Papal election, 1185

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The papal election of November 25, 1185 was a papal election convoked after the death of Pope Lucius III. It resulted in the election of Cardinal Uberto Crivelli of Milan, who took the name of Urban III.

List of participants[edit]

There were probably 26 cardinals in the Sacred College at the death of Lucius III.[1] Basing on the countersigning of the papal bulls between November 11 and December 16, 1185[2] the list of his electors is reconstructed as follows:

Elector Place of birth Cardinalatial title Elevated Elevator Notes
Konrad von Wittelsbach Bavaria Bishop of Sabina and Archbishop of Mainz December 18, 1165 Alexander III Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals
Teodino de Arrone Arrone Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina December 18, 1165 Aleksander III
Henri de Marsiac, O.Cist. Château de Marcy, France Bishop of Albano March 1179 Aleksander III
Thibaud, O.S.B.Cluny France Bishop of Ostia e Velletri 1184 Lucius III
Alberto di Morra, Can.Reg.Praem. Benevento Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina and Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church December 21, 1156 Adrian IV Protopriest; future Pope Gregory VIII (1187)
Giovanni Conti da Anagni Anagni Priest of S. Marco 1158/1159 Adrian IV Future bishop of Palestrina (1190-1196)
Laborante de Panormo Pontormo near Florence Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere September 21, 1173 Alexander III
Uberto Crivelli Milan Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso and Archbishop of Milan December 18, 1182 Lucius III Elected Pope Urban III
Pandolfo Lucca Priest of SS. XII Apostoli December 18, 1182 Lucius III
Albino, C.R.S.F. Gaeta (?) Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme December 18, 1182 Lucius III Future bishop of Albano (1189-1197)
Melior le Maitre, O.S.B.Vall. Pisa Priest of SS. Giovanni e Paolo March 16, 1185 Lucius III Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church
Adelardo Cattaneo Verona Priest of S. Marcello March 16, 1185 Lucius III Future bishop of Verona (1188-1214)
Ardicio Rivoltella Rivoltella near Cremona Deacon of S. Teodoro December 21, 1156 Adrian IV
Graziano da Pisa Pisa Deacon of SS. Cosma e Damiano March 4, 1178 Alexander III
Soffredo Pistoia Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata December 18, 1182 Lucius III
Pietro Diana Piacenza Deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere March 16, 1185 Lucius III
Radulf Nigellus probably France Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro March 16, 1185 Lucius III
Rolando Pisa Deacon of S. Maria in Portico March 16, 1185 Lucius III Former bishop-elect of Dol (1177-1185)

Ten electors were created by Pope Lucius III, five by Pope Alexander III and two by Pope Adrian IV.

Absentee cardinals[edit]

Elector Place of birth Cardinalatial title Elevated Elevator Notes
Paolo Scolari Rome Bishop of Palestrina September 21, 1179 Alexander III Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian Basilica; future Pope Clement III (1187-1191)
Pietro de Bono, C.R.S.M.R. Rome Priest of S. Susanna March 18, 1166 Alexander III
Ruggiero di San Severino San Severino Priest of S. Eusebio and Archbishop of Benevento Ca. 1178/80 Alexander III External cardinal
Guillaume aux Blanches Mains France Priest of S. Sabina and Archbishop of Reims March 1179 Alexander III Minister of State of the Kingdom of France; external cardinal
Giacinto Bobone Orsini Rome Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin December 22, 1144 Lucius II Protodeacon; future Pope Celestine III (1191-1198)
Bobo Rome Deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria December 18, 1182 Lucius III Future bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1189-1190)
Ottaviano di Paoli Rome Deacon of SS. Sergio e Bacco December 18, 1182 Lucius III Future bishop of Ostia e Velletri (1189-1206)
Gerardo Lucca Deacon of S. Adriano December 18, 1182 Lucius III Papal Vicar of Rome; Cardinal-nephew (?) of Lucius III

Four absentees were created by Alexander III, three by Lucius III, one by Adrian IV and one by Pope Lucius II.

Death of Lucius III and the election of Pope Urban III[edit]

Pope Lucius III died at Verona on November 25, 1185 at very advanced age. On that same day, eighteen cardinals present on his deathbed started proceedings to elect his successor. Majority of them came from Northern Italy and formed a radically anti-imperial faction, while more moderate cardinals (mostly Romans) were absent.[3] In such circumstances, Northern Italian cardinals quickly secured the election of their candidate Uberto Crivelli of Milan. He was unanimously elected within a few hours after the death of Lucius III, and took the name of Urban III.[3] He was crowned at Verona on December 1, 1185. After his election to the papacy, he retained the administration of the metropolitan see of Milan.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ I.S. Robinson, p. 44 and 86
  2. ^ Jaffé Philipp, Regesta..., p. 431-432, 492-493.
  3. ^ a b I.S.Robinson, p. 86
  4. ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope Urban III

Sources[edit]

  • Jaffé, Philipp (1888). Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. vol. II. Leipzig. 
  • Kartusch, Elfriede (1948). Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181–1227. Wien. 
  • Robinson, Ian Stuart (1990). The Papacy, 1073–1198: Continuity and Innovation. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521264987.