Papirovka

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Papirovka
Malus Klarapfel.jpg
Hybrid parentage Chance seedling
Origin Eastern Europe

Papirovka (Polish: Papierówka) is a cold-resistant early-ripening apple (Malus domestica) cultivar grown across Eastern Europe and the Baltics. Along with Antonovka and others, it is one of five cultivars that comprise half of the apple production in the former USSR,[1][2] and is one of the most popular early-spring varieties in Poland. It is prone to bruising, so it needs careful handling and storage.[3][4][5]

Papirovka apples have also been called early Paper apples or Polish paper apples.[6] Some sources consider the papirovka to be identical to the White Transparent, but in Russia the two cultivars are considered distinct.[7] Compared to the White Transparent, Papirovka apples are larger, more sour, and without any blush in their yellow-white color.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, John Ellwood (2003), Biology of apples and pears, Cambridge University Press, p. 29, ISBN 978-0-521-38018-8 .
  2. ^ Way, R. D.; Aldwinckle, H. S.; Lamb, R. C.; Rejman, A.; Sansavini, S.; Shen, T.; Watkins, R.; Westwood, M. N.; Yoshida, Y., "Apples (Malus)", Genetic Resources of Temperate Fruit and Nut Crops, ISHS Acta Horticulturae 290, pp. 3–46 .
  3. ^ Jabłoń OLIWKA ŻÓŁTA (PAPIERÓWKA), www.dzialka-ogrod.pl, 2010
  4. ^ Papierówka (Oliwka Inflacka), 2010 rolnicy.com
  5. ^ Piotr Gach, Jabłoń domowa (Malus domestica), drzewa.nk4.netmark.pl
  6. ^ Niemetz, Javalav (1892), "The newest Russian importation", The Canadian Horticulturist (Fruit Growers Association of Ontario) 15: 126 .
  7. ^ Morgan, Joan; Richards, Alison (2002), The New Book of Apples: The Definitive Guide to Apples, Including Over 2,000 Varieties, Ebury, p. 250 .
  8. ^ Сорта яблони Белый налив и Папировка (apple varieties white transparent and papirovka), Г. Казанин (in Russian), accessed 2011-08-24.