Panorama of London

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The city of London has long been a subject for panoramas by artists, mapmakers, and topographers. Many of their works have this as their title.

The earliest topographical drawings preceded maps according to modern definition, although they were mainly based on surveys or multiple drawings reduced to a (fairly) consistent perspective, as it is clearly impossible for them to have been produced from any single real viewpoint, unlike modern photographic panoramas. Wenceslaus Hollar's 1647 Long View of London from Bankside is an exception. Projected from a single viewpoint it resembles the perspective of a modern panoramic photograph.

Amongst the earliest known is that drawn Wyngaerde, produced around 1543, and here shown in 19th-century printed copies.

Wyngaerde's "Panorama of London in 1543"
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Others include Van Visscher's of 1616:

A panorama of London by Claes Van Visscher, 1616. Old St Paul's had lost its spire by this time. The two theatres on the foreground (Southwark) side of the Thames are The Bear Garden and The Globe. The large church in the foreground is St Mary Overie, now Southwark Cathedral.

Wenceslaus Hollar's of 1647:

Long View of London from Bankside, a panorama of London by Wenceslaus Hollar, 1647. This panorama is notable for being rendered all from one viewpoint.

Many modern panoramic photographs of London exist, from many different viewpoints:

A panorama of modern London, taken from the Golden Gallery of Saint Paul’s Cathedral
Panorama of London taken from Greenwich Park
Panorama of London taken from the top of the Monument
Panorama of London at night facing Tower Bridge