The original album cover features a photo of the Swedish version (Stridsvagn 104) of the British Centurion tank. The 2008 reissue of the album featured a Panzer VI E "Tiger" on its cover, reinforcing the Germanic WWII theme of the album.
The internal sleeve pictures a tank column triumphant across a city in ruin: this is the Red Army across a destroyed Berlin in 1945.
The concept of World War II in literally every track initially led many proponents of National Socialist black metal to consider the band akin to them, notwithstanding the fact that vocalist Legion and guitarist/composer Morgan publicly debunked this rumor, saying that Marduk has no political point in their lyrics, and the band has nothing to do with Nazi views. Panzer Division Marduk earned a lot of backlash from National Socialist black metal bands.