A pandal is fabricated structure, either temporary or permanent, in a religious ceremony, for example a wedding. It is derived from (Tamil: பந்தல்) (pandhal).
In Hinduism, it is a temporary structure set up to venerate the god Ganesha during Ganesh Chaturthi or the goddess Durga during Durga Puja, known as puja pandal.
In Sri Lanka, Vesak thorang pandals are set up during the Vesak festival, with illuminated panels illustrated with episodes from the life of the Gautama Buddha. Pandals are also set up during Gammaduwa (village rebirth) festivals, honouring the goddess Pattini.
Pandal (မဏ္ဍပ် or mandat in Burmese, from Pali mandapa) also refers to platforms from which people splash water during the new year celebrations of the Thingyan festival.
A pandal can also be a ceremonial gate, built to welcome visitors.