Panography, or Joiners, is a photographic technique in which one picture is assembled from several overlapping photographs. This can be done manually with prints or by using digital image editing software.
Panographs may resemble a wide-angle or panoramic view of a scene, similar in effect to segmented panoramic photography or image stitching. A panograph is distinct because the overlapping edges between adjacent pictures are not removed; the edge becomes part of the picture. Panography is thus a type of photomontage and a sub-set of collage.
Artist David Hockney is an early and important contributor to this technique. He called his photographs "joiners". his group were called the hockney joiners and he still paints and photographs joiners today
- Hockney on Photography: Conversations with Paul Joyce (1988) ISBN 0-224-02484-1