Papyrus Boulaq 18

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The Papyrus Boulaq 18 is an Ancient Egyptian document found in 1860 AD in the tomb of the scribe of the great enclosure Neferhotep. It is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

It contains an account of the Theban palace dating to the 13th Dynasty (around 1750 BC). The papyrus lists the palace officials and the rations they received day by day. Important officials mentioned are, for example, the vizier Ankhu, but also the queen Aya. Therefore the document is of great historical importance. It also reports the journey of the king to the temple at Medamud and reports the arrival of a delegation of Nubians.

The exact dating of the document is disputed. The name of the king is heavily destroyed. Formerly scholars identified the pharaoh in question with Sobekhotep II but recent studies, in particular by Kim Ryholt, have led to the identification of the king as either Imyremeshaw or Sehetepkare Intef.[1]


  1. ^ K.S.B. Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, c.1800-1550 BC, Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, vol. 20. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997
  • A. Mariette: Les papyrus egyptiens du Musee de Boulaq vol. II, Paris 1872
  • A. Scharff: Ein Rechnungsbuch des königlichen Hofes aus der 13. Dynastie, In Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 57 (1922), S. 51-68, Tafeln 1**–24**