Faboideae

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Faboideae
Crotalaria.jpg
Crotalaria retusa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribes[1][2][3]
Faboideae distribution.svg
Distribution of the Faboideae.
Synonyms
  • Aspalathaceae Martynov
  • Astragalaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Ciceraceae W. Steele
  • Coronillaceae Martynov
  • Cytisaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Dalbergiaceae Martinov
  • Daleaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Galedupaceae Martynov
  • Geoffroeaceae Martius
  • Hedysaraceae Oken
  • Inocarpaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Lathyraceae Burnett
  • Lotaceae Oken
  • Papilionatae
  • Papilionaceae Giseke
  • Phaseolaceae Martius
  • Robiniaceae Vest
  • Sophoraceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Tamarindaceae Martinov
  • Trifoliaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Viciaceae Oken

The Faboideae are a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. An acceptable alternative name for the subfamily is Papilionoideae, or Papilionaceae when this group of plants is treated as a family.[4]

This subfamily is widely distributed, and members are adapted to a wide variety of environments. Faboideae may be trees, shrubs, or herbaceous plants. Members include the pea, the sweet pea, and the laburnum. The flowers are classically pea-shaped, and root nodulation is very common.

Genera[edit]

The type genus, Faba, is a synonym of Vicia, and is listed here as Vicia.

Systematics[edit]

Modern molecular phylogenetics recommend a clade-based classification of Faboideae as a superior alternative to the traditional tribal classification of Polhill:[5][17][18][19]

Faboideae (Papilionoideae)
ADA clade

Angylocalyceae




Dipterygeae



Amburaneae





Swartzieae

Swartzioids



Atelioids





Cladrastis clade


Meso-Papilionoideae
(=50-Kb inversion clade)

Exostyleae


Genistoids

Ormosieae




Brongniartieae



Leptolobieae


Core genistoids

Camoensieae




Sophoreae




Podalyrieae




Crotalarieae



Genisteae










Vataireoids



Andira clade


Dalbergioids
Amorpheae

Amorphoids



Daleoids



Dalbergieae

Adesmia clade



Dalbergia clade



Pterocarpus clade





Old World clade

Baphieae


NPAAA clade


Hypocalypteae



Mirbelioids






Indigofereae


Millettioids (=phaseoloids, MPA clade)

Barbierieae





Abreae




Millettieae



Diocleae






Kennediinae clade



Desmodieae




Cajaninae clade




Erythrininae clade




Psoraleeae



Phaseolinae clade









Hologalegina (=galegoids)
Robinioids


Sesbanieae



Robinieae




Loteae



IRLC


Hedysareae



Astragaleae




Fabeae











Note: Minor branches have been omitted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2003): Germplasm Resources Information NetworkFaboideae. Version of 2003-JAN-17. Retrieved 2010-AUG-07.
  2. ^ "Faboideae at UniProt". Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  3. ^ "Systema Naturae 2000". Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  4. ^ McNeill, J.; Barrie, F.R.; Burdet, H.M. et al., eds. (2006), International code of botanical nomenclature (Vienna Code) adopted by the seventeenth International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, July 2005 (electronic ed.), Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy, retrieved 2011-02-20  , Article 19.7
  5. ^ a b Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M. (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Delgado-Salinas A, Thulin M, Pasquet R, Weeden N, Lavin M. (2011). "Vigna (Leguminosae) sensu lato: the names and identities of the American segregate genera". Am J Bot 98 (10): 1694–715. doi:10.3732/ajb.1100069. PMID 21980163. 
  7. ^ a b Boatwright JS, Tilney PM, Van Wyk B-E. (2009). "The generic concept of Lebeckia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): reinstatement of the genus Calobota and the new genus Wiborgiella". S Afr J Bot 75 (3): 546–556. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.06.001. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Boatwright JS, Wink M, van Wyk B-E. (2011). "The generic concept of Lotononis (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): Reinstatement of the genera Euchlora, Leobordea and Listia and the new genus Ezoloba". Taxon 60 (1): 161–77. 
  9. ^ Torke BM, Schaal BA. (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of the species-rich neotropical genus Swartzia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) and related genera of the swartzioid clade". Am J Bot 95 (2): 215–228. doi:10.3732/ajb.95.2.215. 
  10. ^ a b Cardoso D, de Lima HC, Rodrigues RS, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, Lavin M. (2012). "The Bowdichia clade of Genistoid legumes: Phylogenetic analysis of combined molecular and morphological data and a recircumscription of Diplotropis". Taxon 61 (5): 1074–1087. 
  11. ^ Hughes CE, Lewis GP, Daza Yomona A, Reynel C. (2004). "Maraniona. A New Dalbergioid Legume Genus (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) from Peru". Syst Bot 29 (2): 366–374. doi:10.1600/036364404774195557. 
  12. ^ Cardoso D, de Lima HC, de Queiroz, LP. (2013). "Staminodianthus, a new neotropical Genistoid legume genus segregated from Diplotropis". Phytotaxa 110 (1): 1–16. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.110.1.1. 
  13. ^ Lewis GP, Wood JRI, Lavin M. (2012). "Steinbachiella (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Dalbergieae), endemic to Bolivia, is reinstated as an accepted genus". Kew Bull 67 (4): 789–796. doi:10.1007/s12225-012-9415-z. 
  14. ^ de Queiroz LP, Lewis GP, Wojciechowski MF. (2010). "Tabaroa, a new genus of Leguminosae tribe Brongniartieae from Brazil". Kew Bull 65 (2): 189–203. doi:10.1007/s12225-010-9202-7. JSTOR 23216080. 
  15. ^ Ireland HE (2007). "Taxonomic changes in the South American genus Bocoa (Leguminosae–Swartzieae): Reinstatement of the name Trischidium, and a synopsis of both genera". Kew Bull 62 (2): 333–350. JSTOR 20443359. 
  16. ^ Thulin M, Lavin M. (2001). "Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Ormocarpum Group (Fabaceae): A New Genus Zygocarpum from the Horn of Africa Region". Syst Bot 26 (2): 299–317. JSTOR 2666709. 
  17. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wykd B-E, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M. (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  18. ^ Wojciechowskie MF. (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017. 
  19. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades". Taxon 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. 

External links[edit]