service Commission.
- Regional Employment Office.
- Food and Supply Controller.
Notable People from Panchkula
- Sardar Anjum, Indian Poet and Philosopher, Padma Bhushan and Padam Shri
- Dr.Naresh, Indian Poet and Philosopher, Awarded National Award by Govt. of India & Lifetime Achievement Award by Haryana Govt.
- Kaushalya Reservoir Lake
- Pinjor Gardens or Yadavindra Gardens
- Nada sahib
- Mansa devi
- Cactus Garden (Asia's biggest garden devoted to rare and endangered species of Indian succulents)
- Morni Hills
- Kali Mata Mandir, Kalka
- Tau Devi Lal Sports complex
- 18 hole golf course
- Red Quaters S
An offshoot of Shivalik range, Morni hills near Chandigarh are located at a distance of about 45 km from the city of gardens. It is a beautiful hill resort that has a real scenic beauty. Morni hills have been named after Queen Morni, who is said to rule this city. If you are a nature lover and are fond of bird watching, then Morni hills are just the apt place. Also, it is an ideal destination for those who like to go in for adventurous trips consisting of fun activities like rock climbing, trekking, etc. The best time to visit this place is the period between September–March. Situated in the Panchkula district, it is definitely a must visit tourist attraction place, when it comes to Chandigarh excursions.
Pinjore gardens deserve a special mention. Also known as Yadavindra Gardens, they are situated about 20 km away from the city. The work of creating Pinjore gardens began in the seventeenth century. It covers a total area of 100 acres. Pinjore Garden serves as the venue for hosting the annual event of mango festival. The garden houses a mini zoo, historic places, Japanese garden, nursery and a number of picnic spots. According to the Hindu mythology, it is said that it is over here that Pandava brothers had rested during their exile.
Highlights: Asia's largest garden Cactus Garden near Chandigarh. India's largest succulent botanical garden of Asia. Situated in the heart of the city of Panchkula, it covers a total area of 7 acres. Cactus garden is known for its rare & endangered species of Indian succulents. You can spot nearly 3500 different kinds of species over there. Chandigarh Cactus Garden was set up in the year 1987. This unique garden consists of three green houses. It has been drawing more and more crowds every year, consisting not just of tourists, but botanists also.
Nada Sahib Gurdwara
Location: 15 km from Chandigarh in Panchkula district on the banks of river Ghagar.
Significance: it is here that Guru Gobind Singhji along with his victorious fellow warriors had taken a halt while on their way back, after having fought the battle with Mughals.
There are a number of religious places in and around Chandigarh. One among them is the Chandigarh Nada Sahib Gurudwara. Situated at the Panchkula district on the banks of river Ghagar, it lies at a distance of 15 km from the city of gardens. Gurdwara Nada Sahib in Chandigarh, India has a lot of reverence for Sikhs, as after having fought the battle with Mughals, Guru Gobind Singhji along with his victorious fellow Sikh warriors had stayed over here, while on their way back. Here, they were given a warm welcome by a follower of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, named Nadu Shah. The Guru showered his blessings on him and also said that the Gurudwara would be named after him. Lakhs of worshippers visit the Nada Sahib Gurdwara on the full moon day (Pooranmashi) of every month.
Mansa Devi Temple
Mansa Devi temple is a very famous shrine located at Panchkula, which is about 8 km away from the Chandigarh ISBT. This holy Siddh Peeth is dedicated to Mata Mansa Devi. According to the Hindu mythology, the head of Devi Sati had fallen over here. Mansa Devi Temple near Chandigarh basically houses two temples. The temple that is located near the parking lot is said to be the main temple. It was established in the year 1815 A.D by the ruler of Mani Majra. The credit for setting up the relatively new temple goes to the Maharaja of Patiala. Adjoining to the Chandigarh Mansa Devi mandir, there is a beautiful garden consisting of sacred plants. People come from all over the world to pay homage to the goddess. During Navratras, fairs take place in the surrounding areas of Mansa Devi temple.
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