Pandari Bai

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Pandari Bai
Born 1930
Pathal, Bhatkal, Mysore State, British India
Died 29 January 2003 (aged 72–73)
Chennai, India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Actress
Years active 1943–2000
Parents Ranga Rao (father)
Kaveri Bai (mother)
Relatives Leelavathi (sister),
Mynavathi (sister)

Pandari Bai Kannada: ಪಂಡರೀ ಬಾಯಿ (1930 – January 29, 2003) was a prominent actress of South Indian languages films mostly in Kannada and Tamil during the 1950s and 60s. She is considered Kannada cinema's first heroine.[1] She has the distinction of having acted as both heroine and mother to stalwarts such as Rajkumar and Sivaji Ganesan. She was the heroine in Rajkumar's debut movie Bedara Kannappa and also Sivaji's debut movie Parasakthi.[2][3][4] She has acted in over 1,000 films in Kannada, Telugu and Tamil.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Bhatkal, Karnataka, in present Uttara Kannada in a Marathi speaking family. Her father was a drawing master and a Harikatha exponent, and also a stage actor. He taught her the art of Harikatha, thus even before she was ten year old, Pandari started giving Harikatha performances.

Career[edit]

Pandaribai began her career in acting in plays based on mythological stories before making her film debut in 1943 with the Kannada language film, Vani. She shot to fame after appearing in the hugely successful 1954 Kannada film Bedara Kannappa opposite another future star Rajkumar. In the film, she played the role of Neela, wife of Kanna (played by Rajkumar), a hunter. She established herself as a lead actress portraying a woman with a 'progressive' image assuming the burdens of a feudal patriarchy in films such as Sant Sakhu (1955) and Rayara Sose (1957).[1] In 1959, she appeared in Abba Aa Hudugi, with her sister Leelavathi. The film is considered a landmark in Kannada cinema.[6]

She went to act in around 1,500 films in other languages like Tamil, Telugu, and Hindi and enjoyed a long career span of nearly half a century. Her first film in Tamil "Parasakthi" directed by the duo directors Krishnan-Panju in the year 1952, where she paired with Sivaji Ganesan was a grand success. She played lead roles in many movies and then switched over to character roles.

Later in her career Pandari Bai played the mother of stars older than her, most of whom had played the lead with her in her earlier years.[7] She also played as mother to actors like M. G. Ramachandran in Tamil and Rajesh Khanna in Hindi in the 1970s.

Pandari Bai also acted in a couple of Kannada TV serials Amma and Manethana (1998–2000). Both of them were produced by her sister Mynavathy's company Yantra Media.

Filmography[edit]

  • This is partial filmography of Pandari Bai. Kindly help expand it.
Year Title of the film Language Role
1943 Vani Kannada
1944 Haridas Tamil
1947 Bhakta Gora Kumbhara
1949 Bahar Hindi Malti
1950 Raja Vikrama
1951 Ek Tha Raja
Marmayogi Tamil
1952 Parasakthi Tamil
1953 Gumasta
Gunasagari
Pardesi
Poongothai
Thirumbi Paar
1954 Andha Naal Tamil Usha, wife of Rajan
Bedara Kannappa Kannada
Manohara
1955 Sodari
Bhakta Mallikarjuna
Sant Sakhu
Vadina Telugu
1956 Bhakta Vijaya
Hari Bhakta
Kula Deivam
Renuka Mahatme
1957 Bhabhi Hindi Shanta
Rayaran Sose
Sati Nalayini
1958 Anbu Engay
Panchayat
1959 Alli Petra Pullai
Aval Yar
Chand
Abba Aa Hudugi
Engal Kula Daivi
Grihalakshmi
Naalu Veli Neelam
Nattukoru Nallavan
Paigham Hindi Parvati Ratan Lal
Pathirai Matru Thangam
1960 Anbukkor Anni
Bhakta Shabari
Irumbu Thirai Tamil
Ivan Avanethan
Kurvanji
Pavai Vilakku
Raja Bhakti Tamil Princess Devasena
Thanthaikupin Thamayan
1964 Thaayin Madiyil Tamil Parvathi
1965 C.I.D. Telugu Parvathi
1984 Apoorva Sangama Kannada
1987 Shruthi Seridaaga Kannada Mother of Rajkumar
1992 Mannan Tamil Mother of Rajinikanth
1994 Jai Hind Tamil Annai Maria Devi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-135-94325-7. 
  2. ^ "Remembering Pandari Bai". Screen. February 21, 2003. 
  3. ^ "Pandari Bai dies at 73". The Times of India. January 29, 2003. 
  4. ^ "Pandari Bai dead". The Hindu. January 30, 2003. 
  5. ^ "Tribute to Pandari Bai". Deccan Herald. 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  6. ^ "A rousing end planned for H.L.N. Simha's birth centenary fete". The Hindu. 21 July 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Actress who glowed with inner beauty". The Hindu. February 14, 2003. 

External links[edit]