Papyrus 20

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Papyrus \mathfrak{P}20
New Testament manuscript
Papyrus 20 (Jc 1 vers).jpeg
Name P. Oxy. 1171
Text Epistle of James 2-3 †
Date 3rd century
Script Greek
Found Egypt
Now at Princeton University Library
Cite B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), pp. 9-11
Size 11.5 by 4.5 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I

Papyrus 20 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by \mathfrak{P}20, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, but it only contains Chapter 2:19-3:9. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the early 3rd century.[1]


The original size of the leaves was 17 by 12 cm.

The text is neatly written in upright semi-cursive letters. The main Nomina Sacra are used, but πατηρ/pater/father and ανθρωπος/anthropos/man are written out in full.[2]

The Greek text of this codex is representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[1] This manuscript shows the greatest agreement with Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus,[3] but not with codices Ephraemi, Regius and other late Alexandrian manuscripts.[2]

Philip Comfort has conjectured that the scribe who wrote \mathfrak{P}20 was also the same scribe who wrote \mathfrak{P}27, where the Greek letters α, β, δ, ε, λ, ι, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, ψ, υ, φ, ω are formed identically in both manuscripts.[3]

It is currently housed at the Princeton University Library (AM 4117) in Princeton.[1][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  2. ^ a b B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), p. 9.
  3. ^ a b Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9. 
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt