National Pantheon of Venezuela

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National Pantheon of Venezuela
Panteón Nacional de Venezuela.JPG
Details
Year established 27 March 1874
Location Caracas
Country Venezuela
Coordinates 10°30′46″N 66°54′45″W / 10.5129°N 66.9126°W / 10.5129; -66.9126Coordinates: 10°30′46″N 66°54′45″W / 10.5129°N 66.9126°W / 10.5129; -66.9126
Type Public
Owned by Venezuelan government

The Panthéon (Latin Pantheon,[1] from Greek Pantheon, meaning "Temple of all the Gods") is a building on the northern edge of the old town of Caracas, Venezuela. It was built as a church but is now a final resting place for national heroes. The entire central nave is dedicated to Simón Bolívar, with the altar's place taken by the hero's bronze sarcophagus, while lesser luminaries are relegated to the aisles. The national pantheon's vault is covered with 1930s paintings depicting scenes from Bolívar's life, and the huge crystal chandelier glittering overhead was installed in 1883 on the centennial of his birth.

Santísima Trinidad Church, 1874
Old facade of the National Pantheon, 1912
Cenotaph of Francisco de Miranda
Cenotaph of Antonio José de Sucre
Monument to José Antonio Páez
Cenotaph of Andrés Bello
Monument to José María Vargas
Monument to Santiago Mariño
Monument to José Gregorio Monagas
First Republic Monument
Federation´s Monument

List of people who are buried at the Pantheon[edit]

The following personalities in the preceding list are not buried in the Pantheon because their remains have not been found, but it has been decreed by the Venezuelan authorities they should be:[2]

The following person is not buried in the Pantheon but an empty tomb is kept there, next to Simon Bolivar's in the hopes that his remains will return to his homeland:

Monuments[edit]

Bolívar´s Apotheosis by Tito Salas
Entrance of the National Pantheon

Central Nave

  • Monument to Simón Bolívar by Pietro Tenerani.

Right Nave

  • Monument to the First Republic by Hugo Daini.
  • Monument to José Gregorio Monagas by Julio Roversi.
  • Monumento to the Federation by Juan Bautista Sales Ferré.

Left Nave

  • Monument to José Antonio Páez by José Pizzo.
  • Monument to Rafael Urdaneta by Pietro Ceccarelli.
  • Monument to José María Vargas by Franco Bianchinni.
  • Monument to Santiago Mariño by Manuel de la Fuente.

Cenotaphs[edit]

  • Cenotaph in honor of Francisco de Miranda by Julio Roversi.
  • Cenotaph in honor to Antonio José de Sucre by Juan Bautista Sales Ferré.
  • Cenotaph in honor to Andrés Bello by Manuel de la Fuente.

Works of Tito Salas[edit]

  • Alegoría de la libertad de los esclavos.
  • Apoteosis del Libertador. (1942)
  • Bolívar en el Chimborazo.
  • Bolívar y Humboldt en París.
  • El ascenso al Cerro de Potosí el 26 de octubre de 1825.
  • El tiempo graba el nombre de Bolívar para la posteridad.
  • Entrada triunfal de Bolívar a Caracas después de la Batalla de Carabobo en 1821. (1935)
  • Coat of arms of the City of Caracas (1942)
  • Escudo de la familia Bolívar. (1942)
  • Coat of arms of Venezuela (1942)
  • Fundación de Caracas. (1939)
  • Inspiración del istmo de Panamá.
  • Juramento de Bolívar en el monte Sacro.
  • La noche de Casacoima.
  • La Santísima Trinidad. (1933)
  • 1842 Transfer of the remains of the Liberator from La Guaira to Caracas. (1934)
  • Unión, Unión.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rarely Pantheum. it is 5 meters high. This rare usage appears in Pliny's Natural History (XXXVI.38) in describing this edifice: Agrippae Pantheum decoravit Diogenes Atheniensis; in columnis templi eius Caryatides probantur inter pauca operum, sicut in fastigio posita signa, sed propter altitudinem loci minus celebrata.
  2. ^ Panteón Nacional, Miriam Morillo, http://www.simon-bolivar.org/bolivar/panteon_nacional.html

References[edit]

  • BLANCO, EDUARDO and MANUEL LANDAETA ROSALES. 1975: “Centenario del Panteón Nacional ”. Editions of the Presidency of Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • CASTILLO LARA, LUCAS GUILLERMO. 1980: “El Panteón Nacional ”. Centauro. Caracas –Venezuela.
  • DÍAZ SÁNCHEZ, RAMÓN. 1964 “El Panteón Nacional: guía para el visitante”. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • LANDAETA ROSALES, MANUEL. 1896: “El Panteón Nacional”. Imprenta Colón, Caracas – Venezuela.
  • SCHAEL GUILLERMO JOSÉ. 1985: “Caracas ciudad que no vuelve”. 4th Edition. Gráficas Armitano C. A. Caracas - Venezuela.
  • STOLK, ÉDGAR. 1980: “Apuntes para la historia del Panteón Nacional”. Ediciones Centauro. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • ZAWISZA, LESZEK. and GONZÁLEZ, JAVIER JOSÉ. 1995: “Panteón Nacional”. Dictionary of History of Venezuela. Polar Foundation. Caracas – Venezuela.