Pankow (locality)

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Berlin-Pankow redirects here: For the district see Pankow. For the station see Berlin-Pankow railway station.
Pankow
Quarter of Berlin
Gymnasium Pankow
Gymnasium Pankow
Coat of arms of Pankow
Coat of arms
Pankow  is located in Germany
Pankow
Pankow
Coordinates: 52°34′09″N 13°24′12″E / 52.56917°N 13.40333°E / 52.56917; 13.40333Coordinates: 52°34′09″N 13°24′12″E / 52.56917°N 13.40333°E / 52.56917; 13.40333
Country Germany
State Berlin
City Berlin
Borough Pankow
Founded 1230
Area
 • Total 5.66 km2 (2.19 sq mi)
Population (2008-06-30)
 • Total 55,854
 • Density 9,900/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes (nr. 0307) 13187, 13189
Vehicle registration B

Pankow (German pronunciation: [ˈpaŋkoː]) is a locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the district (Bezirk) of Pankow. Until 2001 it was an autonomous district with the localities of Karow, Niederschönhausen, Wilhelmsruh, Rosenthal, Blankenfelde, Buch and Französisch Buchholz.

History[edit]

The village of Pankow is named after the small Panke river, a tributary of the Spree. The settlement was first mentioned in a 1311 deed by the Margraves of Brandenburg, though the "Four Evangelists" fieldstone church had already been erected about 1230. In 1691 Elector Frederick III acquired the neighbouring Schönhausen Palace from the heirs of General Joachim Ernst von Grumbkow, which promoted the development of the Pankow village.

In the 19th century Pankow had grown due to industrialization and turned into a suburb - and popular day trip destination - of Berlin. It was finally incorporated by the Greater Berlin Act of 1920. During the period 1949-1990 it was considered, also with neighbouring Niederschönhausen, the most important quarter of East Berlin, due mainly to the fact that Schönhausen Palace was chosen as the presidential residency of East Germany [1]

Geography[edit]

Pankow is situated in the south-western side of its district. It borders the localities of Niederschönhausen, Französisch Buchholz, Karow, Heinersdorf, Weissensee, Prenzlauer Berg and Gesundbrunnen. Between 1961 and 1990, the Berlin Wall passed through Pankow (in East Berlin) and Gesundbrunnen (in West Berlin.

Transportation[edit]

The locality is served by the Berliner S-Bahn lines S1, S2, S25, S85; by the U-Bahn line U2, and by several lines of tramway.

Photogallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Pankow at Wikimedia Commons