Panna district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Panna, India.
Panna district
पन्ना जिला
District of Madhya Pradesh
Location of Panna district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Panna district in Madhya Pradesh
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
Administrative division Sagar
Headquarters Panna, India
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Khajuraho
Area
 • Total 7,135 km2 (2,755 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,016,028
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 66.08 per cent
 • Sex ratio 907
Major highways NH 75
Website Official website

Panna district is a district of the Sagar Division, within the Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Panna is the district headquarters.

History[edit]

Panna district was created in 1950, shortly after Indian independence, from the territory of several former princely states of British India, including the states of Panna, Jaso, most of Ajaigarh, and a portion of Paldeo. Panna District was part of the new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 1956.

Geography[edit]

Panna district lies between 23° 45' and 25° 10' north latitudes and 79° 45' and 80° 40' east longitudes.[1] It has an area of 7,135 km2.[2]

The Ken River flows through the district. The Pandav Falls and the Gatha Falls are located in the district. Panna National Park is a major tourist attraction in the district.[3]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Panna one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Divisions[edit]

Gram panchayats under Panna district[edit]

This intermediate subdivisions are also called block,[5] intermediate panchayat,[6] tehsil[7] or tahsil.[7] Inside Panna district, there are the following five subdivisions:

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Panna District has a population of 1,016,028,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[9] or the US state of Montana.[10] This gives it a ranking of 442nd in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 142 inhabitants per square kilometre (370 /sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.62%.[8] Panna has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 66.08%.[8]

Languages[edit]

Among Panna's languages is Bundeli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi[11] (compared to 60% for German and English)[12] and is spoken by about 7 800 000 people in Bagelkhand;[11] and Bharia, a Dravidian language spoken by at least 200 000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.[13]

Economy[edit]

Panna district is famous for its diamond mines located in a belt of about 80 km across the Panna town.[2] In olden days the most productive mines were located in the village of Sukariuh.[14] Nowadays, Majhagaon is the only active diamond mine in Asia.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Panna district map". Maps of India. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Panna District". india9. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  3. ^ "Panna – a city of diamonds". Panna district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c National Habitation Survey 2003: LIST OF QUALITY AFFECTED HABITATIONS
  6. ^ Village Panchayat Names of AJAIGARH
  7. ^ a b State elections 2008 candidates
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est." 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Montana 989,415" 
  11. ^ a b M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagheli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  12. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "English". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  13. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bharia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  14. ^ Streeter, Edwin W. "Precious stones and Gems". The Indian Diamond. George Bell & Sons (1898). Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  15. ^ "Panna Diamond Mines". Subh Yatra. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°43′12″N 80°10′48″E / 24.72000°N 80.18000°E / 24.72000; 80.18000