Panopea (genus)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Temporal range: Cretaceous–Recent
Panopea zelandica.JPG
Panopea zelandica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Myoida
Family: Hiatellidae
Genus: Panopea
Ménard, 1807

10, see text

Panopea is a genus of large marine bivalve molluscs or clams in the family Hiatellidae.[1] There are 10 described species in Panopea.[1] Many of them are known under the common name geoduck. The fossil record of the genus dates back to the Cretaceous (and maybe the Triassic).[2]



  1. ^ a b Serge Gofas (2012). P. Bouchet, S. Gofas & G. Rosenberg, ed. "Panopea Ménard, 1807". World Marine Mollusca database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved February 21, 2012. 
  2. ^ Paleobiology Database: Panopea
  3. ^ Vadopalas B., Pietsch T. W. & Friedman C. S. (2010). "The proper name for the geoduck: resurrection of Panopea generosa Gould, 1850, from the synonymy of Panopea abrupta (Conrad, 1849) (Bivalvia: Myoida: Hiatellidae)" (PDF). Malacologia 52 (1): 169–173. doi:10.4002/040.052.0111. 
  4. ^ Rocha-Olivares, A., L. E. Calderon-Aguilera, E. A. Aragón-Noriega, N. C. Saavedra-Sotelo, and V. M. Moreno-Rivera (2010). "Genetic and morphological variation of Northeast Pacific Panopea clams: evolutionary implications". Journal of Shellfish Research 29 (2): 327–335. doi:10.2983/035.029.0207. 
  5. ^ Powell A. W. B. (1979). New Zealand Mollusca. Auckland, New Zealand: William Collins Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-00-216906-1. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Panopea at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Panopea at Wikispecies