|Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust|
The hospital's front entrance.
|Location||Papworth Everard, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Affiliated university||University of Cambridge Medical School|
|Emergency department||No Accident & Emergency|
|Speciality||Cardiothoracic surgery including transplantation; cardiology; respiratory medicine|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
The hospital was founded in 1917 as a sanatorium and hospital for the treatment of tuberculosis. From the 1950s, surgical facilities developed, beginning with thoracic (chest/lung) surgery and expanding to cardiac surgery. Today, Papworth is the UK's main heart/lung transplant centre.
Original historical documents relating to Papworth Hospital, the Village Settlement and the TB colony are today held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Cambridge.
The Papworth site has two main building complexes: the main building (providing cardiology and all surgical services, together with the intensive care unit) and the Chest Medical Unit (providing respiratory medicine services). Subspecialities include:
Those based in the Chest Medical Unit:
- the Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre, providing services for patients with sleep disorders (including common disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea and less common ones such as narcolepsy) and those with ventilatory failure (from conditions such as COPD or neuromuscular disorders including motor neuron disease and poliomyelitis). The service provides non-invasive ventilation and also accepts referrals from other intensive care units to wean patients from invasive ventilation;
- the pulmonary hypertension (PH) service (Papworth is one of the four UK Pulmonary Hypertension centres and the only one providing pulmonary thromboendarterectomy);
- the adult cystic fibrosis service;
- the Lung Defense service, for patients with recurrent lung infection, including those with bronchiectasis and immunodeficiency;
- the thoracic oncology (lung cancer) service;
- the ataxia telangiectasia service;
- services for patients with pulmonary fibrosis, vasculitis, and rare diseases including Wegener's granulomatosis and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.
Those based in the main building:
- cardiac surgery, including heart transplantation, coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve surgery, and pulmonary thromboendarterectomy;
- thoracic surgery, including lung cancer resection and lung transplantation;
- cardiology, including coronary angiography and coronary angioplasty, plus facilities for cardiac electrophysiology and catheter ablation, pacemaker insertion, implantable cardiac defibrillator, transcatheter structural heart procedures such as valve implantation
- intensive care services.
Suspension of transplants
On 2 November 2007 it was announced that Papworth Hospital would suspend heart transplant activities while an investigation was undertaken into an unexplained rise in recipient mortality rates.
The plans to move the hospital onto the Cambridge Biomedical Campus next to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, had been agreed. The move was expected to be completed in 2017. However, an intervention by the Treasury in February 2014 meant that these plans had to be put on hold, and raised the possibility that some or all of its services may be moved to to Peterborough City Hospital. This has raised concerns due to financial problems at that hospital.
- Papworth halts heart transplants, BBC News Online, 2007-11-02, retrieved 2007-11-02
- Heart hospital gets the all-clear, BBC News Online, 2007-11-19, retrieved 2007-11-19
- Papworth heart and lung specialist hospital to move, BBC News Online, 2013-12-03, retrieved 2014-02-14
- Papworth hospital's future in doubt after Treasury intervention, The Guardian, 2014-02-14, retrieved 2014-02-14
- Reuters (24 December 2011). "Surgery sidelines Prince Philip". The Gazette (Montreal). Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- Peter Hunt (24 December 2011), Prince Philip has heart procedure at Papworth Hospital, BBC, retrieved 24 December 2011
- Papworth Hospital website
- Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre microsite
- Papworth Direct microsite
- The Papworth Hospital Charity website
- The Papworth Hospital Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care website
- Papworth Clinic website for the Papworth's Private Patients' Centre