Papyrus 72

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Papyrus 72
New Testament manuscript
Two sides of the Papyrus Bodmer VIII
Two sides of the Papyrus Bodmer VIII
Name Papyrus Bodmer VII-IX
Sign \mathfrak{P}72
Text Jude, 1 Peter, 2 Peter
Date 3rd/4th century
Script Greek
Now at Cologny/Geneva; Vatican City, Bibl. Bodmeriana; Bibl. Vaticana
Size 14.5 by 16 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
Hand documentary hand
Note resembles \mathfrak{P}50

Papyrus 72 (\mathfrak{P}72, Papyrus Bodmer VII-IX) is an early New Testament papyrus. It contains all the text of 1 Peter, 2 Peter, and Jude. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 3rd or 4th century.[1]


It is the earliest known manuscript of these epistles', though a few verses of Jude are in a fragment \mathfrak{P}78 (P. Oxy. 2684).[2]

The manuscript also contains the following works: Nativity of Mary, the apocryphal correspondence of Paul to the Corinthians, the eleventh ode of Solomon, Melito's Homily on the Passover, a fragment of a hymn, the Apology of Phileas, and Psalm 33 and 34.[3] Written on 72 leaves (14.5 cm, by 16 cm), in 16-20 lines per page. The manuscript is written by a documentary hand.[3]

The manuscript contains the usual nomina sacra for Messiah, Jesus, God, Lord, Spirit, Father, plus a few non-standard ones: ΔΥΜΙ (power), Σαρρα (Sarah), Αβρααμ (Abraham), Νωε (Noah), Μιχαης (Archangel Michael), and Ενωχ (Enoch).

A facsimile edition of Bodmer Papyrus VIII was published in 2007 by Testimonio Compañía Editorial.[4]

Papyrus Bodmer VII-IX


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. According to Aland in 1-2 Peter it has normal text, in Jude free text, both with certain peculiarities. Aland placed it into I Category.[1] It is close to the Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus.[3]

\mathfrak{P}72 is currently housed at the Vatican Library (P. Bodmer VIII) at Rome.[1][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  2. ^ Wasserman (2005), p. 137
  3. ^ a b c Philip W. Comfort and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001, p. 479.
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 27 August 2011. 

Further reading[edit]