Panic and Agoraphobia Scale

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The Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS) is a rating scale developed for measuring severity of agoraphobia with or without panic attacks.[1]

Background[edit]

The Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS) is primarily used for monitoring the efficacy of both medication and psychotherapy treatments of agoraphobia, as well as a screening tool for the disorder. It is available in both self-rated and clinician-rated versions and the scale structure is compatible with DSM-IV and ICD-10 classifications.

Translations[edit]

In addition to the English version, translations are available in many languages, including French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Yiddish, Chinese, Thai, and others.[2]

Scoring[edit]

The total of the score of scale indicates the severity of the disorder. The PAS contains 13 questions (items) based on a five point Likert scale (0 to 4). Two or three items contribute each of five subscales, which cover the spectrum of agoraphobia symptom clusters:

  1. panic attacks
  2. agoraphobic avoidance
  3. anticipatory anxiety
  4. disability
  5. worries about health

Efficacy[edit]

The Panic and Agoraphobia Scale has been shown to be an effective instrument for measuring the severity of agoraphobia and panic attacks, as well as monitoring treatment results.[3][4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bandelow B. Assessing the efficacy of treatments for panic disorder and agoraphobia. II. The Panic and Agoraphobia Scale. Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 1995 Jun,10(2):73-81. PMID 7673659
  2. ^ Bandelow B. (1999) The Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS) Hogrefe & Huber Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88937-216-0
  3. ^ Bandelow B, Broocks A, Pekrun G, et al. The use of the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (P & A) in a controlled clinical trial. Pharmacopsychiatry 2000 Sep,33(5):174-81
  4. ^ Tural U, Fidane H, Alkin T, Bandelow B Assessing the severity of panic disorder and agoraphobia: validity, reliability and objectivity of the Turkish translation of the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (P&A). J Anxiety Disord. 2002,16(3):331-40 PMID12214818