Canalised Panke River in Berlin-Gesundbrunnen
|Origin||Bernau bei Berlin|
|Mouth||Berlin-Spandau Ship Canal (North Panke)
|Length||29 km (18 mi)|
|Source elevation||36 m (118 ft)|
|Mouth elevation||33 m (108 ft)|
|Avg. discharge||0.53 m³/s|
|Basin area||252 km2 (97 sq mi)|
It is 29 km (18 mi) in length with its source in the northeast of Bernau bei Berlin. The headwaters were overbuilt with the construction of the Berlin–Szczecin railway in 1842, today the Panke waters leak beneath the railroad embankment. The river flows southwestwards parallel to the railway line through the Bernau town centre and reaches the municipal border with Panketal, underpassing the Bundesautobahn 11.
South of Panketal, the river crosses the border of Brandenburg with Berlin, where it traverses the Pankow borough from north to south, running through the locality of Buch, where it underpasses the Bundesautobahn 10 (Berliner Ring) and forms the border with the Berlin locality of Karow and the western border of Karow and Blankenburg with Französisch Buchholz. Joined by the Schmöckpfuhlgraben ditch the Panke runs between the Pankow and Niederschönhausen localities through the gardens of Schönhausen Palace and passes Majakowskiring.
The final stretches of the lower Panke run through Berlin's inner city districts of Gesundbrunnen and Wedding, where it is canalised and partly underground. Pedestrian walkways run alongside the river -or near it- for lengthy stretches. Nowadays it has two mouths, a northern one into the Nordhafen port of the Berlin-Spandau Ship Canal, and another, considerably smaller one directly into the Spree River in Mitte close to the Berliner Ensemble theater. The Mitte section in the rear of the former Stadion der Weltjugend (site of the future Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) headquarters) is currently renaturated as an urban park component.
Media related to Panke at Wikimedia Commons