Papyrus 28

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New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Papyrus \mathfrak{P}^{28}
John 6:8-12
John 6:8-12
Name P. Oxy. 1596
Text John 6 †
Date 3rd century
Script Greek
Found Oxyrhynchus, Egypt
Now at Pacific School of Religion
Cite B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri XIII, (London 1919), pp. 8-10
Size 10 cm by 5 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
Hand semi-uncial
Note close to א

Papyrus 28 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 𝔓28, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of John, it contains only one leaf with the text of the Gospel of John 6:8-12.17-22. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the late 3rd century.[1]

Description[edit]

The text is written in medium sized semi-uncial.[2] It is a single leaf, written in 12 lines per page (originally 25 lines). It uses the nomina sacra, but incomplete. The handwriting is quite similar to P. Oxy. 1358. Originally it had 13 cm by 20 cm.[1] Text is written in 25 lines per page.[2]

Text[edit]

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I. According to Aland it represents a "normal text".[3] This manuscript displays a closest agreement with 𝔓75 (in 7 out of 10 variants).[1] According to Grenfell and Hunt it is closer to Vaticanus than to Sinaiticus. Only in one case it supports Codex Alexandrinus against Sinaiticus and Vaticanus (John 6:11).[2] Grenfell and Hunt noted that text is not "very correctly spelled". It has five unique readings. In John 6:10 it has πεντακισ]χιλειοι, ελεβεν instead of ελαβεν, in 6:19 ενγυς instead of εγγυς, in 6:20 φοβεισθαι instead of φοβεισθε, in 6:22 ιδεν instead of ειδεν.[4]

History[edit]

The manuscript was found together with 3rd-4th century documents.[2]

It is currently housed at the Pacific School of Religion (Pap. 2) in Berkeley.[3][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9. 
  2. ^ a b c d B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri XIII, (London 1919), p. 8.
  3. ^ a b Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  4. ^ Peter M. Head, The Habits of New Testament Copyists Singular Readings in the Early Fragmentary Papyri of John, Biblica 85 (2004), p. 406.
  5. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt