Panpulmonata

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Panpulmonata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata

Jörger et al., 2010[1]

Taxonomic subdivisions

See text

Panpulmonata is a taxonomic clade of snails and slugs in the clade Heterobranchia within the clade Euthyneura.[1]

Panpulmonata was established as a new taxon by Jörger et al. in October 2010.[1]

The scientific meaning of the name "Pulmonata" and the corresponding major feature of those animals being "air-breathers" surely are not applicable to the novel panpulmonate groups Acochlidia, Sacoglossa and Pyramidelloidea, but also not for traditional pulmonate taxa such as Siphonarioidea or Hygrophila, most members of which lack permanently air-filled lungs.[1] The term Panpulmonata has been chosen by Jörger et al. (2010) for continuity in terminology.[1]

Panpulmonata consist of following taxa:[1]

Cladogram[edit]

This cladogram shows phylogenic relations within the Heterobranchia, as proposed by Jörger et al. (2010):[1]

Heterobranchia

"Lower Heterobranchia" (including Acteonoidea) - Lower Heterobranchia is not considered a clade in the study by Jörger et al. (2010):[1]


Euthyneura

Nudipleura



Euopisthobranchia

Umbraculoidea





Runcinacea




Anaspidea



Pteropoda





Cephalaspidea s.s.




Panpulmonata


Siphonarioidea



Sacoglossa






Glacidorboidea




Amphiboloidea



Pyramidelloidea






Hygrophila




Acochlidiacea


Eupulmonata

Stylommatophora




Systellommatophora




Ellobioidea




Otinoidea



Trimusculoidea













See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates CC-BY-2.0 text from the reference.[1]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jörger K. M., Stöger I., Kano Y., Fukuda H., Knebelsberger T. & Schrödl M. (2010). "On the origin of Acochlidia and other enigmatic euthyneuran gastropods, with implications for the systematics of Heterobranchia". BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 323. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-323.