Papamoa has 16km of white sandy beach stretching from the boundary with Mount Maunganui in the west to the Kaituna River in the east. Widespread settlement of the area did not start until the early 1980s and prior to this Papamoa had been largely a rural area. The town has been one of the fastest growing areas in New Zealand in recent times due to the increase in popularity of coastal communities, close proximity to Tauranga and local shopping developments. Once a small and tight knit community, many of Papamoa's sweeping paddocks have been swallowed up by urban development and Real Estate prices have also skyrocketed in recent times.
Papamoa is also renowned for its fishing, surfing and the Papamoa Hills Cultural Heritage Regional Park. As a surfing spot, the area is underrated and has often been seen as the 'poor cousin' to Mount Maunganui.
In 2012, Papamoa Beach was the location for a skinny dipping world record attempt. On 2 December 2012, 299 people got naked in the water as the nearby Baywatch campsite in Gisborne hosted the event. Despite a cold day, lots of people stripped naked attempting to beat Christchurch's Summer Beach Dip. The record failed as Guinness World Records required all swimmers to be in the water at the same time for a group photo. The skinny dips follow a recent court decision upholding the right to be naked in public for innocent reasons.
The town has increased in population by over 800% since 1981, mostly thanks to new subdivisions developed on rural land. Papamoa used to be under serviced in shopping terms relative to its population; however, the expansion of the Palm Beach Plaza and Fashion Island shopping centres in recent years has created a popular town centre. With the opening of the Domain Road/State Highway 2 roundabout, travel times to Mount Maunganui and Tauranga have been reduced. The $455m Tauranga Eastern Link and associated interchanges due to be completed in 2016 will further reduce travel times to Tauranga, Rotorua and Whakatane.
The town of "Papamoa" as we know it today is actually situated at "Papamoa Beach." Strictly geographically speaking, "Papamoa" is actually located closer inland towards the Papamoa Hills. Papamoa (situated at Papamoa Beach) can be split into two areas: Papamoa East and Papamoa West. Legally speaking Domain Road separates Papamoa West from Papamoa East, although to many locals Papamoa East starts on the Eastern side of Parton Road. Papamoa East (of Parton Road) in the 1970s and 1980s used to be seen as more of an alternative place to live, a bit like the Coromandel Peninsula.
Papamoa has five schools.
- Golden Sands School is a state contributing primary (Year 1–6) school, and has 339 students as of October 2014. The school opened in February 2011.
- Papamoa College is a state Year 7–13 secondary school, and has 841 students as of October 2014. The school opened in February 2011.
- Papamoa School is a state contributing primary (Year 1–6) school, and has 511 students as of October 2014.
- Tahatai Coast School is a state full primary (Year 1–6) school, and has 648 students as of October 2014. The school opened in 1996.
- Te Akau ki Papamoa Primary School is a state contributing primary (Year 1–6) school, and has 536 students as of October 2014. The school opened in 2000 as a full primary (Year 1–8) school; Years 7 and 8 were removed when Papamoa College opened in 2011.
Public Transport in Papamoa solely consists of bus services. The suburb is served by three 'Bay Hopper' routes; Route 30 (Mount Maunganui - Papamoa), Route 33 (Tauranga - Papamoa via the Harbour Bridge), and Route 36 (Tauranga - Papamoa via Maungatapu Bridge). All three routes operate seven days a week, with Route 30 running hourly and Routes 33 and 36 both running half-hourly on week-days and hourly during weekends.  All three routes follow the same route through Papamoa, with the only exception being that Route 30 serves an additional stop within the Palm Beach Plaza car park. Within Papamoa there are bus stops on Range Road, Evans Road, Gravatt Road, Palm Beach Plaza, Domain Road, Doncaster Drive, Opal Drive, Dickson Road, Parton Road, Papamoa Beach Road, and Kawera Parade.
- Gillespie, Kiri (3 December 2012). "Skinny dippers brave chill in record attempt". Bay of Plenty Times.
- "Directory of Schools - as at 5 November 2014". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2014-12-06.
- Papamoa Anglican Mission
- Changepoint Papamoa
- Church of the Open Door (Papamoa Baptist)
- Evans Rd Community Church
- Tauranga City Council
- Bay of Plenty Regional Council
- Papamoa Community Centre (rooms for hire)
- Papamoa Library
- Golden Sands School
- Papamoa Primary School
- Te Akau ki Papamoa School
- Papamoa College
- Tahatai Coast School