Paonta Sahib

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Paonta Sahib पांवटा साहिब (पांवटा साहिब) (ਪਾਂਉਟਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is a small industrial town in the south of Sirmour district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. National Highway 72 goes through this town. It is an important religious spot for Sikhs. Major industries are cement production (Cement Corporation of India, Rajban), power generation and renewable energy, pharmaceuticals (Ranbaxy Pvt Ltd, Mankind Pharma, Zee Laboratories Limited), textiles (Malwa cotton and spinning mills of Oswal group), chemicals and food.

The city has a large Gurdwara, named Gurdwara Paonta Sahib, on the banks of the river Yamuna. The river is the boundary between the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

History[edit]

The Gurudwara Paonta Sahib has linkages to the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh and the Sikh leader Banda Bahadur. Its original name was Paontika. "Paon" in Hindi means feet and "tika" in Hindi means became stable. It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh and his horse stopped at this place and he decided to stay here. He wrote many Sikh religious books here and then went to Anandpur Sahib to establish the Khalsa Panth. The Gurudwara also houses a museum which contains a lot of antiques and weapons used by Guru Gobind Singh during his stay.

Paonta Sahib as seen from Baba Bhure Shah's Dargah on the Uttarakhand Himachal border.

Geography[edit]

Paonta Sahib is located at 30°27′N 77°37′E / 30.45°N 77.62°E / 30.45; 77.62.[1] It has an average elevation of 389 metres (1,276 feet). It is on the bank of the river Yamuna, the river being the boundary between the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. It is situated near the towns of Nahan in Himachal Pradesh, Yamunanagar in Haryana, Saharanpur in Western Uttar Pradesh and Dehradun in Uttarakhand. It is on the western extreme of the Doon Valley a distance of about 44 k.m from Dehradun. Kalesar National Park is 12 km from Paonta Sahib.

Inside the Gurudwara Paonta Sahib, Paonta Sahib, dist. Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh.
Writers' Festival – India 2006 in Gurudwara Paonta Sahib

Climate[edit]

Paonta Sahib has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate characterised by a seasonal rhythm, hot summers, slightly cold winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (0 °C to 40 °C). In winters, frost sometimes occurs during December and January. It also receives occasional winter rains from the western disturbance.

Average temperatures

  • Summer: Temperature in summers may rise high to maximum of 44 °C. Temperature generally remains

35 °C to 40 °C.

  • Autumn: In Autumn, temperature may go to high to maximum 36 °C. Temperature usually remains between 16 °C to 27 °C in autumn. Lowest temperature may go to 13 °C.
  • Winter: Winters are quite cool. However, it may sometimes gets chilly. Average temperature in winters (November to February) remains at (max) 7 °C to 15 °C and (min) 0 °C to 5 °C.
  • Spring: Climate remains quite pleasant in spring season. Temperature remains (max) 16 °C to 25 °C and (min) 9 °C to 18 °C.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Paonta Sahib had a population of 19,087. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Paonta Sahib has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 72%. In Paonta Sahib, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Paonta Sahib is a municipal council which has 11 wards. This council looks after the development of the city, maintenance of roads, streets, cleanliness etc. The election takes place every five years to elect ward members & Chairman.

Education[edit]

Schools In Paonta Sahib

  • Guru Nanak Mission Public School
  • The Scholar's Home
  • D.A.V Sirmour Sr. Sec School
  • Doon Valley School
  • Hill View Public School, Majra
  • Bibi Jeet Kaur School
  • Kid's Paradise

References[edit]

External links[edit]