Panic Room

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For the physical room this film is named after, see safe room.
Panic Room
Panic Room poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by David Fincher
Produced by Ceán Chaffin
Judy Hofflund
David Koepp
Gavin Polone
Written by David Koepp
Starring Jodie Foster
Kristen Stewart
Forest Whitaker
Jared Leto
Dwight Yoakam
Patrick Bauchau
Music by Howard Shore
Cinematography Conrad W. Hall
Darius Khondji
Edited by James Haygood
Angus Wall
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release dates March 29, 2002 (2002-03-29)
Running time 112 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $48 million
Box office $196.4 million[1]

Panic Room is a 2002 American thriller film directed by David Fincher and written by David Koepp. The film stars Jodie Foster and Kristen Stewart as a mother and daughter whose new home is invaded by burglars, played by Forest Whitaker, Jared Leto, and Dwight Yoakam.

Koepp's screenplay was inspired by news coverage in 2000 about panic rooms. The film was Fincher's fifth feature film, following Fight Club (1999). Fincher and Koepp brought together a crew of people with whom each had worked before. The house and its panic room were built on a Raleigh Studios lot. Nicole Kidman was originally cast as the mother, but she left after aggravating a previous injury. Her departure threatened the completion of the film, but Foster quickly replaced Kidman. The filmmakers used computer-generated imagery to create the illusion of the film camera moving through the house's rooms. Foster became pregnant during the shooting schedule, so filming was suspended until after she gave birth.

The film was commercially released in the United States and Canada on March 29, 2002. It grossed $30 million on its opening weekend. In the United States and Canada, it grossed $96.4 million. In other territories, it grossed $100 million for a worldwide total of $196.4 million. Critics were generally positive or mixed in their reviews. In retrospect, Panic Room has been assessed for its portrayal of childhood and feminism, the elements of video surveillance and diabetes, and its thematic approach to mortality.

Plot[edit]

Recently divorced Meg Altman (Foster) and her 11-year-old daughter Sarah (Stewart) have just purchased a four-story brownstone on the Upper West Side of New York City. The house's previous owner, a reclusive millionaire, installed an isolated room used to protect the house's occupants from intruders. The "panic room" is protected by concrete and steel on all sides, a thick steel door, and an extensive security system with multiple surveillance cameras, a public announcement system, and a separate phone line. On the night the two move into the home, it is broken into by Junior (Leto), the previous owner's grandson; Burnham (Whitaker), an employee of the residence's security company; and Raoul (Yoakam), a ski mask-wearing gunman recruited by Junior. The three are after $3 million in bearer bonds, which are locked inside a floor safe in the panic room.

After discovering that the Altmans have moved in earlier than expected, Junior convinces a reluctant Burnham, who assumed the house was unoccupied, to continue with their heist. As they begin the robbery, Meg wakes up and happens to see the intruders on the video monitors in the panic room. Before the three can reach them, Meg and Sarah run into the panic room and close the door behind them, only to find that the burglars have disabled the telephone. Intending to force the two out of the room, Burnham introduces propane gas into the room's air vents. Raoul, in conflict with Burnham and Junior, dangerously increases the amount of gas. Unable to seal the vents, Meg ignites the gas while she and Sarah cover themselves with fireproof blankets, causing an explosion which vents into the room outside and causes a fire, injuring Junior.

The Altmans make several attempts to call for help, including signaling a neighbor with a flashlight through the opening of a ventilation pipe, but the neighbor ignores it. Meg then taps into the main telephone line and gets through to her ex-husband Stephen (Bauchau), before the burglars cut them off.

When all attempts to get into the room fail, Junior lets slip that there is much more money in the safe than he let on, and gives up on the robbery. About to leave the house, he is shot by Raoul, who forces Burnham, at gunpoint, to finish the robbery. Stephen arrives at the home and is taken hostage by Burnham and Raoul—who severely beats him. To make matters worse, Sarah, who has diabetes, suffers a seizure. Her emergency glucagon syringe is in a refrigerator outside the panic room. After using an unconscious Stephen to trick Meg into momentarily leaving the panic room, Burnham enters it, finding Sarah motionless on the floor. After retrieving the syringe for Sarah, Meg struggles briefly with Raoul, who is thrown into the panic room, his gun knocked out of his hand. As Meg throws the syringe into the panic room, Burnham frantically locks himself, Raoul, and Sarah inside, crushing Raoul's hand in the sliding steel door. Meg, who now has the gun, begs the two intruders over the PA system to give Sarah the injection. After some time Burnham, who has shown no interest in hurting either Meg or Sarah throughout the film, gives Sarah the injection. While doing so, he tells Sarah he did not want this, and the only reason he agreed to participate was to give his own child a better life. After Burnham gives Sarah the injection, Sarah thanks him and he tells Meg that Sarah is now alright.

Having earlier received a call from Stephen, two policemen arrive, which prompts Raoul to threaten Sarah's life. Sensing the potential danger to her daughter, Meg lies to the officers and they leave. Meanwhile, Burnham opens the safe and removes the $22 million in bearer bonds inside. As the robbers attempt to leave, using Sarah as a hostage, Meg hits Raoul with a sledgehammer and Burnham flees. After a badly injured Stephen shoots at Raoul and misses, Raoul disables him and prepares to kill Meg with the sledgehammer, but Burnham, upon hearing Sarah's screams of pain, returns to the house and shoots Raoul dead, stating, "You'll be okay now", to Meg and her daughter before leaving. The police, alerted by Meg's suspicious behavior earlier, arrive in force and capture Burnham, who lets the bearer bonds go; they fly away with the wind.

Later, Meg and Sarah, having recovered from their harrowing experience, begin searching the newspaper for a new home.

Cast[edit]

Actor Role
Foster, JodieJodie Foster ... Altman, MegMeg Altman
Stewart, KristenKristen Stewart ... Altman, SarahSarah Altman
Whitaker, ForestForest Whitaker ... Burnham, Burnham
Leto, JaredJared Leto ... Junior, Junior
Yoakam, DwightDwight Yoakam ... Raoul, Raoul
Bauchau, PatrickPatrick Bauchau ... Altman, StephenStephen Altman

Jodie Foster stars as Meg Altman, a recently divorced woman who, with her daughter Sarah, looks for a new home in New York City. Nicole Kidman was originally cast as Meg,[2] but she left the project due to a knee injury.[3] Foster, who almost joined the cast of Fincher's 1997 film The Game, replaced Kidman. Fincher said Kidman's portrayal was "about glamour and physicality", while Foster's portrayal was "more political". Meg was originally written to be helpless, but with Foster's involvement, the character was revised to be stronger.[4] The casting change also led to Meg's being rewritten to be similar to her daughter, whereas Meg had been different from her before.[4] Foster became pregnant soon after she started filming. She told the filmmakers, and they decided to keep filming her scenes but with a wardrobe that would conceal her pregnancy.[5] Studio executives did not like the dailies and suspended production until Foster gave birth and returned to perform re-shoots.[6] Foster was reportedly paid $12 million for her role.[4]

Kristen Stewart stars as Sarah, Meg's diabetic daughter. Hayden Panettiere was originally cast as Sarah,[2] but when she left the project toward the end of 2000, Stewart was cast in the role.[7] Panic Room was Stewart's second feature film after The Safety of Objects (2001). Stewart was ten years old when she started filming Panic Room and turned eleven during production.[8] When Kidman was cast as Meg, Fincher said Stewart was "to complement [Kidman's portrayal], to be her antithesis, tomboyish, androgynous, dismissive, a teenager at ten years old. It was about the daughter being a parent to her mother."[7] When Foster replaced Kidman, the character Meg was rewritten so she and Sarah would be similar.[4]

Forest Whitaker, Jared Leto, and Dwight Yoakam star as the film's burglars. Whitaker's character Burnham was originally written to be "a slick, technical type" and the designer of the panic room in Meg and Sarah's home. Fincher did not think a designer could be convinced to break into a home, so he rewrote the character to be a blue-collar worker who installs panic rooms for a living. The director told Whitaker to watch Key Largo (1948) and to emulate Humphrey Bogart's character. Whitaker said he liked Burnham's "conflicted" nature and preferred it over Raoul's villainy.[9] Raoul was originally written to be "a giant scary hulking guy", but Fincher rewrote him to be "this wiry, mean kind of ex-con white trash guy".[2] In one revised instance, Raoul punches Meg instead of slapping her to be reinforced as "an appalling character".[10] The role of Raoul was originally offered to Maynard James Keenan, whom Fincher had directed in a music video for A Perfect Circle's "Judith". Keenan was too busy as the lead singer for Tool,[2] so Fincher then offered the role to Yoakam, knowing him from his performance in Sling Blade (1996). For the role of Junior, Fincher cast Leto, who was in the cast of Fincher's previous film Fight Club (1999).[9] As part of atypical class division, Junior is "the uptown rich kid", where Whitaker is blue-collar, and Raoul is undefinable.[11]

Patrick Bauchau had a minor role as Meg's ex-husband Stephen. Kidman, though she left the primary role due to her knee injury, had an uncredited off-screen role as the voice of Stephen's supermodel girlfriend.[5] Screenwriter Andrew Kevin Walker, who was a credited writer for The Game and an uncredited writer for Fight Club, had a cameo in Panic Room as a sleepy neighbor.[12]

Analysis[edit]

Conspiracy thrillers and feminism[edit]

Academic Jyotsna Kapur identifies Panic Room as one of several American conspiracy thrillers in the 2000s that re-cast the subject of childhood as "one of horror and alarm",[nb 1] where it had previously been a subject of celebration in family films dating back to the early 1980s.[13] Kapur also says the depiction of paranoia in the decade's conspiracy thriller is divided by gender. She describes the male protagonist as "an idealized subject who thinks fast on his feet and cuts through fear to find the conspirators". In contrast, the female protagonist "gives in to her fear, turns delusional and vulnerable to suggestion"; Kapur cites Meg Altman in Panic Room as such a depiction with her divorcee status and her residence in a home too big for her and her daughter Sarah. The academic says calling this depiction merely a sexist stereotype is too dismissive: "It is logical that anxieties around the home and loss of children would privilege women because the domestic sphere has remained a gendered space." Kapur recalls 1940s films wherein a woman enters the husband's home as a stranger, with "the house and the husband as sources of dependence and dread".[nb 2] She contrasts them with films like Panic Room, in which the female protagonists instead defend against dangerous intruders. She writes, "They are not economically dependent on the marriage. Yet they portray for most of the film an image of feminized vulnerability, replaying the racist trope of diminutive white women in need of protection from outsider threats."[14]

Medicine and technology as themes[edit]

Panic Room is one of several films at the turn of the 21st century that use video surveillance as a key element.[nb 3] In particular, video surveillance is featured to illustrate aspects of a "surveillance society".[15] The home is wired with a closed-circuit television system, and the images are displayed in the home's panic room. Since the burglars want to access the safe in the panic room where Meg and her daughter Sarah are hiding, there is an irreconcilable contradiction of freedom and safety. Dietmar Kammerer says there is no closed system within the home for the characters: "There is always communication; every action provokes a reaction."[16] In contrast, the film's "camera eye" can travel unimpeded throughout the home, passing through walls. The surveillance footage in the film is never the camera eye; the camera eye itself observes the footage on the monitors. Of the cameras, Kammerer says, they are "Extremely mobile, but unstable: the surveillance technology in Panic Room is useful and harmful, good and evil at once." When the cameras are destroyed, Meg and Sarah are able to overcome the burglars. Kammerer says the cameras reflect ambivalence in the film, between "freedom and security, openness and closedness".[17]

In the film, Sarah is diabetic. Kevin L. Ferguson says, "With diabetes, this self-aware focus on the ethics of the body is drawn sharply by films that also raise the older form of direct, punitive power. This is the reason why diabetics appear with frequency in films involving criminality and law." In a review of nearly forty films with diabetes as a key element,[18] Panic Room is one of the only three that shows a glucometer (a device diabetics use to measure their glucose; Sarah wears a glucometer as a watch.) Sarah's diabetes in the film is never explicitly outlined for audiences, but they hear dialogue about moderating beverage intake and see the glucometer count down. Ferguson says, "The glucometer arranges the viewer's acknowledgement of diabetic selfcare, thus implicating the viewer in the process of control. The pure watchfulness of cinemagoers mimics the controlling relationship diabetic characters must endure."[19] Though mother and daughter bond in the film, the mother actively monitors her daughter's health. Ferguson says, "Panic Room's emphasis on vision and technology necessitates a paternalistic, monitoring attitude towards the diabetic character."[20] He also notes that the glucometer parallels the overarching surveillance system in the film in being read "excessively".[21]

Approach to mortality[edit]

Academic John Kitterman says audiences see Panic Room as a way to confront their fears and to achieve catharsis, but he argues that the film cannot provide that experience authentically.[22] He notes that the film's protagonist Meg Altman is reminded by the panic room of author Edgar Allan Poe, who wrote several short stories related to premature burial. Kitterman highlights one story, "The Premature Burial", as synonymous with Panic Room.[23] He says, in both works, "It is in the representing or acting out of such fears of being buried alive or being the victim of a home invasion that the protagonist actually calls for that trauma to happen."[24] He says that Meg's nervous recognition of the panic room guarantees that her fear will come to pass.[22] Though the home "looks like a mausoleum", the combination of the panic room's being able to monitor all the rooms and the unbounded movement of the film's camera leads audiences to believe they have some control over confronting their fears.[25] Kitterman says the confrontation is unauthentic because of the function of Jacques Lacan's symbolic order, "We can never find what we are looking for because truth and reality exist on a different plane of discovery... Truth is hidden in the symbolic order, and no panoptical vision is going to reveal it to us."[26] Kitterman says the film hides the truth of mortality, especially by making everywhere in the film visible to audiences. He concludes, "[Fincher] hides the truth behind a veil of visibility, using the camera to create a hegemony of vision that brainwashes us all into believing that what we are seeing is real. But the real of death cannot be symbolized."[27]

Production[edit]

  • Keith Neely – art director
  • James E. Tocci – art director
  • Jon Danniells – set decorator
  • Garrett Lewis – set decorator
  • Michael Kaplan – costume designer
Director David Fincher

Panic Room is directed by David Fincher based on a screenplay by David Koepp. The film, produced at Columbia Pictures, was Fincher's fifth feature film, following Fight Club (1999).[28] Koepp was also a producer for Panic Room, and he was joined by Judy Hofflund and Gavin Polone, with whom he collaborated on Stir of Echoes (1999). Fincher included as producer Ceán Chaffin, with whom he had worked on commercials and music videos. Fincher also included in his initial crew people with whom he had worked before: cinematographer Darius Khondji, production designer Arthur Max, costume designer Michael Kaplan, and editors James Haygood and Angus Wall.[29]

Fincher envisioned Panic Room as a popcorn movie about survival. His previous film Fight Club had 400 scenes and 100 locations, so he wanted to simplify the production of Panic Room.[30] To this end, he wanted to focus production on a single set and to plan the scenes and shots thoroughly before the start of filming. Despite the preparation, he experienced difficulty in production with changes in the cast and the crew as well as the inherent inflexibility of his initial planning.[28]

Development[edit]

Screenwriter David Koepp was inspired by news coverage in 2000 about how safe rooms were becoming prevalent among the wealthy living in urban areas. He sold the script to Sony Pictures for $4 million.[2] Before Fincher's involvement, director Ridley Scott was briefly connected to the project,[29] and actor-director Forest Whitaker studied the script before declining the opportunity to direct.[2] Fincher said he was interested in the script's omniscience and that he was reminded of "the specific subjectivity" of Rear Window (1954).[29] He also saw Panic Room as a cross between Rear Window and Straw Dogs (1971), though he was concerned "a modern audience" would compare Panic Room more to Home Alone (1990) than to Rear Window.[31]

Fincher also saw Panic Room as a crime thriller similar to The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948), where money is "an object that everyone's after for the wrong reasons".[2] The director was also interested in the story's conciseness of happening in one place and in one night,[2] and how the screenplay was well-laid out to let the director decide a variety of shots and use of set-pieces.[32] Fincher also saw the project as a way to be "in lock-step with the audience" in a change of pace from his previous films.[33]

Koepp's screenplay emphasized pace over exposition. Koepp and Fincher agreed to streamline the film so the opening would introduce the characters as soon as possible. Fincher also sought to lay out the film so audiences could see characters make plans and thus be ahead of them, calling the tense foresight "a very cinematic notion".[34] He wanted to track the different characters' agendas and to also keep scenes chronological, so he set up "computer-generated motion-control shots" to move the camera around the set. He planned scenes in which parallel scenes could be seen through the panic room's video monitors and also intercut between different characters.[35] The final screenplay was similar in outline to the original one; there were minor changes in dialogue and specific moments, especially in the interaction between Meg and Sarah Altman due to Foster replacing Kidman.[36] Explicit mention of Sarah's diabetes, such as the emergency syringe containing glucagon, were removed from the dialogue. Careful beverage intake, refrigerated medicine bottles, and Sarah's glucometer watch were intended as evidence of her diabetes.[37]

Pre-production[edit]

The house was built on a soundstage on a Raleigh Studios lot. The set was designed by production designer Arthur Max,[38] and it cost $6 million to build.[6] The panic room was 6 feet (1.8 m) by 14 feet (4.3 m). Three versions of the room were built so Fincher could film scenes from multiple angles.[32] A 3D computer model of the set on the soundstage was designed. Fincher, who had done pre-visualization for Fight Club, used the model to design shots and decide their sequence.[7] The computer model also enabled the camera to have "total freedom to travel" inside the house. Fincher said, "What we were just trying to do with CG was to say, there's no camera operator, there's no crew, there's no track, and the camera can go everywhere."[38] The crew applied photogrammetry—"mapping still images over the surface of computer-generated 'sets'".[12] The filming schedule was also shortened since camera setups could be evaluated and discarded virtually. Fincher had two-thirds of Panic Room's shots planned before the start of filming. Director Steven Soderbergh reviewed Fincher's test footage and warned him that excessive planning would make actual production difficult for him.[7]

Fincher sought to light his film less than most other films; he believed darkness contributed to the scare factor. Entering production, he initially planned to film the first half of the film in near-total darkness but decided that it required too much patience from audiences. Instead, he chose a "shadowy ambience" as a backdrop for Meg and Sarah Altman.[12]

Filming[edit]

Actor Nicole Kidman was originally cast as Meg Altman

Casting began in 2000, and Nicole Kidman and Hayden Panettiere were cast as Meg and Sarah Altman, the film's mother and daughter. Forest Whitaker, Jared Leto, and Dwight Yoakam were also cast as the film's burglars.[2] Before the start of filming, Panettiere left the project, and she was replaced by Kristen Stewart.[7] Filming began in early 2001.[3] Shortly after the start of filming, cinematographer Darius Khondji was fired from the film. Khondji said he was fired after a conflict with a crew member that he did not want to name, but David Fincher said he and Khondji could not agree "on aspects of production".[6] Much of the film was already planned in pre-production, and Khondji could not be given flexibility. Fincher replaced Khondji with Conrad Hall, Jr., with whom he found "a balance".[39] Khondji said he supported Hall as his replacement.[6]

During filming, Kidman was injured on set. An x-ray revealed a hairline fracture underneath one of her knee joints. The fracture was an injury from Kidman's filming of Moulin Rouge! (2001), and the fracture had never fully healed. When Kidman left the project, Fincher continued filming scenes that did not include her character. During the same time of Kidman's departure, the Writers Guild of America and the Screen Actors Guild were threatening to strike over contractual disputes, so Fincher was pressured to re-cast the role of Meg Altman before it took place. Since the film was early in production, Fincher was ready to shut down, but the studio wanted to continue production and find a replacement. If the studio had shut down production permanently, it would have collected $3 million from insurance. If production was shut down then restarted, it would cost the studio $10 million, necessitating a quick replacement for Kidman.[3] Rumored actors included Sandra Bullock, Angelina Jolie, and Robin Wright. Jodie Foster was previously occupied with directing duties of Flora Plum before its star Russell Crowe was injured and left the project, leading to that production's shutdown.[3] To join Panic Room, Foster also stepped down as head of the awards jury at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival.[40][nb 4] Foster had a week to prepare for her role before filming resumed.[4]

Five weeks after Foster began filming Panic Room, she learned she was pregnant. She informed Fincher and his producer Chaffin of her pregnancy, and they decided to continue filming. Fincher did not want to rush production, so Foster changed her wardrobe from a tank top to a heavy sweater to disguise indications of her pregnancy. For action scenes, stunt double Jill Stokesberry replaced Foster.[5]

In the film's progression, the house degrades in quality, so Fincher filmed scenes in continuity as the set changed.[5] He also filmed many sequences twice due to their near-parallel appearance on the panic room's video monitors.[41] Editor Wall said there were 2,073 set-ups for the film with most set-ups having two cameras.[42] One repeated take was when Raoul attempts to break into the panic room through the plaster ceiling below it. The plaster took 45 minutes to replace, so combined with repeated takes, a scene that was an eighth of a page in the script took two days to film.[32] Another repeated take was one five-second shot being filmed over a hundred times: Meg being attacked by Raoul and dropping Sarah's medical kit. The shot was repeated so it would look like Meg did not toss the kit but instead lost it. Simultaneously, the kit needed to land in frame and in focus for the audience. Fincher argued for repeated takes so he could combine performances by the actors for "fluid" scenes. He also repeated takes with Stewart to ensure that her acting would be comparable to Foster's veteran performance.[41]

The studio planned to release Panic Room in February 2002, but it determined that production could not be completed by then.[41] Executives reviewed dailies of the film's opening scene and did not like Foster "hiding her stomach under a coat and purse".[6] (Foster was also suffering from a sprained hip from distended ligaments due to her pregnancy.)[41] The studio suspended production until after Foster's childbirth and re-scheduled for the film to be released in March 2002. Foster gave birth in September 2001, and she returned to perform re-shoots, including the opening scene. She also returned two months later for additional filming.[6] Filming was completed in November 2001.[43] Columbia Pictures screened the film for test audiences, who rated poorly the ending with the SWAT raid and Burnham's capture. By the screening, the set had been deconstructed due to storage costs, and Fincher estimated that it would cost $3 million to rebuild enough of the set to reshoot the ending. Instead, editors Haygood and Wall revisited Burnham's scenes and chose takes where the character would appear less sympathetic. The final production budget for Panic Room was $48 million.[6]

Visual and practical effects[edit]

A seamless shot at the beginning of Panic Room took nine days to film on set but took several months to complete in post-production. The shot was a combination of camera footage and computer-generated effects. Koepp originally wrote the opening scene to be a series of shots that would zero in on the brownstone house, but Fincher instead chose a sequence of landmarks in New York City with credits hovering in front of them before the sequence transited seamlessly to introduce the film's main characters.[44] The opening titles were inspired by those seen in The Trouble with Harry (1955) and North by Northwest (1959).[31]

The scene of Burnham's arrest also used computer-generated effects. Several scenes also involved practical effects: Junior's injuries from a flaming gas burn and Stephen Altman's bloodied, beaten self. A team of puppeteers was used to move Stephen's sticking-out collarbone. Fincher also sent the film reel to be digitally color-corrected as he had done for Fight Club and Seven.[45]

Theatrical run[edit]

Columbia Pictures marketed Panic Room as being produced by the same director who produced Seven and Fight Club. Fincher disagreed with the approach because he believed that Panic Room did not match the tone of his previous two films and that it would not appeal to the same audiences. He believed Panic Room would appeal more to audiences who saw Kiss the Girls (1997) and The Bone Collector (1999). He also disagreed with the studio's marketing materials for Panic Room, which advertised it as "the most terrifying movie ever made". Fincher also argued with the studio about the poster design, which he believed reflected the film's themes, and the studio relented in publishing Fincher's poster.[46]

Panic Room had its world premiere on March 18, 2002 in Los Angeles, California.[47] Fincher refused to edit the film to receive a PG-13 rating (parental guidance for children under 13) from the Motion Picture Association of America,[43] so the MPAA gave the film an R rating (restricted to filmgoers at least 17 years old) for violence and language.[48] It was commercially released in the United States and Canada on March 29, 2002. It was screened in 3,053 theaters and grossed $30 million on its opening weekend.[1] It ranked first at the box office,[nb 5] and for both actor Jodie Foster and director David Fincher, the opening weekend gross was a personal best to date.[49] It also had the biggest Easter holiday opening to date and the third biggest opening to date for a non-supernatural thriller film, following Hannibal (2001) and Ransom (1996).[50] According to CinemaScore, which polls audiences, Panic Room received a "B" grade.[51] The audience demographic was 53% female and 47% male, and 62% of audience members were aged 25 years and older.[49]

In the film's second weekend (April 5–7) in the United States and Canada, it ranked first again with $18.2 million, competing mainly with the new release High Crimes.[52] The film went on to gross $96.4 million at the U.S. and Canadian box office and $100 million in other territories' box offices for a worldwide total of $196.4 million.[1] The film was Fincher's second highest-grossing to date after Seven (1995),[43] which grossed $327.3 million worldwide.[53] In the United States and Canada, Panic Room ranks fifth among David Fincher's films in box office gross. Adjusted for inflation, Panic Room ranks third. Worldwide, unadjusted for inflation, it ranks fifth.[54]

Critical reception[edit]

Critics called Panic Room "a high-tension narrative". They compared the film to the works of Alfred Hitchcock, both positively and negatively. Several critics thought the film was too mainstream after Fincher's Fight Club.[55] Rotten Tomatoes reported that 76% of 181 sampled critics gave the film positive reviews and that it got a rating average of 6.9 out of 10.[56] Metacritic sampled 36 reviews from mainstream critics and identified 23 as positive and 13 as mixed. Based on the reviews, it assigned a weighted average score of 65 out of 100.[57] Rotten Tomatoes reported of the critics' consensus: "Elevated by Fincher's directorial talent and Foster's performance, Panic Room is a well-crafted, above-average thriller."[56]

Joe Morgenstern, reviewing for The Wall Street Journal, said, "'Seven' was stylishly gloomy, and 'Fight Club' was smarmily pretentious, while 'Panic Room' has been admirably stripped down to atmosphere as a function of architecture, and action as a consequence of character." Morgenstern commended the characters Meg and Sarah as feminist heroines and also called the home invaders "intriguing". He also applauded Foster's performance and the film's cinematography. He said of the writing, "Mr. Koepp's script has it all worked out too, but with surprising success and variety, given the constricting dimensions of the field of action."[58]

Film critic Roger Ebert described Panic Room as close to "the ideal of a thriller existing entirely in a world of physical and psychological plausibility." Ebert wrote, "There are moments when I want to shout advice at the screen, but just as often the characters are ahead of me." The critic called Fincher "a visual virtuoso," writing, "He's also a master of psychological gamesmanship, and most of the movie will bypass fancy camerawork for classical intercutting between the cats and the mice (who sometimes trade sides of the board)." Ebert also applauded Foster's performance as "spellbinding", writing, "She has the gutsy, brainy resilience of a stubborn scrapper, and when all other resources fail her she can still think fast—and obliquely, like a chessmaster hiding one line of attack inside another."[59]

Home media[edit]

Panic Room was first released on VHS and DVD in September 2002. The studio produced VHS copies only for rental and not for sale, believing that owners of DVD players were more likely to buy the film.[60] The studio used the design from the theatrical release poster for the video cover, where Fincher had wanted a black cover that would differ from the poster. Though previsualization supervisor Ron Frankel wanted to include materials to show storyboard animation, the DVD was released as a single-disc edition with no audio commentary or other features. Fincher also chose not to include on the DVD scenes filmed with Nicole Kidman before she was replaced by Jodie Foster.[55] In its first week, the film ranked second in DVD sales after Monsters, Inc.,[61] though it ranked first in DVD rentals.[62] In April 2004, the studio released a special edition DVD,[63] which consisted of three discs, two which provided featurettes of the pre-production, production, and post-production processes for the film. The DVD also had several commentary tracks, including one by the director.[64] Author John T. Caldwell cites the special edition DVD of Panic Room as an example of demonstrating directorial control to "aesthetically elevate" the film.[65]

Columbia Pictures sold the TV rights for Panic Room to Turner Broadcasting and CBS, who shared the rights over five years. In September 2004, Turner aired the film on channels TBS and TNT for 12 months, and afterward, CBS aired the film three times in an 18-month span. Turner resumed airing Panic Room for 30 months after CBS's turn.[66]

Accolades[edit]

Howard Shore won an ASCAP Award in the Top Box Office Film music category from the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers for his scores for Panic Room and The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers.[67] The Art Directors Guild nominated Panic Room for the Excellence in Production Design for a Contemporary Film award.[68] The Online Film Critics Society Award nominated Panic Room for Best Editing.[69] For acting, Jodie Foster was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Actress.[70] Forest Whitaker was nominated for a Black Reel Award for Best Supporting Actor, and Kristen Stewart was nominated for a Young Artist Award in the Best Performance in a Feature Film – Leading Young Actress category.[citation needed]

Panic Room won an award at the 3rd Golden Trailer Awards for having the Best Horror/Thriller film trailer, beating fellow nominees Signs, Brotherhood of the Wolf, Jurassic Park III, and No Such Thing.[71]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kapur's other examples of such thrillers include: The Good Shepherd (2006), Children of Men (2006), Babel (2006), Syriana (2005), Flightplan (2005), Crash (2004), and The Forgotten (2004).[13]
  2. ^ Such 1940s films include Rebecca (1940), Gaslight (1944), The Two Mrs. Carrolls (1947), Secret Beyond the Door (1948), and Caught (1949).[14]
  3. ^ Kammerer also references the following films: The Truman Show (1998), Enemy of the State (1998), Snake Eyes (1998), The End of Violence (1997), and Lost Highway (1997). He also mentions older examples: Peeping Tom (1960) and The Osterman Weekend (1983).[15]
  4. ^ James Swallow says Cannes festival organizers were reportedly unhappy with Foster's decision to step down and as a result, they removed The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys, which she produced and starred in, from the festival schedule.[40]
  5. ^ Panic Room was one of the weekend's four new releases; the others were The Rookie, Clockstoppers, and Death to Smoochy. However, its main competition was Ice Age, which was in its third weekend and ranked second at the box office.[49]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Panic Room (2002)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Swallow 2007, p. 150
  3. ^ a b c d Swallow 2007, p. 152
  4. ^ a b c d e Swallow 2007, p. 153
  5. ^ a b c d Swallow 2007, p. 154
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Swallow 2007, p. 156
  7. ^ a b c d e Swallow 2007, p. 151
  8. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 161
  9. ^ a b Swallow 2007, p. 162
  10. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 168
  11. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 167
  12. ^ a b c Swallow 2007, p. 163
  13. ^ a b Kapur 2008, p. 44
  14. ^ a b Kapur 2008, pp. 47–49
  15. ^ a b Kammerer 2003, p. 468
  16. ^ Kammerer 2003, p. 471
  17. ^ Kammerer 2003, p. 472
  18. ^ Ferguson 2010, pp. 192–193
  19. ^ Ferguson 2010, pp. 194–195
  20. ^ Ferguson 2010, p. 196
  21. ^ Ferguson 2010, pp. 200–201
  22. ^ a b Kitterman 2003, p. 239
  23. ^ Kitterman 2003, p. 237
  24. ^ Kitterman 2003, pp. 238–239
  25. ^ Kitterman 2003, p. 240
  26. ^ Kitterman 2003, pp. 240–241
  27. ^ Kitterman 2003, p. 241
  28. ^ a b Swallow 2007, p. 145
  29. ^ a b c Swallow 2007, p. 149
  30. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 148
  31. ^ a b Swallow 2007, pp. 168–169
  32. ^ a b c Swallow 2007, p. 159
  33. ^ Swallow 2007, pp. 149–150
  34. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 166
  35. ^ Swallow 2007, pp. 166–167
  36. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 169
  37. ^ Swallow 2007, pp. 169–170
  38. ^ a b Swallow 2007, p. 158
  39. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 157
  40. ^ a b Swallow 2007, pp. 152–153
  41. ^ a b c d Swallow 2007, p. 155
  42. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 160
  43. ^ a b c Swallow 2007, p. 170
  44. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 164
  45. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 165
  46. ^ Swallow 2007, p. 171
  47. ^ Staff (March 18, 2002). "Panic Room Premiere". Life. 
  48. ^ "Panic Room". filmratings.com. Motion Picture Association of America. Retrieved December 14, 2012. 
  49. ^ a b c Fuson, Brian (April 2, 2002). "Holiday weekend red-hot, pushes '02 past $2 bil mark". The Hollywood Reporter 372 (42). 
  50. ^ Gray, Brandon (April 2, 2002). "'Panic Room' Breaks Into the Top Spot, 'Rookie' Hits a Triple". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  51. ^ Karger, David (April 5, 2002). "'Crimes' and Ms. Demeanor". Entertainment Weekly. 
  52. ^ Fuson, Brian (April 9, 2002). "'Panic' leads weekend b.o. as figures keep record pace". The Hollywood Reporter 372 (47). 
  53. ^ "Seven". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 13, 2012. 
  54. ^ "David Fincher Movie Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  55. ^ a b Swallow 2007, p. 172
  56. ^ a b "Panic Room Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  57. ^ "Panic Room reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  58. ^ Morgenstern, Joe (March 29, 2002). "A Strong Jodie Foster Gives 'Panic Room' Its Scary Force". The Wall Street Journal. 
  59. ^ Ebert, Roger (March 29, 2002). "Panic Room". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  60. ^ Ahrens, Frank (October 7, 2002). "Hollywood Sees the Big Picture With DVDs". The Washington Post. "Television commercials urge consumers to 'buy it now on DVD, rent it on video.' That is because Sony made no video copies for sale, guessing that the consumer most likely to buy 'Panic Room' would play it on DVD." 
  61. ^ Staff (September 22, 2002). "Top 10 DVD Sales; For The Week Ending September 22, 2002". DVD News 6 (33): 1. ISSN 1098-2523. 
  62. ^ Staff (September 22, 2002). "Top 10 DVD Rentals; For the Week Ending September 22, 2002". DVD News 6 (33): 1. ISSN 1098-2523. 
  63. ^ Richter, Erin (April 15, 2004). "'Room' to Grow". Entertainment Weekly. 
  64. ^ Vasquez, Josh (April 14, 2004). "Panic Room: Special Edition". Slant Magazine. 
  65. ^ Caldwell, John T (2008). "Prefiguring DVD Bonus Tracks". In Bennett, James; Brown, Tom. Film and Television After DVD. Routledge. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-415-87834-0. 
  66. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (April 16, 2002). "'Panic' ensues at Turner, CBS". The Hollywood Reporter 373 (2). 
  67. ^ Staff (April 30, 2003). "ASCAP Honors Top Film and Television Composers and Songwriters at 18th Annual Gala". ascap.com (American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers). Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  68. ^ "7th Annual Excellence in Production Design Awards". adg.org. Art Directors Guild. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  69. ^ "2002 Awards (6th Annual)". ofcs.org. Online Film Critics Society. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  70. ^ Moriarty (March 6, 2003). "Saturn Award Nominations Announced". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  71. ^ "Winners and Nominees for the 3rd Annual Golden Trailer Awards". goldentrailer.com. Golden Trailers Award. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ellison, James (2002). Panic Room. Robert Hale Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7090-7288-1.  (Novelization based on the screenplay written by David Koepp.)

External links[edit]