Pashto: پنجشېر ولايت
A view of a valley in the Panjshir Province of Afghanistan in 2009
Map of Afghanistan with Panjshir highlighted
|Coordinates (Capital): Coordinates:|
|• Governor||Keramuddin Keram|
|• Total||3,610 km2 (1,390 sq mi)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AF-PAN|
Panjshir (Persian: پنجشیر, literally "Five Lions", also spelled as Panjsher) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeastern part of the country. The province contains seven districts, 512 villages, and between 146,100 to 300,000 settled and nomadic people. Panjshir became an independent province from neighboring Parwan Province in 2004. Bazarak serves as the provincial capital.
The territory was ruled by the Khanate of Bukhara between the early 16th century and the mid-18th century. It was given to Ahmad Shah Durrani by Murad Beg of Bukhara after a treaty of friendship was created in or about 1750, and became part of the Durrani Empire. It was ruled by the Durranis followed by the Barakzai dynasty, and was untouched by the British during the 19th century Anglo-Afghan wars.
It remained peaceful until the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan at which point the Mujahideen, under Burhanuddin Rabbani and Ahmad Shah Massoud, began a rebellion against the Soviet-backed government of Afghanistan.
After the collapse of the central Afghan government in 1992 and the Taliban takeover of Kabul, Panjshir, along with Badakhshan Province, served as a staging ground against the Taliban government in the late 1990s. By 2000, the Taliban captured the area and on September 9, 2001, Ahmad Shah Massoud was assassinated reportedly by two al-Qaeda members. Two days later the September 2001 attacks took place in the United States, and Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda were blamed. When the United State's request to hand over bin Laden and expel all al-Qaeda members was rejected by the Taliban, the United States Armed Forces along with others invaded Afghanistan and began a new war. Many people from Panjshir began moving to Kabul since then. Some have returned while others stayed.
Containing the Panjshir Valley, in April 2004 Panjshir District of Parwan Province was turned into a province under the Karzai administration. The Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) established bases. In the meantime, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) also established bases, a US-led Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) began operating in Panjshir in late 2000s. As of 2012, security in the province is maintained by the Afghan National Police and the Afghan National Army.
Politics and governance
The current Governor of the province is Keramuddin Keram. His predecessor was Haji Bahlol. Bazarak is the capital of Panjshir province. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are handled by the Afghan National Police (ANP). A provincial Police Chief is assigned to lead both the ANP. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabull. The ANP is backed by the military, including the NATO-led forces.
The population of Panjshir Province is approximately 300,000, which includes about 146,100 settled people and the large number of Kuchi nomads who inhabit the province seasonally. According to the Naval Postgraduate School, the ethnic groups of the province are as follows: Tajik, Hazara, Nuristani and other minority groups. Dari (Afghan Persian) is the dominant language in the province. All inhabitants are followers of Islam, with majority being Sunni while the Hazaras are mostly Shias (Shiites).
Population by districts
|District||Capital||Population||Area||Number of villages|
|Anaba||c. 65,000||164 km2||31|
|Bazarak||Bazarak||c. 65,000||378 km2||29|
|Dara||c. 85,500||709 km2||134|
|Khenj||c. 110,000||688 km2||154|
|Paryan||c. 43,902||1270 km2||67|
|Rokha||c. 45,000||144 km2||72|
|Shotul||c. 18,000||55 km2||23|
Places of interest
- The tomb of Ahmad Shah Massoud, known as the "Lion of Panjshir", is located in Bazarak.
- Football stadium in Panjshir Valley, next to the Panjshir River
Notable people from Panjshir
- Ahmad Shah Massoud
- Mohammed Fahim
- Bismillah Khan Mohammadi
- Amrullah Saleh
- Professor Ghulam Mohiuddin Dareez
- Nasiruddin Dareez
- "Settled Population of Panjsher province by Civil Division, Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13". Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Central Statistics Organization. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "Panjshir Province" (PDF). Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "Panjshir Province". Government of Afghanistan and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- Onaba District (Re-elected)
- Bazarak District (Re-elected)
- Dara District (Re-elected)
- Khenj District (Re-elected)
- Pariyan District (Re-elected)
- Rukha District (Re-elected)
- Shotol District (Re-elected)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Panjshir Province.|
||Baghlan Province||Takhar Province||Badakhshan Province|
|Parwan Province||Nuristan Province|
|Kapisa Province||Laghman Province|