Papyrus 75

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New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Papyrus 75
Papyrus 75a.gif
Name P. Bodmer XIV-XV
Sign \mathfrak{P}75
Text Luke 3:18-24:53 + John 1-15 (extensive portions of,)
Date 175-225
Script Greek
Found Pabau, Egypt
Now at Vatican Library, Rome
Cite V. Martin, R. Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV
Size 26 cm x 13 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
Note very close to P66, B, 0162

Papyrus 75 (\mathfrak{P}75, Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV) is an early Greek New Testament papyrus.

Description[edit]

Originally '[it] contained about 144 pages ... of which 102 have survived, either in whole or in part.'[1] It 'contains about half the text of ... two Gospels'[2]Luke (Papyrus Bodmer XIV) and John (Papyrus Bodmer XV) in Greek. It is dated in Nestle-Aland (27th edition, NA27) as being an early third century manuscript. It is one of the earliest manuscripts (along with \mathfrak{P}4)[3] of the Gospel of Luke. 'The surviving fragment contains Luke 3:18-24:53 ...'[3][4] An unusual feature of this codex is that when the Gospel of Luke ends, the Gospel of John begins on the same page.[5]

It lacks text of Christ's agony at Gethsemane (Luke 22:43–44)[6] and Pericope Adulterae.

It uses a staurogram in Luke 14:27.

Text[edit]

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category I.[7] The text is closer to Codex Vaticanus than to Codex Sinaiticus. Agreement between \mathfrak{P}75 and codex B is 92% in John,[8] and 94% in Luke.[9] It concurs with \mathfrak{P}111.[10]

According to Kurt Aland, \mathfrak{P}75 is the key for understanding the primitive textual history of New Testament.[11]

In Luke 8:21 it reads αυτον instead of αυτους; the reading is supported by Minuscule 705 and Codex Veronensis.[12]

Textual variants[edit]

In Luke 11:4, the phrase αλλα ρυσαι ημας απο του πονηρου (but deliver us from evil) is omitted. The omission of this phrase is also supported by the following manuscripts: Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, Codex Regius, f1, 700, vg, syrs, copsa, bo, arm, geo.[13]

In Luke 16:19 the manuscript reads Ανθρωπος δε τις ην πλουσιος, ονοματι Ν[ιν]ευης, και ενεδιδυσκετο "There was a rich man, with the name N[in]eue, who clothed himself",[14] This reading has support from the Sahidic version and the two Greek minuscule manuscripts 36 and 37, in addition to a scholion of uncertain date have ευρον δε τινες και του πλουσιου εν τισιν αντιγραφοις τουνομα Νινευης λεγομενον.[15]

Luke 22:43-44 is omitted, as in codices א*, A, B, T, 1071.[16]

In Luke 23:34, \mathfrak{P}75 has omitted the words: "And Jesus said: Father forgive them, they know not what they do." This omission is supported by the manuscripts Sinaiticusa, B, D*, W, Θ, 0124, 1241, ita, d, syrs, copsa, copbo.[17]

Luke 24:26

δοξαν – majority of mss
βασιλειαν – \mathfrak{P}75[18]

John 10:7

η θυρα (door) – majority
ο ποιμην (shepherd) – \mathfrak{P}75 copsa copac[19]

The manuscript also lacks the Pericope of the Adulteress, usually placed in Translations at John 7:53-8:11. This omission is supported by the manuscripts Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus and \mathfrak{P}66.

The manuscript is currently housed at the Vatican Library (P. Bodmer XIV-XV) at Rome.[20]

The discovery of \mathfrak{P}75 has had a profound effect on New Testament textual criticism, due to its great agreement with Codex Vaticanus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Metzger+Ehrman (2005),p.58
  2. ^ Bodmer Papyrus 14-15 arrives at the Vatican
  3. ^ a b Gregory (2003) p.28
  4. ^ Wilker
  5. ^ Edwards (1976), p. 194
  6. ^ Nestle, Eberhard et Erwin; communiter ediderunt: B. et K. Aland, J. Karavidopoulos, C. M. Martini, B. M. Metzger (2001). Novum Testamentum Graece (27 ed.). Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft. p. 235. ISBN 978-3-438-05100-4. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ S. A. Edwards, P75 Under the Magnifying Glass, Novum Testamentum, XVIII, fasc. 3, pp. 211-212.
  9. ^ Gordon D. Fee, \mathfrak{P}75, \mathfrak{P}66, and Origen: The Myth of Early Textual Recension in Alexandria, in: E. J. Epp & G. D. Fee, Studies in the Theory & Method of NT Textual Criticism, Wm. Eerdmans (1993), pp. 247-273.
  10. ^ Philip W. Comfort, Encountering the Manuscripts. An Introduction to New Testament Paleography & Textual Criticism, Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2005, p. 76.
  11. ^ Reconsidering \mathfrak{P}75 in the Frame of a Various Egyptian Tradition
  12. ^ NA26, p. 181
  13. ^ UBS3, p. 256.
  14. ^ Philip Comfort, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts (2001), p. 551.
  15. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission and Limitations, Clarendon Press: Oxford 1977, p. 136.
  16. ^ UBS3, p. 305.
  17. ^ UBS4, p. 311.
  18. ^ NA26, p. 244
  19. ^ NA26, p. 282
  20. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 27 August 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • V. Martin, R. Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV: Evangiles de Luc et Jean, Vol. 1, Papyrus Bodmer XIV: Evangile de Luc chap. 3-24; vol. 2, Papyrus Bodmer XV: Evangile de Jean chap. 1-15, Cologny-Geneva: Biblioteca Bodmeriana, 1961.
  • Gregory, A. The Reception of Luke and Acts in the Period Before Irenaeus, Mohr Siebeck, (2003) ISBN 3-16-148086-4, p. 28
  • Metzger, Bruce Manning; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The text of the New Testament: its transmission, corruption, and restoration. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 58–9. ISBN 978-0-19-516122-9. 
  • Aland, Kurt (2009). "Neue Neutestamentliche Papyri III". New Testament Studies 22 (04): 375–96. doi:10.1017/S0028688500010080. 
  • Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. pp. 501–608. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9. 

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