Pandu Rajar Dhibi
Pandu Rajar Dhibi (Bengali: পাণ্ডু রাজার ঢিপি) is an archaeological site in Ausgram block in the sadar subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was the first Chalcolithic site discovered in West Bengal. The main mound at Pandu Rajar Dhibi is associated with King Pandu mentioned in Mahabharata.
The site was first excavated by B.B. Lal in 1954-57. While Pandu Rajar Dhibi was the first Chalcolithic or Copper Age site to be discovered, a number of other sites have been discovered in an area spread over the districts of Birbhum, Bardhaman, Bankura and Midnapore, and interspersed by rivers Brahmani, Mayurakshi, Kopai, Ajay, Kunur, Damodar, Dwarakesvar, Shilabati, and Rupnarayan.
The excavations at Pandu Raiar Dhibi reveal the non-Aryan origin of the non-brahmin Bengalis. The Copper Age civilisation in eastern India had links with similar civilisation of central India and Rajasthan. In those days the people were capable of building well planned towns with pavements and streets. Agriculture and trade were the mainstays of their economy. It has been suggested that Pandu Rajar Dhibi represents the ruins of a trading township. The people carried out trade not only with interior parts of India but also distant lands such as Crete and the Mediterranean lands. They were predominantly a seafaring people.
The archaeological discoveries at Pandu Rajar Dhibi and the surrounding areas have not yet been properly studied by outside experts and as such the historical value must be regarded as uncertain.
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folklore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp. 125-130, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
- Mukherjee, Shyam Chand. "Pandu Rajar Dhibi". Banglapedia. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2009-05-04.
- Majumdar, R.C., History of Ancient Bengal, 2005 edition, pp. 20-22