Panicos O. Demetriades
|Born||19 January 1959|
|Institution||Central Bank of Cyprus|
School or tradition
|New Keynesian economics|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge (Ph.D. 1987),
University of Essex (B.A. 1981), (M.A. 1983)
|Contributions||Finance and growth, public and private capital and productivity.|
|Awards||Stephenson Prize in Economics|
|Information at IDEAS / RePEc|
Panicos Onisiphorou Demetriades (Greek: Πανίκος Ο. Δημητριάδης; born 19 January 1959) is a Cypriot economist, who is a European Central Bank Governing Council member and the Governor of the Central Bank of Cyprus from 3 May 2012. Prior to his appointment, he was a Professor of Financial Economics at the University of Leicester.
Panicos was born in Limassol, Cyprus. From 1978 to 1981, he studied economics at the University of Essex where he graduated with first-class honours. He continued his studies at Essex where in 1983 he completed his MA in economics, graduating with distinction. Between 1983 and 1987 he studied for a PhD at Cambridge University under the supervision of Frank Hahn and Hashem Pesaran. The title of his thesis was "Essays on the Costs of Inflation". During his studies at Cambridge Demetriades won the Stephenson Prize in Economics, awarded in recognition of his work on the relationship between the level and variability of inflation.
After obtaining his PhD he worked for 5 years in the Economic Research Department at the Central Bank of Cyprus. In 1990 he left the Central Bank and joined the Department of Economics at Keele University where in 1996 he became Reader in Economics. In 1997 he left Keele and joined South Bank University as Professor of Financial Economics and remained there for 3 years. Since 2000 he has been Professor of Financial Economics at the University of Leicester.
Demetriades’s academic work focuses on the relationship between finance and growth as well as the interactions between public and private capital and productivity. His early work on finance and growth challenged the view that growth in the financial system is, by itself, sufficient to deliver more economic growth and emphasised the importance of good institutions. Moreover, he has shown that, where present, the contribution of the banking sector to growth is more significant than that of equity finance through the stock market. More recent work has challenged widely held views about government owned banks by showing that, far from acting as an obstacle to growth, such banks can actually enhance both financial and economic development. His work on public capital contradicts the ‘crowding out’ argument often used by mainstream economists to justify cuts in public spending and reduce the size of government. Specifically, he shows that public investment can actually promote the productivity of the private sector and stimulate trade, employment and long run growth. In this sense, his work has a distinctly Keynesian flavour, influenced by new Keynesians such as Joseph Stiglitz. Although his work can be classified as macroeconomics, he also utilises both micro-data and micro-econometrics. His academic work has been influential, as evidenced by over 2,500 citations in Google Scholar. According to the RePEc rankings, he is in the top 2% of the world’s most widely read economists.
Apart from his academic work, Demetriades has his own blog which he set up in 2010. The blog deals with various economic policy issues especially those pertinent to the UK, Cyprus and Greece.
Selected academic articles
- 2010 "Political Economy Origins of Financial Development in Europe and Asia", World Development doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.10.001 (with S.Andrianova and C.Xu).
- 2009 "Financial Development and Openness: Evidence from Panel Data", Journal of Development Economics, Vol 89 (with B.Baltagi and S.H.Law).
- 2009 "Government Ownership of Banks, Institutions and Financial Development", Journal of Development Economics, Vol 85( with S.Andrianova and A.Shortland).
- 2005 "Monetary Policy and the Exchange Rate during the Asian Crisis: Identification through Heteroskedasticity", Journal of International Money and Finance, Vol 24(with A.Cipollini and G. Carpole).
- 2003 "International Aspects of Public Infrastructure Investment", Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol 36, No 4(with S.Bougheas and E.Morgenroth).
- 2001 "Financial Restraints in the South Korean Miracle",Journal of Development Economics, Vol 64, No 2, April (with K.Luintel).
- 2001 "Financial Development and Economic Growth: the Role of Stock Markets", Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Vol 33, No 1(with P.Arestis and K.Luintel).
- 2000 "Intertemporal Output and Employment Effects of Public Infrastructure Capital: Evidence from 12 OECD Economies", The Economic Journal, Vol 110, No 465 (with T. Mamuneas).
- 1999 "Infrastructure, Transport Costs and Trade", Journal of International Economics, Vol 47, No 1(with S.Bougheas and E. Morgenroth).
- 1997 "The Direct Costs of Financial Repression: Evidence from India", The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol 79, No 2(with K.Luintel).
- 1997 "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Assessing the Evidence", The Economic Journal, Vol 107(with P.Arestis).
- 1996 "Does Financial Development Cause Economic Growth: Time Series Evidence from 16 Countries", Journal of Development Economics, Vol 51, No2(with K.Hussein).