|— city —|
|Nickname(s): Greater Chandigarh|
|• Total||816 km2 (315 sq mi)|
|Elevation||365 m (1,198 ft)|
|• Density||258/km2 (670/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||134 109 - 134 114|
|Vehicle registration||HR 03, HR 68 (commercial vehicles)|
|Panchkula has the highest per capita income among all the cities of Haryana|
Panchkula is a planned city in Panchkula district, Haryana, India. It is a satellite city of the Union Territory of Chandigarh. It also shares seamless border with Mohali district in Punjab. The prestigious Chandimandir Cantonment Headquarters of the Indian Army Western Command, is also located in Panchkula. There are five census-towns in the Panchkula district, Pinjore, Kalka, Barwala, Panchkula and Raipur Rani. Morni is the only Hill station in Haryana. The estimated population of Panchkula in 2006, was 200,000. Panchkula and Mohali (in Punjab) are two satellite cities of Chandigarh. These three cities are collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity.
The origin of the name Panchkula is based on the five irrigation canals (or kuls as they were called, making it Panch Kul of five canals) that take water from the Ghaggar in the uphill section and distribute it from Nada Sahib to Mansa Devi. The Nada canal has now been eroded by the river and most of the kul's pass through the cantonement of Chandimandir towards Mansa Devi. The canals are a beautiful example of community property and are maintained by the villagers along the way, with distribution days decided. The canals were made by a ruler in the past, and follow the contours to take water to levels much higher than the river at the same spot.
Physical aspects 
Panchkula is surrounded by Himachal Pradesh in the north and east, Punjab and Union Territory of Chandigarh in the west and by Ambala district in the south as well as east. Panchkula district shares its borders with Chandigarh, Mohali, Solan and Ambala districts.
Panchkula district has a sub tropical continental monsoon climate having, hot summers, cool winters, good monsoon rainfall. It has great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 43 °C). Sometimes winter frost occurs during December and January. The district also receives winter rains from the western disturbance. The rainfall is mostly received in the monsoon. Morni hills constitute the highest point of the district as well as of Haryana. The Ghaggar river is the only perennial river. It is very shallow outside of the monsoons. The Ghaggar river system is now thought to be the original Saraswati river. It now dries up in Rajasthan and does not reach the sea. This is due to geological changes that diverted the Sutlej from Ropar to take another channel. The important rivers/streams of the district are Ghaggar, Sirsa, Kaushalya.
Generally the slope of the district is from north east to south west and in this direction, most of the rivers/streams rainfed torrents flow down and spread much gravels and pebbles in their beds. Only the Sirsa river, in Kalka Tehsil, flows towards northwest through a u arrow halt of shivalik tract. The soils in the district are mainly light loam (seoti) piedmont (Ghar and Kandi), Swalik (pahar), silticlay (Naili and chhachhra Dakar) etc.
The under ground water in the district occurs under confirmed and semi-confirmed conditions which is generally fresh and suitable for domestic and irrigation purposes. The under ground water level is generally high in the southern parts and low in north and northeast which is hilly tract. The district lies in a region where earthquakes of moderate to high intensity have been felt in the past. Being situated at the Himalayan boundary fault zones it is prone to earthquakes.
Urban Estate Panchkula 
The new urban estate of Panchkula is west of Chandigarh. The Chandigarh railway station is near the Chandigarh-Panchkula boundary, and has an exit toward Panchkula. The areas of Shivalik Enclave and Manimajra are towards the Northwest of Panchkula Urban estate. The Cantonment of Chandimandir is north of Panchkula urban estate, towards the Urban estate's southern edge is Zirakpur in Punjab.
Most of the developed sectors are west of the Ghaggar river. The Shimla highway cuts through the estate mostly parallel to the Ghaggar. Its newer sectors are on the western banks of the Ghaggar. It is developed on outskirts of Chandigarh, amongst the picturesque background of the Shivalik hills and the Ghaggar River. The township has been subdivided into residential sectors, industrial sectors, parks and areas for regional recreation, major institutions, markets, and government and semi-government offices.
The eastern sectors are on the edge of Ramgarh[disambiguation needed], through which a road runs south to Dera Bassi in Punjab via Mubarakpur. East of Ramgarh on the road to Naraingarh (in Ambala district) is Barwala where an industrial estate has been set up and Raipur Rani where Sabeer Bhatia is proposing to set up a Nano city. The road to Nahan- Paonta- Dehradun goes through these towns. Short of Raipur Rani is a turn that goes to Dosarka between Ambala and Yamunanagar.
A large area south of Old Panchkula between Ambala-Kalka national highway and the Ghaggar River has been developed for recreation. The area has a golf course, and a sports complex, named Tau Devi Lal Sports complex. Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex has been popular due to the ICL Cricket Tournaments here.
North of Chandimandir are hills and Pinjore as well as Kalka, due west of Pinjore is the industrial area of Baddi. HMT factory is in Pinjore and an ancillary industrial estate of HMT with built-up sheds has been established. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL-A government of India Enterprise) was set up on approximately 58 acres (230,000 m2) of land in Panchkula Industrial Area and today employs a large work force.
Phase I 
Sectors 1 through to 19, and Industrial area this is shaped like a large triangle, with the railway line being one side of the triangle and the Zirakpur Kalka road being another. The Industrial area is largely along the railway line. All the prime sectors and a well-developed markets encompasses this triangle. Near Phase I there is ABHAYPUR, an urban area consisting of thick population of people who contribute to the manpower of industrial area's companies.
Phase 2 
Sectors 20 through to 30. This has some sectors across the Zirakpur-Kalka road and many on both sides of the banks of the Ghagghar. This area is developing and with the years to come it will be known as modern Panchkula.
Phase 3 
Places of tourist interest 
Morni Hills 
Morni Hills are the offshoots of Shivalik range of the Himalayas, which run in two parallel ranges. The village of Morni (Bhoj Jabial) lies on the mountainside, at 1,220 meters above mean sea level. Traditions assign the name of Morni to a Queen who is believed to have ruled this area. Among the spurs of hills, lie two lakes, the larger is about 550 meters long and 460 meters broad and the other about 365 meters either way. A hill divides the two lakes but there is some hidden channel, as the level of two lakes remains the same. The people look upon the lakes as sacred. There is an old fort, which is now in ruins. The hills are covered by pine trees. The climate is salubrious and the area is suitable for trekking. The Haryana Government has developed this hill resort and provides facilities to tourists, a motorable road was constructed to connect the Morni hills with Haryana State Highway near Panchkula. Haryana Tourism has a hotel called "Mountain Qail" there. There are also a Forest Department rest house named "Lal Munia" and a PWD rest house for tourists. There is also a private hotel.
Tikkar Taal is one of the major tourist attraction points here.
Pinjore Gardens 
Pinjore is famous for the beautiful Mughal Gardens, known as the Yadavindra Gardens. It is perhaps the loveliest and the oldest in northern India. It is said to have been made by Fidaikhan in the 17th century. The Haryana tourism department has developed the whole complex. It has lighted fountains, a restaurant, some rooms and a mini zoo. It has been renamed as Yadavindra Gardens as a mark of respect to the late Yadavindra Singh Maharaja of the earst while princely state of Patiala, Punjab. The main gate of the garden opens on the highest terrace and seven terraces descend gradually into the distant boundary of the garden. In the middle of the first terrace is the Shish Mahal in the Rajasthani Mughal style with small windows and apertures. There is a lyrical Hawa Mahal approached by steps on the side of the wall. The second terrace is uplifted by large arched doorways, above which there is the Rang Mahal, Cleverly devised by the architect, the view of lower terraces is from the open hall way below. The palace has an enormous upon courtyard. There is a cube like Jal Mahal, with a square fountain bad and a plinth to sit down on for pleasure. The next terrace is flanked by denser groves of trees, lightened by the water devices in the middle. The end structure of the doorway has recently been made into a disc-like open-air theatre. The stiff outer wall of the garden is reminiscent of the fort walls, which has now all around dieter pavilions housing the zoo. Haryana Tourism has a hotel called Buderigar with an attached restaurant at the gardens
Pinjore is also an historical place. Tools of Tower Paleolithic period fabricated on Quartzite have been found from the region stretching from Pinjore to Nalagarh. Important sculptures and other antiquarian remains recovered from the place can be assigned to the period ranging between 9th century A.D. to 12th century A.D.
Silent famous Environmentalist Dr Ajay Malik also lives here nearby a small village named Isharnagar.
Other nearby places 
The popular hill station of Kasuali is a 30 minute drive from the Panchkula bus stop.
Chaki Mod is a site with a natural spring for bathing.
The Timber Trail has a cable car ride to the top of a hill with a view of Panchkula and Chandigarh. Also situated on the top of the hill is a resort and recreational activities.
Gurudwara Nada Sahib 
The Gurudwara Nada Sahib is in Panchkula on the bank of Ghagar river. Guru Gobind Singh along with his victorious army stayed at this place on returning after glorious victory in the Battle of Bhangani. Nadu Shah a follower of Guru Gobind Singh welcomed and served him and his followers with food and milk.Guru ji blessed Nadu Shah and said that due to his services, the place would be known by the name of Nada Sahib.
Tens of thousands of devotees visit the Gurudwara on the full moon day (Pooranmashi) of every month.
The place remained obscure until Bhai Motha Singh, who belonged to a village nearby, discovered the sacred spot and raised a platform to perpetuate the memory of the Guru's visit. Nothing more is known of the devout Motha Singh nor of the date of the establishment of the Manji Sahib, except that the shrine was under the Dharmarth Board of Patiala and East Punjab States Union in 1948 and was taken over by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee after the merger of the state with the Punjab in 1956. Since then several new buildings have been constructed. The original Manji Sahib has been replaced by a doublestoreyed domed structure, with a large rectangular meeting hall adjacent to it. A spacious brickpaved courtyard separates these buildings from the complex comprising the Guru ka Larigar and rooms for pilgrims. The holy flag flies atop a 105 feet (32 m) high staff on one side of the courtyard, near the site of the old shrine. Religious gatherings and community meals take place every day. The full moon day every month is celebrated as a festive occasion attended by a large number of people from the northern region.
A spacious new building is constructed now by SGPC along with huge three storey parking and Langar Hall.
A new museum covering Sikh history is being established at Nada Sahib.
Mansa Devi Temple 
The Mansa Devi's Temple was built by Maharaja Gopal Singh, the ruler of Manimajra in 1815 A.D. The temple is very popular among patrons, for the Goddess is believed to grant boons in keeping with her name Mansa Devi. Fairs are held in its vicinity during the holy days of Navratra when devotees throng in lacs to pay obeisence to Her. It also now has a larger temple adjoining it built by the Maharaja of Patiala. Haryana Tourism operates a yatrika called Jatayu at this location.
Cactus Garden 
The National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Centre is Asia’s largest outdoor landscaped cacti and succulents garden. It is situated at Sector - 5, Panchkula.
Its collection of Indian succulents is considered the largest in the world. The chief architect of the garden is Dr J.S. Sarkaria. He donated a large collection of cacti and succulent plants. The main aim of the garden is to preserve and conserve this endangered species. Some of the endangered species found here includes a complete collection of Genus Caralluma of Indian origin. With over 2500 species of cacti and succulents, this unique garden attracts a large number of tourists as well as botanists. The cacti and succulents are also known for its medical values.
The Cactus Show is a major show organized at the Cactus Garden. It is usually conducted in the month of March, every year. People from all over the region visit it.
Chandimandir Cantonment 
Cantonment is practically a part of the Chandigarh Tricity. Chandimandir Cantonment is a military station of the Indian Army, generally referred to as Chandimandir Cantonment, located in Panchkula district, at the foot of the Sivalik Hills adjoining Panchkula city, in the state of Haryana, India. It is the headquarters of the Western Command of Indian Army. It is among the few modern Military Stations built in Independent India and not having a starting history dating back to the British Indian Army.
Terminal ballistic research laboratory Chandigarh/Panchkula
After the end of Second World War, new generation weapons and warheads were introduced in the armed forces worldwide. These weapon systems were based on critical technologies, which preceded the weapon development program. To keep pace with these new technological developments, strong need was felt to create the indigenous base for setting up specialized instrumented facilities and range technologies essential for the evolution of critical data essential for design, development & evaluation of warheads and advanced weapon systems. Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory, Chandigarh/Panchkula was thus formed in 1961 as one of armament research laboratory, under the Department of Defense Research & Development with an aim to provide facilities for applied research and technology
Chandigarh Metro 
The main motivation for the setting up of Chandigarh Metro is that the population of Tricity . Road network is enough for now but main travel corridors are beginning to become congested. Travel speeds are declining on the major roads which have limited scope of widening. Parking is assuming critical dimensions in Tricity . Parking facilities need to be augmented substantially. Hence there is a need for an alternative mode of transportation to reduce the congestion of parking spaces.
Proposed Metro Route 
In the first phase, a 37.573 km metro rail network will be built of which 23.468 km will be elevated and 14.105 km underground. Corridor I will run from north to south. It will start near Capitol Complex and will go up to Mohali. Corridor II, also known as East West Corridor, will start from Sector 21, Panchkula and reach up to Mullanpur.
Sector 5 Panchkula 
Sector 5 has some commercial shops, as well as parks and theatres, it has Yavanika, an open air amphitheatre, Indradanush,an theatre, Vatika a garden with a water body as well as an eating joint. Adjoining this is a musical fountain park that is illuminated by coloured lighting in the dark. Main police station of Panchkula & Main Bus Stand of Panchkula is also situated in sector five. Sector - 5 has vast number of government offices also including HAFED, CBSE (Regional office), Haryana state board of technical education and many more .
Ramgarh Fort 
The Fort Ramgarh has a 360-year history. Its rulers were Chandel Rajputs who came to the plains from Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh. They were descendants of Chandel dynasty whose empire extended over the entire Central India from 800 to 1182 A.D.
Educational institutes 
Schools in and around Panchkula include:
- The British School, Panchkula
- The Scholars Public School, NH-73, Mouli, Panchkula
- Hallmark Public School, Sector - 15
- Shemrock Smiles prep. School, Disha Arcade, Panchkula
- DAV English Medium Model Senior Secondary School, Sector - 8
- St. Soldier Divine Public School, Sector - 16
- St. Teresa Convent School, Sector - 25
- Hansraj Public School, Sector - 6
- Saupin's School, Sector 9
- D C Model School, Sector - 7
- M.R.A. School, Sector 7
- Manav Mangal School, Sector - 11
- Little Flower Convent School, Sector - 14
- New India Sr.Sec School, Sector - 15
- Chaman Lal D.A.V Public School, Sector - 11
- Satluj Public School, Sector - 2,4
- Sarthak School, Sector - 12
- St. Xavier's High School, Sector - 20
- St. Xavier's Junior School, Sector - 20
- Bhavan Vidyalaya, Sector - 15
- The Nurtuary Preschool, Peer Muchalla (Adj. Sector - 20 Panchkula)
- Kendriya Vidalaya No.1  Chandimandir Cantonment
- Kendriya Vidalaya No.2  Chandimandir Cantonment
- Army Public School, Chandimandir Cantonment
- Jitendra Public School, Sector-1
- Government College, Sector - 1
- Government College for girls, Sector - 14
- Swami Devi Dyal Group Of Institutes, Barwala
- Panchkula Engineering College
- B.R.S. Dental College, Barwala
- Industrial Automation Training Centre (IATC)Sector - 14
- Sharp Web Developers Pvt. Ltd. (Royale Estate, Zirakpur)
- Bella Vista Hotel, Sector - 5
- Ramgarh Fort, Ramgarh
- KC Cross Road, Sector - 10
- North Park, near Nada Sahib
- Pallavi, Sector - 5
- Pallavi West, Sector - 16
- Parbhat Inn, Sector - 10
- Red Bishop, Sector - 1
- Shiraaz, Sector - 5
- Shiraaz, Sector - 10
- Western Court, Sector - 10
- Red Bishop Tourist Complex, Sector - 1
- Fame Cinemas,Shalimar Mall, Sector - 5
- Fun Cinemas, Fun Republic Mall, Manimajra
- KC, Sector - 5
- Suraj, Sector - 1
District administration 
- The Deputy Commissioner or the DC, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service, is the overall in-charge of the General Administration in the district. The DC is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Haryana Civil Service and other Haryana state services.
- The Deputy Commissioner of Police or the DCP, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, is responsible for maintaining Law & Order and related issues in the district. The DCP is assisted by the officers of the Haryana Police Service and other Haryana Police officials.
- The Deputy Conservator of Forests or the DCF, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, is responsible for the management of the Forests, Environment and Wild-Life in the district including the Morni-Pinjore Forest Division. The DCF is assisted by the officers of the Haryana Forest Service and other Haryana Forest officials and Haryana Wild-Life officials.
- Sectoral development is looked after by the district head/officer of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers are from various Haryana state services.
- Command Hospital, Chandimandir Cantonment
- Government General Hospital, Sector - 6
- Saket Hospital, Sector - 1
- Alchemist Hospital, Sector - 21
- Phoenix Hospital & Diagnostic Centre, SCO 8, Sector - 16, Panchkula-134109
- Dhawan Hospital, Sector - 5
- Panckhula Welfare Trust Charitable Diagnostic Centre, MDC, Panchkula
- Raffels Hospital, Sector - 14
Hill stations nearby 
See also 
- List of RTO districts in Haryana (India)
- Saupin'S School, Panchkula
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