Panzer

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For other uses, see Panzer (disambiguation).
Two Panzer IIIs during the Battle of Greece, April 1941

Panzer /ˈpænzər/ (German pronunciation: [ˈpantsɐ]) is a German language word that means either tank (the military vehicle) or armour. It is occasionally used in English and some other languages as a loanword in the contexts of German military.

Use[edit]

It is commonly used in the proper names of military formations (Panzerdivision, ‘panzer division’, 4th Panzer Army, etc.), and in the proper names of tanks, such as Panzer IV, etc.

Origin[edit]

The dated German term is Panzerkampfwagen, ‘tank’ or literally ‘armoured combat vehicle’ (the modern synonym is Kampfpanzer, or just Panzer). The first German tank, the A7V of 1918, was referred to as Sturmpanzerwagen (roughly, "armoured assault vehicle").

The German word Panzer refers to any kind of body armour, as in Plattenpanzer, ‘plate armour’, Kettenpanzer, ‘mail’, or generally gepanzert, ‘armoured’. The word also refers to an animal's protective shell or thick hide, as in Schildkrötenpanzer, ‘turtle shell'. It derives through the French pancier, ‘breastplate’, from Latin pantex, ‘belly, paunch’,[1] and is possibly related to panus, ‘swelling’.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harper, Douglas. "panzer". Online Etymology Dictionary. 
  2. ^ Harper, Douglas. "paunch". Online Etymology Dictionary.