Papyrus 4

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Papyrus 4
New Testament manuscript
Luke 6:4-16
Luke 6:4-16
Sign \mathfrak{P}4
Text Luke 1-6 (extensive parts of,)
Date Late 2nd/3rd century
Script Greek
Found Coptos, Egypt
Now at Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Suppl. Gr. 1120
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I

Papyrus 4 (\mathfrak{P}4, part of Suppl. Gr. 1120) is an early New Testament papyri of the Gospel of Luke in Greek. It is dated as being a late 2nd/early 3rd century manuscript.


It is one of the earliest manuscripts (along with P75)[1] of the Gospel of Luke and contains extensive sections of its first six chapters.[2] It is currently housed in the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Suppl. Gr. 1120) in Paris.

It contains texts of Luke: 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1; 2:6-7; 3:8-4:2; 4:29-32, 34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16

The Greek text-type of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian. Aland placed it in Category I.[3] There is agreement with Papyrus 75 in 93%.[4]

Notable readings

In Luke 6:2 — οὐκ ἔξεστιν (not lawful) for οὐκ ἔξεστιν ποιεῖν (not lawful to do); the reading is supported only by Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, (Codex Bezae), Codex Nitriensis, 700, lat, copsa, copbo, arm, geo;[5]

P4 was used as stuffing for the binding of "a codex of Philo, written in the later third century and found in a jar which had been walled up in a house at Coptos [in 250]."[6]

Philip Comfort and David Barret in their book Text of the Earliest NT Greek Manuscripts argue that P4 came from the same codex as P64/67, the Magdalen papyrus, and date the texts to 150-175.[7] Willker tentatively agrees stating 'The [3rd century] dating given is that of NA. Some date it into the 2nd CE (e.g. Roberts and Comfort). This is quite probable considering the use as binding material for a 3rd CE codex'.[2] Comfort and Barret also show that \mathfrak{P}4 and P64+67 have affinities with a number of late 2nd century papyri.[8] Roberts (1979), Skeat (1997),[9] Willker[2] and Stanton[10] also date the text to the late 2nd century, leading Gregory to conclude that '[t]here is good reason to believe that P4 ... may have been written late in the 2nd century...'.[9] Most recently Charlesworth has concluded 'that P64+67 and P4, though written by the same scribe, are not from the same ... codex.'[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory (2003) p.28
  2. ^ a b c Willker
  3. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  4. ^ Philip W. Comfort, David P. Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, Tyndale House Publishers, Wheaton 1999, s. 43.
  5. ^ NA26, p. 170.
  6. ^ Roberts (1979) p. 8
  7. ^ Comfort (2001) pp. 50-53, see also Comfort (1999)
  8. ^ i.e. P. Oxy. 224, 661, 2334, 2404 2750, P. Ryl. 16, 547, and P. Vindob G 29784
  9. ^ a b Gregory (2003), p.30
  10. ^ Stanton (1997) p. 327
  11. ^ Charlesworth (2007), p.604


External links[edit]