Pandanus spiralis

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Pandanus spiralis
Pandanus spiralis.jpg
Pandanus spiralis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Pandanales
Family: Pandanaceae
Genus: Pandanus
Species: P. spiralis
Binomial name
Pandanus spiralis

Pandanus spiralis is native to northern Australia. It is commonly called screw pine, pandanus palm or screw palm despite being neither a true palm,[1] nor a pine.

Distribution[edit]

Pandanus spiralis occurs in Queensland, The Northern Territory and the extreme north of Western Australia.

It is found growing in the wild in northern West Bengal and Sikkim regions of India.

The plant is most commonly found growing along watercourses or coastal fringes and dune systems.[2]

Description[edit]

P. spiralis is shrub or small tree up to 10 metres in height. It has long, spiny leaves organised in a spiral arrangement. The plant bears a large, pineapple-like cluster of fruit that turn orange-red when ripe.


Wildlife including birds take advantage of the spiny leaves by living in the tree for protection. They also favor its fruit.

Uses[edit]

P. spiralis' leaves can be used to weave neckbands and armbands.[3] The fibre of the leaves can be used as string for dillybags.[4] Other uses include baskets, mats, and shelters.[5] In addition, mashed leaves can be used to cure headaches when tied around the head.[6] The Burarra people use the plant to make fish traps.[7]

Humans can extract the fruit's seeds, grinding them into flour.[8]


Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Screw Palm". Australian Trees. Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  2. ^ "Pandanus spiralis" (in German). Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  3. ^ "Pandanus armband". Uw Oykangand and Uw Olkola Multimedia Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2006-02-06. Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  4. ^ "Pandanus". Uw Oykangand and Uw Olkola Multimedia Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  5. ^ "Pandanus". PhotographyTips.com. Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  6. ^ "screw palm". Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  7. ^ "New Page 1". Top End Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2006-11-22. 
  8. ^ "Flora and Fauna". Archived from the original on 2006-08-20. Retrieved 2006-11-22.