|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
|Panvel, Navi Mumbai.
पनवेल, नवी मुंबई.
|— suburb —|
|• Body||City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra (New Panvel); Panvel Municipal Council [PMC] (Panvel)|
|• Head of PMC||Charusheela Gharat|
|• Total||24 km2 (9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||28 m (92 ft)|
|• Density||15,644/km2 (40,520/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||410206/ 410217/ 410208|
|Vehicle registration||MH 46 /MH 04/ MH 43/ MH 06|
|Civic agency||City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra (New Panvel (E) and (W)); Panvel Municipal Council (Old Panvel))|
Panvel is the most populated city in Raigad district in Maharashtra, India. Panvel is also known as the gateway of Konkan region. It is located in Navi Mumbai, Raigad district and is just across the Thane district border. Panvel is the starting point of the Mumbai-Pune Expressway.
Panvel is situated on the banks of Panvel Creek.
Panvel is the largest and most populated city in Raigad district. The city is the headquarters of the Panvel sub-division of Raigad district, which is the largest in the district as per number of villages (564) and also Panvel taluka which has 177 villages under it. The development authority of Panvel is the Panvel Municipal Council (PMC) and that of New Panvel is City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). The villages of Panvel come under the purview of Raigad Zilla Parishad.
Panvel is about 300 years old, developed around trade routes (both land and sea), during the Mughal rule and hence after by the Marathas, British and the Portuguese. Once upon a time Panvel was famous for it's rice market. Panvel Municipal Council (PMC) was established in the year 1852, and is the oldest municipal council of Maharashtra. Panvel Municipal Council elections started in the year 1910. The first mayor of the PMC was Mr. Yousuf Noor Mohammed Master for the year 1910 - 1916. The sesquicentennial anniversary (150th anniversary) of the PMC was celebrated in the year 2002. The city prospered and grew due to the influence of large scale trade by land and sea. This was characterised by the large palace-like homes that came up during the Peshwai period. It is also said that old name of this city was Paneli (Panelim in Konkani). There were historic cannons (during the time of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj) situated on Panvel port.
New Panvel 
The recent developments of Panvel are in New Panvel. New Panvel is developed, administered, and maintained by CIDCO. Though residents of New Panvel elect a representative in the Panvel Municipal Council, the Municipal Council does not control or manage any administrative or development activity in New Panvel.
The development of New Panvel was initiated in 1970 to meet the housing requirements of employees working in the nearby industrial MIDC areas such as Taloja, Rasayani, Patalganga & Pen.
New Panvel is strategically located on the eastern side of the Mumbai-Bangalore National Highway (NH-4) and the Mumbai-Pune Expressway. It is well connected to rest of India by road and railway.
New Panvel is divided in two parts – New Panvel East and New Panvel West (commonly known as Khanda Colony). They have 19 and 23 sectors respectively.
New Panvel is just adjacent to the proposed Navi Mumbai International airport. A Reliance SEZ is also coming up in the vicinity. It has a number of schools, colleges and hospitals to meet the needs of its residents.
Panvel is surrounded by some major Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) managed regions like Patalganga, Taloja, Nagothane, Roha, Khopoli. Some of the Indian industry majors like Larsen & Toubro Limited, Reliance, Hindustan Organics Chemicals Ltd., ONGC, IPCL are based around Panvel providing mass employment. The JNPT port is also located near Panvel. New SEZ declared by government are coming around Panvel.
Tourist places around Panvel 
Between Pen and Panvel lies the Karnala fort. At the bottom of the fort there is a bird sanctuary. Karnala is 65 km away from Mumbai, 120 km away from Pune and 13 km away from Panvel. The sanctuary is around 25 m above mean sea level, while the fort itself is 370 m above mean sea level. Maharashtra government declared this 4.5 km region as the bird sanctuary in 1968-69. Rich with natural habitats for various kinds of birds, in the sanctuary one can find around 150 species of birds. One can watch for red vented Bulbul, Indian grey Hornbill, Owl, Paradise Fly Catcher.You can also visit the Gadeshwar dam during the monsoon when the dam overflows.You can reach ther by entering New Panvel and via the Sukhapur -Nere road.The villages and farms with the Matheran hills on the background are a treat to watch.people who love trekking can reach Matheran from the Nere route. Panvel is also famous for watermelon.
Bet El Synagogue: The one of the only synagogue in the Panvel is one of the most well known religious place where both Jews and Non Jews do visit, is today's well known tourist place and is the part of the Indian heritage and tourist place.
Two of the eight Ashtavinayak temples of the Ganesha are close to Panvel, Ballaleshwar at (Pali) and Varadvinayak at Mahad near Khopoli. There is a NMMT bus no. 58 from Vashi to Khopoli which halts at Mahad.
Panvel is an important junction point as many major highways meet and pass through the city. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, Sion-Panvel Expressway, NH 4B and NH 17 start from here while NH 4 passes through Panvel. Roads of New Panvel are maintained by CIDCO while those in old Panvel by PMC. New Panvel, being developed by CIDCO, has well planned and wide lane major roads and even the arterial roads are of two lanes. Old Panvel has relatively less maintained roads which are very congested due to lack of planning on part of the PMC.
The Navi Mumbai International Airport, which is to come up around the Panvel-Kopra area, would be built through public-private partnership (PPP) — with private sector partner getting 74% equity while Airport Authority of India (AAI) and Maharashtra government through CIDCO holding 13% each. The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has already given techno-feasibility clearance to the Navi Mumbai airport and central cabinet has cleared it. The project is at global tendering stage.
Panvel railway station is one of the most important junctions on the Konkan Railway. Harbour line from Mumbai CST, central line from Diva / Karjat, western freight corridor from JNPT and the konkan railway line from Mangalore meet at Panvel. Panvel railway station comes under Mumbai division of central railway. Panvel is the terminating station of Mumbai railway's harbour line. Also, Konkan railway connecting Mumbai to south India passes through Panvel. Platforms 1,2,3 & 4 are for suburban trains while platforms 5,6 & 7 are for main line trains. 9 pairs of daily express trains, 13 pairs of non-daily express trains and 12 daily commuter (passenger) trains stop here. Also, the Ernakulam-Nizamuddin Duronto has a technical halt at Panvel for crew change, refuelling and catering. In addition, Panvel handles 116 suburban trains which go to destinations Mumbai CST, Wadala Road, Andheri and Thane. The station also handles a sizeable amount of freight trains. Panvel is a very major station and is considered equivalent to Mumbai for trains which skip Mumbai. The trains run on diesel traction and alternating current (the tracks to konkan are not electrified south of Panvel), and Panvel is a refueling point for their locomotives. In addition to refueling, Panvel has a huge number of parcel bookings, and most trains stop for periods varying from 5 minutes to 20 minutes for technical purposes. Panvel also handles crew and locomotive change for long distance passenger / freight trains.
There are two main bus stands in Panvel - ST stand on the national highway & NMMT stand near railway station. The ST buses are available from Panvel to Thane, Kalyan, Dombivli, Badlapur, Dadar, Uran as well as beyond city. NMMT buses are available from Panvel to Thane and Vashi.
|NMMT||24||New Panvel Bus Stn to Thane Rly Stn (Cidco)|
|NMMT||50||Kopar Khairane Bus Stn to Panvel Rly Stn|
|NMMT||58||Vashi Bus Stn to Khopoli|