Panola County, Texas

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Panola County, Texas
Panola County, TX Courthouse IMG 2946.JPG
The Panola County Courthouse in Carthage
Map of Texas highlighting Panola County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1846
Seat Carthage
Largest city Carthage
Area
 • Total 821 sq mi (2,126 km2)
 • Land 802 sq mi (2,077 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (52 km2), 2.4%
Population
 • (2010) 23,796
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.panola.tx.us
The Panola County Heritage Museum in downtown Carthage
The Sammy Brown Library in Carthage serves patrons throughout Panola County.
The Panola Watchman newspaper office was first published in 1873 in Carthage by Tom M. Bowers (1837-1916), a Confederate veteran who earlier printed the Carthage Banner.

Panola County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 23,796.[1] The county seat is Carthage.[2] Located in East Texas, the name of the county is derived from a Native American word for cotton.

Up to 2013, Panola County was one of approximately thirty[3] entirely dry counties in the state of Texas, which means that the sale of alcohol was restricted or prohibited. In 2013 local options for alcohol sales were added to the November election ballots and passed, permitting the sale of beer and wine in stores and the sale of mixed beverages at restaurants.

History[edit]

Panola County was formed in 1846 from sections of Harrison County and Shelby County. It was named after a Choctaw/ Chickasaw word for cotton.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 821 square miles (2,130 km2), of which 802 square miles (2,080 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.4%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,871
1860 8,475 118.9%
1870 10,119 19.4%
1880 12,219 20.8%
1890 14,328 17.3%
1900 21,404 49.4%
1910 20,424 −4.6%
1920 21,755 6.5%
1930 24,063 10.6%
1940 22,513 −6.4%
1950 19,250 −14.5%
1960 16,870 −12.4%
1970 15,894 −5.8%
1980 20,724 30.4%
1990 22,035 6.3%
2000 22,756 3.3%
2010 23,796 4.6%
Est. 2012 24,020 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1850-2010[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 22,756 people, 8,821 households, and 6,395 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 10,524 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.78% White, 17.67% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 1.87% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 3.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,821 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,909, and the median income for a family was $37,595. Males had a median income of $31,333 versus $19,017 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,439. About 11.60% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Major Highways[edit]

The TTC-69 component (recommended preferred) of the planned Trans-Texas Corridor goes through Panola County.[9]

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Panola County:

There is also Panola College, a junior college, which has operated in Carthage since 1947.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.tabc.state.tx.us/local_option_elections/index.asp
  4. ^ Handbook of Texas Online - PANOLA COUNTY
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ TxDoT, TTC Section E, Detailed Maps 1 & 2, 2007-12-21

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°10′N 94°19′W / 32.16°N 94.31°W / 32.16; -94.31