PANDORA is the national web archive for the preservation of Australia's online publications. It was established by the National Library of Australia in 1996, and is now built in collaboration with Australian state libraries and cultural collecting organisations, including the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, the Australian War Memorial, and the National Film and Sound Archive.
The PANDORA archive collects Australian web resources, preserves them, and makes them available for viewing. Access to the archive is made available to the public via the Pandora web site. Web sites are selected based on their cultural significance and research value. Each participating institution selects websites based on its own criteria relating to the overall mission of that institution.
There is no legal deposit provision in the Australian Copyright Act 1968 for digital format publications so that permission is sought from publishers before a web site can be copied to the PANDORA archive.
The archival management system called PANDAS (PANDORA Digital Archiving System) is used to add a title into PANDORA. This was developed and is maintained by the National Library of Australia. The latest version is PANDAS 3 which was deployed in mid-2007.
The first two titles were downloaded in October 1996. By June 1997 the archive contained 31 titles. By 2000, 600 titles had been archived, at which time the website was redesigned. The new site added subject-level access to titles and included documents relating to the PANDORA project. As of February 2008 there were around 17,900 websites/titles within the archive, comprising 2.01 TB of data.
In August 1998 the State Library of Victoria became a participant in adding content. By March 2004 all of the mainland State libraries, the Northern Territory Library, the National Film and Sound Archive, the Australian War Memorial and the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies had become participants. The State Library of Tasmania is not participating in PANDORA, but is running its own project called Our Digital Island.
As of February 2014, there are 37,000 archived titles at 10.68 TB of data. Current information on the size of the archive can be accessed on the Statistics page.
- Internet Archive
- Library of Congress Digital Library project
- National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program
- Web archiving
- "History and Achievements". PANDORA. 18 February 2009.
- "Selection Guidelines". PANDORA. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "PANDORA Digital Archiving System (PANDAS)". PANDORA. 20 February 2009.
- Whiting, Julie (August 2000). "New look marks milestone for PANDORA Tour de Force". National Library of Australia: Gateways. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 17 March 2014.