Papal election, 1227

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Papal election of March 19, 1227papal election convoked after the death of Pope Honorius III at Rome (March 18, 1227).

The cardinals present at Rome assembled in Septizodium on the next day after the death of Honorius III and decided to elect the new Pope by compromissum, it means not by the whole Sacred College of Cardinals but by the committee of few of them, empowered by the rest to appoint the new Pontiff. The same procedure had been already used in the previous election. The committee numbered three cardinals, among whom were cardinal-bishops Ugolino di Segni of Ostia and Konrad von Urach of Porto (the name of the third one is not registered). Initially the committee elected its member Konrad von Urach with two votes out three, but he refused the tiara. Hereupon the rest of cardinals unanimously elected Ugolino di Segni (another committee member) on March 19, 1227. He reluctantly accepted the high honour, taking the name of Gregory IX.[1]

The new Pope received the pallium in the Vatican Basilica on March 21, 1227, and on the same day was enthroned in the Lateran Basilica. On April 11, 1227, his relative Ottaviano Conti di Segni, archdeacon of the Sacred College, solemnly crowned him in the Basilica di S. Maria in Maggiore.[2]

List of participants[edit]

Probably 15 out of 18 cardinals participated in the election:[3]

Elector Cardinalatial title Elevated Elevator Other ecclesiastical titles Notes
Ugolino di Segni Bishop of Ostia e Velletri December 19, 1198 Innocent III Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals Cardinal-nephew; elected Pope Gregory IX
Pelagio Galvani Bishop of Albano ca. 1206/1207 Innocent III
Nicola de Chiaramonte, O.Cist. Bishop of Frascati January 6, 1219 Honorius III
Konrad von Urach, O.Cist. Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina January 6, 1219 Honorius III Elected Pope but declined
Oliver von Paderborn Bishop of Sabina September 1225 Honorius III
Guido Pierleoni Bishop of Palestrina December 18, 1204 Innocent III Archpriest of the Vatican Basilica
Guala Bicchieri, C.R.S.P. Priest of SS. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti December 18, 1204 Innocent III Protopriest
Stefano di Ceccano, O.Cist. Priest of SS. XII Apostoli May 19, 1212 Innocent III
Tommaso da Capua Priest of S. Sabina March 5, 1216 Innocent III Grand penitentiary
Ottaviano dei Conti di Segni Deacon of SS. Sergio e Bacco May 27, 1206 Innocent III Protodeacon Cardinal-nephew
Rainiero Capocci, O.Cist. Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin March 5, 1216 Innocent III
Stefano de Normandis dei Conti Deacon of S. Adriano March 5, 1216 Innocent III Cardinal-nephew
Gregorio Crescenzi Deacon of S. Teodoro March 5, 1216 Innocent III
Gil Torres Deacon of SS. Cosma e Damiano February 18, 1217 Honorius III
Pietro Caputo Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro 1219 Honorius III

Absentee cardinal[edit]

Probably three cardinals were absent:

Elector Cardinalatial title Elevated Elevator Notes
Stephen Langton S.R.E. cardinalis May 27, 1206 Innocent III Archbishop of Canterbury 1207-1228; resigned his titulus S. Crisogono after receiving episcopal consecration in 1207; external cardinal
Giovanni Colonna di Carbognano Priest of S. Prassede May 27, 1206 Innocent III Rector of Spoleto
Romano Bonaventura Deacon of S. Maria in Portico March 5, 1216 Innocent III Papal Legate in the southern France

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope Gregory IX; and Gaetano Moroni, vol. XXXII p. 257 and vol. LXXXV, p. 261. Timo Bandhold, p. 9, says that only Konrad von Urach is known to have been a committee member and the rest two members of that body are unknown
  2. ^ Salvador Miranda: Cardinal Ugolino dei conti di Segni (Pope Gregory IX)
  3. ^ The reconstruction is based on: Vatican History: Konklave 1227; F. Bourkle-Young: notes to the papal election of 1227 on The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church (by S. Miranda); and K. Eubel, p. 5 n. 5, but with corrections based on the biographical entries of the respective cardinals in Werner Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, Vienna 1984 and Elfriede Kartusch, Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181-1227, Univ. of Vienna 1948.

Sources[edit]

Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volumen I, 1913

F. Bourkle-Young: notes to the papal election of 1227

Vatican history

The Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope Gregory IX

Werner Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, Wien 1984

Timo Bandhold, Die Wahl Papst Gregors IX., 2007, ISBN 3-638-81022-4

Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni Vol. XXXII and vol. LXXXV, Tipografia Emiliana, Venezia, 1840 - 1861