Papercutting

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Chinese papercutting, in a style that is practically identical to the original 6th century form

Papercutting is the art of cutting paper designs. The art has evolved uniquely all over the world to adopt to different cultural styles.

History[edit]

The oldest surviving paper cut out is a symmetrical circle from the 6th century Six Dynasties period found in Xinjiang China.[1][2] Papercutting continued to be practiced during the Song and Tang Dynasties as a popular form of decorative art.[2] By the eighth or ninth century papercutting appeared in West Asia and in Turkey in the 16th century. Within a century, papercutting was being done in most of middle Europe.

Chinese[edit]

Jianzhi (剪紙), is a traditional style of papercutting in China. Jianzhi has been practiced in China since at least the 6th century A.D. Jianzhi has a number of distinct uses in Chinese culture, almost all of which are for health, prosperity or decorative purposes. Red is the most commonly used color. Jianzhi cuttings often have a heavy emphasis on Chinese characters symbolizing the Chinese zodiac animals.

Although paper cutting is popular around the globe, only the Chinese paper cut was listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists, which was in 2009.[3] The Chinese paper-cutting was recognized and listed because it has a history of more than 1500 years and it represents cultural values of the people throughout China.

Modern paper cutting has developed into a commercial industry. Papercutting remains popular in contemporary China, especially during special events like the Chinese New Year or weddings.[4]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian traditional art influenced by China art in some part in Indonesia. Batik is an Indonesian traditional art and paper cutting can be combined perfectly; the intricate details which is batik uniqueness is the most beautiful part in Indonesia paper cutting which displayed in double glasses frame. The artist may choose only simple frame profile to expose the intricate detail of Batik.

Filipino[edit]

Paper cutting decorating the Filipino parol

Several Philippine crafts employ paper cutting. During Filipino Christmas, the parol (a traditional star-shaped lantern) is embellished with coloured paper cut into various forms such as floral designs on the faces, pom-pons and "tails" on the points of the star.

There is also the art of pabalát (wrapper), where coloured paper is meticulously cut with small scissors and used to sheathe pastillas de leche (carabao milk pastilles) and other traditional sweets. Paper cutting is also involved in the creation of banderitas (bunting) that feature prominently in fiesta décor; these may be elaborate or plain-cut paper squares and triangles strung over streets.

Indian[edit]

Sanjhi is the Indian art of paper cutting. The cut paper is usually placed on the floor and colors are filled in to make Rangoli.

Japanese[edit]

The Japanese Kirigami style

Kiri-e (切り絵?) is the Japanese art of paper cutting, while Kirigami, also called Monkiri, involves cutting and folding paper.

Jewish/Israeli[edit]

Mizrah papercut, Eastern Europe, 19th century

Papercutting has been a common Jewish art form since the Middle Ages, connected with various customs and ceremonies, and associated with holidays and family life. Paper cuts often decorated ketubot (marriage contracts), Mizrahs, and for ornaments on festive occasions. A story tells of Rabbi Shem-Tov ben Yitzhak ben Ardutiel, finding that his ink had frozen, continued to write the manuscript by cutting the letters into the paper. By about the 17th century, papercutting had become a popular form for small religious artifacts such as Mizrachs and Shavuot decorations. In the 20th century, the art of Jewish papercutting was revived in Israel. Today it is most commonly used for mizrachs and ketubot.

Mexican[edit]

Papel picado is the Mexican art of paper cutting. Tissue paper is cut into intricate designs with scissors or small, sharp chisels; this technique is frequently used to produce decorative banners.

Swedish[edit]

Christmas is when flowers of cut and manipulated paper, fringed candy holders called crackers,[5] and Ljuskrona which are covered with cut paper, are found in Swedish and Swedish-American homes.

Switzerland[edit]

There is a Swiss tradition of paper-cutting, especially in the Pays-d'Enhaut.

Other[edit]

Silhouette can refer to the art of cutting outlines or portraits out of black paper. Modern-day papercutters typically follow one or more of the "traditional" styles listed above, while others have begun to expand the art into new styles, motifs, and designs. Contemporary papercutting is also sometimes associated with the art of stenciling, itself being derived from techniques used in graffiti art. The use of hand-cut stencils in graffiti art has received international attention in recent years due in part to the artist Banksy.

Notable papercut artists[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Needham, Joseph. Chemistry and Chemical Technology. [1974] (1974). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-08690-6
  2. ^ a b Michael Sullivan; Franklin D. Murphy (1996). Art and Artists of Twentieth-Century China.. University of California Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-520-07556-6. 
  3. ^ "Chinese paper-cut". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Paper Cutting". Folklore: An Encyclopedia of Beliefs, Customs, Tales, Music, and Art. ABC-CLIO. 2011. p. 285. ISBN 978-1-59884-241-8. 
  5. ^ Astrim, Catarina Lundgren,. Swedish Christmas in America. ISBN 978-9178431779. 

See also[edit]