Panling lanshan (襴衫) - scholars' and students' formal wear
Lanshan (襴衫) is the traditional Chinese attire for men. It is a formal attire worn by scholars and students (生員) taking the imperial examination in Ming Dynasty. It is wide sleeved, has black edges, and has a round collar secured with a button. A crossed-collar undergarment must be worn beneath it. It may or may not have side slits (with side panels (暗擺) to conceal the undergarment). It has been worn since the Tang Dynasty.