Panchkula

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Panchkula
पंचकुला
city
Yagya Shala, within the Mansa Devi temple complex
Yagya Shala, within the Mansa Devi temple complex
Nickname(s): Chandigarh Tricity
Panchkula is located in Haryana
Panchkula
Panchkula
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°48′E / 30.74°N 76.80°E / 30.74; 76.80Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°48′E / 30.74°N 76.80°E / 30.74; 76.80
Country  India
State Haryana
District Panchkula
Area
 • Total 816 km2 (315 sq mi)
Elevation 365 m (1,198 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 210,175
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 134 109 - 134 114
Telephone code 91-172
Vehicle registration HR-03, HR-68, CH-01
Website panchkula.nic.in

Panchkula (Hindi: पंचकुला़) is a planned city in Panchkula district, Haryana, India. It forms part of a metropolitan area with the Union Territory of Chandigarh and the city of Ajitgarh in Punjab state. The city hosts the Chandimandir Cantonment, the headquarters of the Western Command of the Indian Army. The estimated population of Panchkula, in 2006, was 200,000. Panchkula is surrounded by Himachal Pradesh in the north and east, Punjab and Chandigarh Union Territory in the west and by Ambala district in the south and east. Panchkula district shares borders with Chandigarh, Ajitgarh, Solan and Ambala districts.

Etymology[edit]

The word Panchkula is derived from the local words panch (Sanskrit: पंच) (five) and kula (Sanskrit: कुला) (canals), possibly referring to five irrigation canals that distribute water from the Ghaggar-Hakra River.

History[edit]

Geography and climate[edit]

Panchkula district has a sub tropical continental monsoon climate having, hot summers, cool winters, good monsoon rainfall. It has great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 43 °C). Sometimes winter frost occurs during December and January. The district also receives winter rains from the western disturbance. The rainfall is mostly received in the monsoon. Morni hills constitute the highest point of the district as well as of Haryana. The Ghaggar is the only perennial river, which is very shallow outside of the monsoons.

Generally the slope of the district is from north east to south west and in this direction, most of the rivers/streams rainfed torrents flow down and spread much gravel and pebbles in their beds. Only the Sirsa river, in Kalka Tehsil, flows towards northwest. The soils in the district are mainly light loam.

The underground water in the district is generally fresh and suitable for domestic and irrigation purposes. The underground water level is generally high in the southern parts and low in north and northeast which is hilly tract. The district lies in the Himalayas boundary fault zones and earthquakes of moderate to high intensity have occurred in the past.

A street in Sector 17

Demographics[edit]

Education[edit]

  • Satluj Public School, Sector 4, Panchkula (Senior Wing)[1]
  • Satluj Public School, Sector 2, Panchkula (Junior Wing)[2]
  • The British School, Panchkula
  • The Scholars Public School,[3] NH-73, Mouli, Panchkula
  • Hallmark Public School,[4] Sector - 15
  • Bhavan Vidyalaya School, Sector 15, Panchkula [5]
  • St. Soldier Divine Public School,[6] Sector - 16
  • Saupin's School, Sector 9[7]
  • M.R.A. School, Sector 7[8]
  • The Nurtuary Preschool (Adj. Sector - 20 Panchkula)[9]
  • Kendriya Vidalaya No.1,[10] Chandimandir Cantonment
  • Kendriya Vidalaya No.2,[11] Chandimandir Cantonment
  • Panchkula Engineering College[12]

Hotels[edit]

  • Bella Vista Hotel,[13] Sector - 5
  • Red Bishop Tourist Complex,[14] Sector - 1
  • Gymkhana Clubs - Sector 6 , 3 and MDC
  • KC Hotel & Spa (Offering 5-star accommodation in Panchkula City)
  • The Golden Tulip

Cinemas[edit]

Commercial & IT[edit]

Elegant and extraordinary work culture now has a heavenly address Panchkula smart Zone - New high tech ventures, including biotech, information technology and advanced manufacturing can access a host of services to grow a business. A Business Accelerator Center serves as a one-stop shop to help transfer technology to product development.

Notable People from Panchkula[edit]

  • Sardar Anjum, Indian Poet and Philosopher, Padma Bhushan and Padam Shri

Healthcare[edit]

  • Prakriti Brain Nerve Centre House No 29, Sector 8, Panchkula[15]
  • Phoenix Hospital & Diagnostic Centre, SCO 8, Sector - 16, Panchkula-134109[16]
  • Panckhula Welfare Trust Charitable Diagnostic Centre, MDC, Panchkula[17]
  • Raffels Hospital, Sector - 14[18]
  • Alchemist [19]

Tourist attraction[edit]

  • Kaushalya Reservoir Lake
  • Pinjor Gardens or Yadavindra Gardens
  • Nada sahib
  • Mansa devi
  • Cactus Garden (Asia's biggest garden devoted to rare and endangered species of Indian succulents)
  • Morni Hills
  • Kali Mata Mandir, Kalka
  • Tau Devi Lal Sports complex
  • 18 hole golf course

Himalayan Expressway[edit]

Drive on Himalayan Expressway is a wonderful experience through Shivalik hills and this experience becomes more beautiful with clouds around these hills. Drive on Himalayan Expressway is like a surprise for folks who have been driving in planes and suddenly chip into the Shivalik hills.


Average temperature[edit]

  • Spring: The climate remains the most enjoyable part of the year during the spring season (from February-end to early-April). Temperatures vary between (max) 13 °C to 20 °C and (min) 5 °C to 12 °C.
  • Autumn: In autumn (from September-end to mid November.), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. Temperatures usually remain between 10° to 22° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 6 °C.
  • Summer: The temperature in summer (from Mid-April to June-end) may rise to a maximum of 40 °C. Temperatures generally remain between 30 °C to 39 °C (94 – 101F).
  • Monsoon: During monsoon (from early-July to mid-September), Panchkula receives moderate to heavy rainfall and sometimes heavy to very heavy rainfall (generally during the month of August or September). Usually, the rain bearing monsoon winds blow from south-west/south-east. Mostly, the city receives heavy rain from south (which is mainly a persistent rain) but it generally receives most of its rain during monsoon either from North-west or North-east. Maximum amount of rain received by the city of Panchkula during monsoon season is 195.5 mm in a single day.
  • Winter: Winters (November-end to February-end) are mild but it can sometimes get quite chilly in Panchkula. Average temperatures in the winter remain at (max) 5 °C to 14 °C and (min) -1 °C to 5 °C. Rain usually comes from the west during winters and it is usually a persistent rain for 2–3 days with sometimes hail-storms.

[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]