Paola, Kansas

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Paola, Kansas
City
Downtown Paola, 2009
Downtown Paola, 2009
Location of Paola, Kansas
Location of Paola, Kansas
Detailed map of Paola, Kansas
Detailed map of Paola, Kansas
Coordinates: 38°34′25″N 94°52′24″W / 38.57361°N 94.87333°W / 38.57361; -94.87333Coordinates: 38°34′25″N 94°52′24″W / 38.57361°N 94.87333°W / 38.57361; -94.87333
Country United States
State Kansas
County Miami
Government
Area[1]
 • Total 5.32 sq mi (13.78 km2)
 • Land 4.90 sq mi (12.69 km2)
 • Water 0.42 sq mi (1.09 km2)
Elevation 915 ft (279 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,602
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 5,550
 • Density 1,143.3/sq mi (441.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66071
Area code(s) 913
FIPS code 20-54250[4]
GNIS feature ID 0479745[5]
Website www.CityOfPaola.com

Paola /pˈlə/ is a city in and the county seat of Miami County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,602.[7]

History[edit]

Paola City Hall, 2009

Native Americans, then Spanish explorers such as Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in 1541, and French missionary explorers in 1673 lived and traveled throughout the area of what is now Paola. Despite these early European incursions at the start of the 19th-century the area was largely controlled by the Osage people.

Settlement of the area primarily occurred however when Kaskaskia, Peoria, Wea, and Piankeshaw tribes were forced to move to the area between 1827 and 1832.[8] These formed the Confederated Allied Tribe which was led by Baptiste Peoria who was of both French and Indian ethnicity. They called their settlement Peoria Village.[9]

By the 1840s, Euro-American settlers were moving into the area, and several missionaries lived in and near "Peoria Village". One of those missionaries was an Italian priest who moved to the area in 1852. The priest, Father Paul D. Ponziglione, was credited with renaming Peoria Village to Paola, after a small town on the coast of Calabria, Italy. The Peoria Indians of the area continued to call it Paola, because they had great respect for Father Ponziglione.[8]

By 1854 there was a large number of settlers who moved to the settlement and a town plat was laid out by 1855. In 1855, the First Territorial Legislature passed an act that incorporated the Paola Town Company. The Paola Town Company and specifically its member Baptiste Peoria with his wife Mary Ann Isaacs are credited as being influential in the founding and development of Paola through the mid-1860s.[9]

During the Civil War a military post was established on the west side of Bull Creek, just west of Paola. At times troops were inside Paola itself. Paola was barely spared an attack on August 21, 1863, by Confederate guerrilla William C. Quantrill during Quantrill's retreat after raiding Lawrence. Paola was 10 miles (16 km) west of the retreat of Confederate Maj. Gen. Sterling Price's force on October 24, 1864, while he was retreating toward Indian Territory. Paola's post was deactivated in August or September 1865.[10]

Following Kansas' admission to the Union in 1861, and after the Civil War pressure to move the Native American tribes increased, and they were exiled to Oklahoma by 1868. Some individuals stayed and became citizens of the United States, however, their leader Baptiste Peoria left Paola with the tribe. From the late 1860s and through the 1870s, Paola grew and progressed, building its first school, jail, and bank.

The railroad came to serve Paola in 1870, which also aided its progress through this time.[8] Following the discovery of natural gas in 1882, Paola became the first town west of the Mississippi River to use it commercially and have the town illuminated using natural gas lanterns. In 1898 the Miami County Courthouse was built, designed by architect George Washburn. Several homes and buildings were designed by Washburn, including the Paola Park's gazebo and the Paola Free Library. Martha Smith had the Paola Library building constructed in honor of her husband John, a wine maker. It was completed in 1906 and the Paola Park Square's Victorian-style gazebo is from 1913. The library, courthouse, gazebo, and several homes are among those still in use today.[9]

In 1912, James Patterson moved to Paola to establish his winter quarters for his travelling circus, the Patterson Circus. The circus continued until 1927. A wall mural based on a 1924 circus pamphlet, is at 106 W. Peoria. The Patterson's home still stands in Paola in the 600 block of north Mulberry, as the only remaining structure from the circus winter headquarters.[11]

Paola Park Square[edit]

Paola Park Square's Gazebo

Paola's town square has much historical significance, beginning with the Indian tribes who once lived in the area and used it as their primary gathering place.[9] Prior to their exile to Oklahoma, Indian leader Baptiste Peoria gave this area to the Paola Town Company (of which he was a member) as a treaty of peace. The Paola Town Company later gave the square to the City of Paola, with the provision that no building be built on it. This provision has been honored to this day.[8] In 1867, the original gazebo was put on the square, and was a bandstand. In the 1800s the square was used as a track for racing horses in addition to serving as a central point for parades, celebrations, and other community events. In 1913, a new Victorian-style gazebo was built, designed by George Washburn. Today, the Paola Park Square is still honored as the center of the downtown area, and remains a central meeting and gathering place during various community events each year. The 1913 gazebo is still used, a common place for events such as weddings. Next to the gazebo are two replicas of the Wellsbach gas street lanterns that once illuminated Paola. Also near the gazebo in the Paola Square is a bust of Paola founders Baptiste Peoria and his wife, Mary Ann Isaacs Dagenet. It is the only known monument in the United States featuring a Native American and his wife. A fountain in the center of the square was also added for people to enjoy.[9]

Community[edit]

Paola is the largest city in Miami County, and is the county seat. Paola offers residents and visitors several choices for shopping, entertainment, and recreation. Annually, Paola hosts the Miami County Fair in July, the Roots Festival in August and the Harvest Festival in October. There is also a Christmas tree lighting ceremony, arrival of Santa, and carriage rides throughout the historic streets shortly after Thanksgiving. Also available is water recreation and camping at Lake Miola, a contemporary Aquatic Center in Wallace Park, the Swan River Museum, and the Miami County Historical and Genealogical Society, and a variety of events held at the Paola Community Center.[9]

Area events[edit]

Geography[edit]

Paola is located at 38°34′25″N 94°52′24″W / 38.57361°N 94.87333°W / 38.57361; -94.87333 (38.573599, -94.873456)[12]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.32 square miles (13.78 km2), of which 4.90 square miles (12.69 km2) is land and 0.42 square miles (1.09 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Paola has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 4,698
2000 5,011 6.7%
2010 5,602 11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
Aerial view of Paola, Kansas

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,602 people, 2,173 households, and 1,407 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,143.3 inhabitants per square mile (441.4 /km2). There were 2,344 housing units at an average density of 478.4 per square mile (184.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 2.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 2,173 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the city was 35.5 years. 28.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,011 people, 1,927 households, and 1,244 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,229.9 people per square mile (475.4/km²). There were 2,009 housing units at an average density of 493.1 per square mile (190.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.43% White, 3.55% African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.08% of the population.

There were 1,927 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,285, and the median income for a family was $50,804. Males had a median income of $36,209 versus $22,392 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,191. About 4.4% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Fort Scott Community College campus in Paola
  • USD 368 offers education to children in grades K-12 with some education opportunities for adults as well.
    • Cottonwood Elementary (grades K-2)
    • Sunflower Elementary (grades 3-5)
    • Hillsdale Elementary (grades K-5) (closed)[14]
    • Paola Middle School (grades 6-8)
    • Paola High School (grades 9-12)
    • Paola Adult Education Center[15]
  • Holy Trinity Catholic School is a private school offering education for grades kindergarten through eight.
  • Fort Scott Community College is a community college with a satellite campus in Paola.[8]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Paola History". Paola Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Miami County 2009 Visitors Guide", pages 13-15
  10. ^ See the Paola's post article for complete references.
  11. ^ "The Patterson Circus". Miami County Historical Museum. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ Climate Summary for Paola, Kansas
  14. ^ KC, Fox4. "Fox 4 KC Paola School Closure". Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "Paola USD #368". Paola USD # 368. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
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