|Native name: Palau Pangkor|
Sunset at a beach of Pangkor
|Location||Strait of Malacca|
|Area||18 km2 (6.9 sq mi)|
Pangkor Island (locally Pulau Pangkor) is a resort island off the coast of Perak, Malaysia. It has a population of approximately 25,000. Nearby islands include Pangkor Laut Island, Talang Island, Giam Island (Pulau Giam) and Mentagor Island (Pulau Mentagor). Major industries of the island are tourism and fishing.
Pangkor Island has a land area of 18km2 and is 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) from Peninsular Malaysia. The interior of the island is forested and is home to 65 reptile species, 17 anphibian species, and 82 total herpetofaunal species.
Historically, Pangkor was a refuge for local fishermen, merchants and pirates. In the 17th century, the Dutch built a fort in an effort to control the Perak tin trade known as the Dutch Fort. In 1874, it was the location of a historical treaty between the British government and a contender for the Perak throne (The Pangkor Treaty), which began the British colonial domination of the Malay Peninsula. The old British name for the Pangkor Island group was the Dindings.
In 2003, Marina Island (a man-made island) was developed by the Marina Island Group of companies and began operation in 2010, with private investment of RM250million by 2013. The integrated mixed development resort island consists of waterfront residential properties, a new jetty called Marina Island Jetty, a private commercial marina called Pangkor Marina Malaysia, service apartments, hotels and shop offices.
2004-2014 was a period of high growth and development for the island and the surrounding district. In 2006, a biotechnology centre, a joint venture of Global Hi-Q Malaysia S/B and Hi-Q Bio-Tech International (Taiwan) Ltd began operations with initial investments of RM100million (USD30m). Their operations include fish farming and aquaculture, and the first harvest was expected in 2009.
Pangkor Island is a three-hour drive from Kuala Lumpur and is accessible through the Simpang Pulai – Lumut 4-lane dual carriage highway and the West Coast Expressway. Buses arrive frequently at the main jettys in Lumut. There are no bridges connecting the island to the mainland because there exists a policy to control the number of vehicles on the island to prevent road congestion.
Public ferries depart Lumut for Pangkor Island from either the old Lumut jetty (40 minutes) or the Marina Island jetty (10 minutes). There are also private ferries available.
Airplanes service the island from Pangkor Airport.
Pangkor is famous for its beaches and mix of accommodations. Popular beaches include Teluk Nipah and Pasir Bogak.Other attractions on the island include the Fu Ling Kong temple, the Kali Amman temple, Batu Bersurat, Tiger Rock, the Dutch Fort (Kota Belanda), the Tombs, and Tortoise Hill. There is also recreational snorkeling on nearby Giam Island.
- United States. Hydrographic Office (1917). Asiatic Pilot: The coasts of Sumatra and the adjacent straits and islands. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- Johan van Rooijen; Chan Kin Onn; L. Lee Grismer; Norhayati Ahmad. "Estimating the herpetofaunal species richness of Pangkor Island, Peninsular Malaysia" (PDF). Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, section Zoological Museum Amsterdam. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- Moore, Wendy. West Malaysia and Singapore. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "High growth in district over the last 10 years". The Star. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "Places to go for day trippers". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pangkor Island.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pangkor Island.|