Papal election, 1216

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Papal election of July 18, 1216 – papal election convoked after the death of Pope Innocent III in Perugia (July 16, 1216), elected Cardinal Cencio Camerario,[1] who took the name of Honorius III.

List of participants[edit]

There were 25 cardinals in the College of Cardinals in July 1216, including 23 curial cardinals and two "external cardinals", who did not reside in the papal curia[2] It is known that 17 of them participated in the election:[3]

Elector Cardinalatial title Elevated Elevator Other ecclesiastical titles Notes
Nicola de Romanis Bishop of Frascati December 18, 1204 Innocent III Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals
Ugolino di Segni Bishop of Ostia e Velletri December 19, 1198 Innocent III Committee member; cardinal-nephew; future Pope Gregory IX
Guido Papareschi Bishop of Palestrina September 22, 1190 Clement III Committee member
Pelagio Galvani Bishop of Albano ca. 1206/1207 Innocent III
Cinzio Cenci Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina September 22, 1190 Clement III Protopriest
Cencio Priest of SS. Giovanni e Paolo February 20, 1193 Celestine III Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals Elected Pope Honorius III; possibly of Savelli family
Giovanni Colonna di Carbognano Deacon of SS. Cosma e Damiano May 27, 1206 Innocent III
Gregorio Gualgano Priest of S. Anastasia May 27, 1206 Innocent III
Robert Curson Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio May 19, 1212 Innocent III
Peter of Benevento Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso May 19, 1212 Innocent III His name is often erroneously listed as Pierre Duacensis[4]
Stefano di Ceccano, O.Cist. Priest of SS. XII Apostoli April 13, 1213 Innocent III Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church
Tommaso da Capua Priest of S. Sabina March 5, 1216 Innocent III Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church
Guido Pierleone Deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano December 18, 1204 Innocent III Protodeacon; Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican Basilica
Ottaviano dei conti di Segni Deacon of SS. Sergio e Bacco May 27, 1206 Innocent III Cardinal-nephew
Gregorio Crescenzi Deacon of S. Teodoro March 5, 1216 Innocent III
Romano Bonaventura Deacon of S. Maria in Portico March 5, 1216 Innocent III
Stefano de Normandis dei Conti Deacon of S. Adriano March 5, 1216 Innocent III Cardinal-nephew

Absentee cardinals[edit]

Eight cardinals, including six curial and two "external cardinals", were absent:

Elector Cardinalatial title Elevated Elevator Notes
Benedetto Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina June 3, 1200 Innocent III
Ruggiero di San Severino Cardinal Priest of S. Eusebio ca. 1178/80 Alexander III Archbishop of Benevento 1179-1221 ("external" cardinal)
Leone Brancaleone, C.R.S.F. Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme June 3, 1200 Innocent III Papal legate in Lombardy
Guala Bicchieri Priest of SS. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti December 18, 1204 Innocent III Papal legate in England
Stephen Langton S.R.E. cardinalis May 27, 1206 Innocent III Archbishop of Canterbury 1207-1228; resigned this titulus S,. Crisogono after episcopal consecration in 1207; "external" cardinal
Pietro Sasso Priest of S. Pudenziana May 27, 1206 Innocent III Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian Basilica; papal legate in Germany
Bertrannus Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro May 19, 1212 Innocent III
Rainiero Capocci, O.Cist. Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin March 5, 1216 Innocent III Papal legate in Lombardy

Election of Pope Honorius III[edit]

The cardinals assembled in Perugia two days after the death of Innocent III. They deliberated in the enclousure,[5] though it is not certain whether volunatarily or under pressure of the local authorities.[6] They decided to elect the new Pope by compromissum, it means, not by the whole Sacred College, but by the committee of few of them, empowered by the rest to appoint the new Pontiff. This time the committee included only two cardinal-bishops: Ugolino of Ostia and Guido of Palestrina.[7] On that same day, they elected Cardinal Cencio, called Camerario, aged 68, who accepted his election and took the name of Honorius III.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The older sources refer him as member of Savelli family but modern scholars reject it [1]
  2. ^ The reconstruction of the Sacred College in July 1216 is based on W. Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, Wien 1984. Maleczek has rectified the earlier reconstructions made by Alphonso Ciacconio in his Vitae et res gestae Pontificum Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalium (1677) and Conrad Eubel in his Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi (1913), which are the main sources for the lists in both electronic accounts listed below.
  3. ^ W. Maleczek, op.cit., p. 357
  4. ^ Pierre Duacensis and Peter of Benevento were actually different persons; Duacensis was never promoted to the cardinalate. See an article by John Wei, TWO LETTERS OF HONORIUS III TO CATALONIA, p. 84-85 note 6
  5. ^ For this reason, an account on Vatican History considers this election the "first papal conclave"
  6. ^ Ambrogio Piazzoni, Historia wyboru papieży, Wyd. M, Kraków 2003, p. 181-182
  7. ^ Vatican history

Sources[edit]

  • Werner Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, Wien 1984
  • Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volumen I, 1913