Pangkal Pinang

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Pangkal Pinang
Official seal of Pangkal Pinang邦加檳港
Country Indonesia
Province Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Founded 17 September 1757
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 327,167
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 717


Located on the eastern coast of Bangka Island, Pangkalpinang is the island’s largest city and capital of the Province of Bangka-Belitung Islands. Aside from its role as the center of the provincial government, economic, and commercial activities, Pangkalpinang serves as gateway for visitors who wish to explore the enchanting beauty of Bangka and Belitung Islands.

Long known as the center of the tin mining industry, in its heydays Bangka produced some of the best tin ore and tin handicrafts. The tin mining industry drew Chinese workers and their descendants to the island, who brought their culture to root-down on Bangka, thus decorating the city of Pangkalpinang with visible Chinese nuances in its architecture and rituals. But besides its rich cultural heritage, Pangkalpinang also boasts some pristine beaches.

As visitors step down at the Depati Amir Airport, a huge sign welcomes them saying “Welcome to the land of Serumpun Sebalai”. Serumpun Sebalai or Seiya Sekata in Bahasa Indonesia has deep meaning that unity only comes with actions that correspond to speech and promises. More than the Province’s slogan, however, Serumpun Sebalai underscores the spirit that unites the plural society of the islands into one big family. Pangkal or Pengkal in the Malay language means center or beginning. It refers to the city’s role as the center of the tin mining industry. This once small mining town subsequently grew into the island’s commercial center as well as connecting port among all the islands. Pinang on the other hand is the palm tree found abundantly on the island.

To trace the history of tin mining industry on Bangka and Belitung and in Indonesia in general, visit the Indonesia Tin Museum located at Jl. Jendral Achmad Yani no.17 in the heart of Pangkalpinang. Housing various collections on the subject of tin mining, the museum is the only museum of its kind in Asia. The building itself is a heritage of national history since it was once used as venue for a meeting between Indonesian leaders and Dutch representatives for Indonesia’s independence from Dutch colonial powers.

Pangkalpinang also boasts pristine beaches. Located some 7 km from downtown Pangkalpinang, the Pasir Padi Beach offers beautiful scenery of white sand and clear blue ocean waters. The beach is also a perfect site to watch the sun rise in the morning. At ebb tide, visitors can walk to the nearby Punan Island and bathe in its calm waters. Not too far from Pasir Padi Beach, about 2.5 km from here is the Tanjung Bunga Beach which offers beautiful scenery of a flat beach decorated with huge granite rock formations.

Culturally, Pangkalpinang is heavily influenced by Chinese culture.which began around 1770 when Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II of Palembang Darussalam Sultanate invited laborers from China to work at tin mining industries on Bangka and Belitung. Subsequently, Chinese laborers arrived from Siam, Malaka (in present day Malaysia) and the Southern part of China. Most are Hakka (Khek) ethnic descent from the province of Guang Xi in China, The migrants would soon marry locals, since Chinese authorities at the time forbade women from migrating with their men. Their intermarriage and their descendents call themselves: Peranakan Chinese. Therefore, today the Chinese and native Malay ethnic groups form the majority of the population in Pangkalpinang .

As part of the roots of Chinese culture, the Kwan Tie Miaw temple stands beautifully at the Mayor Syarif Rachman Street. Initially called Kwan Tie Bo temple, it is one of the oldest temples on the island and according to inscriptions on the temple’s bell, it is estimated to have been built in 1841. Along with the nearby Mambo market and Singapore Alley, the area is the Chinatown of Pangkalpinang where are often held Chinese traditional ceremonies such as the ritual to repel misfortune called Pot Ngin Bun.


In order to control rich tin mines deposit on eastern Bangka, Dutch colonial move the capital of Bangka Belitung resident from Muntok to Pangkalpinang in 1913.


Pangkalpinang's population was 108,411 in 1990 and has risen to 174,838 at the 2010 Census.[1] The population is mainly Malay who speak "Bahasa Bangkak" (Language), and a big portion of the population consists of Indonesian Chinese, who originally immigrated from Guangdong province of southern China. They are called 'Peranakan' ("Children of the Indies") locally, and they speak a Hakka dialect. But in conversation with another Chinese, they call themselves Thong Ngin (Tang People) and Fan Ngin for local Malay.

Geographic & Climate[edit]

1 Central government and residential areas.

2 Center of trade and industry.

3 Center of social services (education and health) as well as the distribution of goods and services.

4. administrative center of tin mining.

5. Center financial institutions.

As the center of regional development in the Pacific Islands during the development stages of development, Pangkalpinang has undergone some significant progress so as to address the needs of urban land, an area of 31.70 km² has developed into km² 89.40. And at the end of 2007 has grown to be 118.4 km². Areas that had only 4 (four) districts as regional autonomy, in 2000 has grown into 5 (five) districts so that the whole part of the city area is made up of 35 villages Pangkalpinang. And at the end of 2007 increased 1 area again who joined Pangkalpinang until June 2008 status is still the village (village preparation) the Village Selindung.

1.2 State of Nature

a. climate

Climate regions classified as a tropical wet Pangkalpinang type A with an average of 155.4 mm rainfall per month during 2009, the number of rainy days on average 17 days per month in which falls the driest month in July.

b. topography

The topography of the area Pangkalpinang generally undulating and hilly with a height of 20–50 m above sea level, and the slope of 0-25%. Morphologically concave region where the city center is located in a low area.

Hilly areas are clustered in the South West and Pangkalpinang. Some of the main hill is Girimaya Hill and Tower Hill.

Based on the area of Pangkalpinang be detailed land use; no land for rice fields in Pangkalpinang because there are no rice fields in Pangkalpinang. Dry land (yards, gardens, fields, meadows, woods, cultivated land while no) area reached 9.746 acres, next to other land (not planted marshes, ponds and fields) area reached 2,049 hectares.

c. State Public Land and Geology

Soil in the area have Pangkalpinang average pH below 5, the soil type Podzolik Red yellow, Regosol, Gleisol and Organosol, which is the weathering of the host rock. While on a small area of swamp land type associations and Glayhumus Hydromorf Alluvial and Gray Young Regosol derived from the deposition of sand and clay. Such circumstances are less suitable land to grow rice, but still allows for Crops planted. In the suburbs, the Tunu Old Village district. Gerunggang and Air Itam Village district. Bukit Intan potential produces pepper and rubber.

d. Hydrology

In the region there are several rivers Pangkalpinang, in general, small rivers that exist in this region bermuaran Rangkui river. In addition there is also a river stream Rangkui Pedindang in the South, where both the main channel of the river serves as the city dumps rain water that flows into the River Baturusa and ends in the South China Sea. These rivers in addition to functioning as a river transport infrastructure of the market and continue to Baturusa river to the sea.

e. Flora and Fauna

In the region Pangkalpinang dominant plant species is Pepper, Rubber and Coconut are located along the North-East, on the banks of the South China Sea. Rumbia Sago plants also contained in some places. Especially for Pepper, Coconut and Rubber pembudiyaan need for, and the processing of their crops, so as to obtain optimal results and the need for processing plants. In some places around the East Coast there are crops such as pineapple, banana, durian and duku although not banyak.Untuk forest, in the region towards Kel. Water Duren, around Kel. Tunu old forest remaining rubber and pepper. In addition there are some pepper and coconut plantations in the coastal areas Pasir Padi Beach.


The city is divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[2]

Name Population
Census 2010
Rangkui 39,938
Bukit Intan 43,325
Pangkal Balam 41,055
Taman Sari 13,117
Gerunggang 37,323
Gabek new district ("kecamatan")


Pangkalpinang is one of the major ports on the Karimata Strait. It produces tin, white pepper, fish, copra, marine vessel.

The town has an airport with 2.350 m length and 16 times of Boeing 737 flight from Jakarta and Palembang. Pangkalpinang is connected by paved asphalt roads with other towns on the island. There is one long beach called "Pasir Padi" with natural white sands, some seafood restaurants that delivered fresh seafood with great taste,

There is important household manufacturing weaving, plating, metal-work, carving and basket making.

Notable People[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

External links[edit]