Papal conclave, 1362

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Papal conclave
September–October 1362
Sede vacante.svg
Coat of arms during the vacancy of the Holy See
Dates and location
22 September – 28 October 1362
Palais des Papes, Avignon
Key officials
Dean Élie de Talleyrand-Périgord
Sub-Dean Guy de Boulogne
Protopriest Hugues Roger
Protodeacon Guillaume de la Jugie
Election
Candidates Hugues Roger, Raymond di Canillac
Elected Pope
William de Grimoard
(Name taken: Urban V)
Urban V.gif

The papal conclave, 1362 elected William Grimoard as Pope Urban V to succeed Pope Innocent VI in the Palais des Papes of Avignon, continuing the Avignon Papacy.

Balloting[edit]

Twenty cardinals entered the conclave on September 22, divided roughly into the factions of the French and Gascon cardinals (the latter being subjects of the King of England, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine).[1] Eleven[2] or twelve[3] of the twenty cardinals were Limousin, including three cardinal-nephews of Innocent VI and six of Pope Clement VI.

After six days, the cardinals agreed upon the election of Hugues Roger, a cardinal-nephew of Clement VI, who refused the election in no uncertain terms (unlike many popes who made a show of "refusing" only to accept soon afterwards).[4] Thereafter, cardinal Raymond di Canillac emerged as papabile but was unable to receive the requisite supermajority.[5]

It became clear that none among the cardinals could receive a supermajority, and thus discussion shifted to names outside the College.[3] Disagreements continued until October 28, when the cardinals agreed on non-cardinal William Grimoard, the legate to the Kingdom of Naples, at the time residing in Florence.[4] Fearing that Italians wishing to return the papacy to Rome would detain Grimoard, the French cardinals sent word to him that they wished to consult with him, rather than informing him of his election.[4] It took five weeks for Grimoard to reach Avignon, where he was crowned as Urban V.[3]

Upon his election, Urban V did temporarily return the papacy to Rome on October 16, 1367, but returned to Avignon three years later on August 26, 1370 before he died in December of that year.[6]

List of participants[edit]

Twenty out of twenty one cardinals participated in the conclave:[7]

  • Guy de Boulogne (20 September 1342) – Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina; commendatario of S. Cecilia and S. Crisogono; Subdean of the Sacred College of Cardinals
  • Andouin Aubert (15 February 1353) – Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia e Velletri
  • Pierre Itier (17 September 1361) – Cardinal-Priest of SS. IV Coronati
  • Nicolas de Besse (27 February 1344) – Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata
  • Etienne Aubert (17 September 1361) – Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro

One cardinal was absent in Italy:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Trollope, 1876, p. 98.
  2. ^ Emerton, 1917, pp. 152-153.
  3. ^ a b c Baumgartner, 2003, p. 54.
  4. ^ a b c Trollope, 1876, p. 99.
  5. ^ Darras et al., 1869, p. 515.
  6. ^ Trollope, 1876, p. 100.
  7. ^ Source: K. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 1913, p. 20 n. 4

References[edit]