Panguna

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NASA Landsat image of Panguna, showing tailings runoff.

Panguna is a town and a (now decommissioned) copper mine on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea. By the end of its operations on May 15, 1989 it was the largest open-cut mine in the world; it was also a major catalyst in the unrest in Bougainville in the 1970s and 1980s (environmental poisoning due to leaking mine tailings), including the Bougainville Civil War, which lasted from 1988 until 1998.

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Coordinates: 6°18′55″S 155°29′47″E / 6.31528°S 155.49639°E / -6.31528; 155.49639