Papakura

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This article is about the Papakura suburb itself . For the territorial authority that no longer exists, see Papakura District.
Papakura
Basic information
Local authority Auckland City
Electoral ward Manurewa-Papakura Ward
Date established 1943
Population 28,010 (2009)
Facilities
Train station(s) Papakura Train Station
Hospitals(s) Counties Care, Papakura Private Practice
Surrounds
North Takanini
Northeast Ardmore
East Red Hill
Southeast Opaheke
South Drury
Southwest Pahurehure, Rosehill
West (Towards Manukau Harbour)
Northwest Wattle Downs

Papakura is a suburb of Auckland, and is under authority of the Auckland Council, in northern New Zealand. It is located on the shores of the Pahurehure Inlet, approximately 32 kilometres south of Auckland CBD.

Papakura is a Māori word believed to have originated from papa, meaning earth or flat (abbreviation of Papatuanuku) and kura meaning red, reflecting the rich, fertile soil upon which the community was founded.

History[edit]

An old highway, the Great South Road, runs through Papakura, forming its main street. The road was constructed during the New Zealand Wars to transport supplies to the Waikato campaign. It was guarded by armed constabulary and was a designated military road.

During the major reformation of local government in 1989, Papakura became a district. Prior to that time, a smaller area was known as Papakura City, which was a small city of New Zealand, but the new district included parts of the surrounding rural countryside that had previously been part of Manukau City. After the major change “Papakura City” went to “Papakura District”, and instead of being an independent city, the area was amalgamated, including it into the Auckland Region. The whole district counts as part of the Auckland urban area for statistical purposes, forming part of its southern boundary.

From October 2010, after a review of the Royal Commission on Auckland Governance, the entire Auckland Region was amalgamated into a single city authority. As well as the Papakura District, other territorial authorities such as North Shore City, Rodney District, Waitakere City, Auckland City, Manukau City, and the Franklin District were abolished and the entire area was dissolved into a single Auckland city council. The suburb of Papakura and other suburbs of the Papakura District are now in the Manurewa-Papakura Ward of the Auckland Council.

Military Camp[edit]

The Papakura Military Camp was established on the outskirts of the town in 1939 and remains an important army base for New Zealand.[1] Built by the Stevenson family it incorporates the New Zealand SAS training area.[2] In the early 2000s some land was set aside for new housing developments.

Education[edit]

The following schools are located in Papakura (schools in Rosehill, Takanini, and Opaheke are excluded):

Primary education[edit]

  • Papakura Normal School is a coeducational full primary school with the state system. It has a decile rating of 3.
  • Papakura Central School is a coeducational full state primary school with a decile rating of 5.
  • Papakura South School is a coeducational full state primary school. It has a decile rating of 1.
  • Kelvin Road School is a coeducational state contributing primary school.It has a decile rating of 1.
  • Edmund Hillary School is a coeducational state full primary school.It has a decile rating of 1.
  • Cosgrove School is a coeducational state contributing primary school.It has a decile rating of 2.
  • St Mary's School is a state integrated coeducational school. It has a decile rating of 4.
  • Park Estate Primary is a state integrated coeducational contributing to Rosehill Intermediate and on to Rosehill College

Intermediate education[edit]

Secondary education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Facilities[edit]

Government[edit]

In addition to the Local Council Chambers, Papakura is served by a large Police Department; one of Auckland's busiest stations, a District Courthouse, and a WINZ office. In 2004, the Papakura Courthouse acted as the Supreme Court for Pitcairn Island.

Armed Forces[edit]

Papakura once served a large military population, but now only the SAS special forces are based at Papakura.[3] Nearby houses were originally Army Homes, but are now in private hands.

Transport[edit]

Overview of Papakura Train Station, viewed from Clevedon Road

Auckland's southern motorway and the North Island Main Trunk Railway run through the Papakura District. Train and bus services provide the bulk of public transport, with frequent trains on the Southern Line between Papakura and the CBD (Britomart). Recent investment has focused on upgrading and refurbishing the region's trains and suburban railway stations, most recently with the opening of a modern station facility at the town centre. Papakura is the final stop for most southbound public transport in Auckland, and Papakura is the third busiest station on the rail network. Drawn by frequent services into and out of the city, rail commuters come from Papakura itself, Franklin County and the northern Waikato. Though the motorway and Great South Road flow relatively freely at peak times, road commuters are affected by the acute traffic congestion as they get closer to metropolitan Auckland.

Sport and Recreation[edit]

Some notable sports facilities include an indoor-outdoor swimming pool, an international-quality athletics track, a sports stadium, and venues for rugby, netball, cricket, golf, tennis, badminton, soccer, and many other sports. The council also operates a library and a theatre. Papakura also has a number of skate parks, and a skate bowl.

Papakura is home to association football club Papakura City, who compete in the Lotto Sport Italia NRFL Division 2, rugby union club Papakura RFC, and rugby league club Papakura Sea Eagles, who compete in the Auckland Rugby League's Fox Memorial competition (division 1).

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/auckland-places/page-17
  2. ^ http://www.stevenson.co.nz/corporate/our_history.php
  3. ^ "Forces and Locations". New Zealand Defence Force. Retrieved 2006-08-19. 

Coordinates: 37°3′45″S 174°56′31″E / 37.06250°S 174.94194°E / -37.06250; 174.94194