Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 144
Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 144 (P. Oxy. 144 or P. Oxy. I 144) is a receipt, written in Greek and discovered in Oxyrhynchus. The manuscript was written on papyrus in the form of a sheet. The document was written on 22 November 580. Currently it is housed in the Egyptian Museum (10017) in Cairo.
The document is an acknowledgement of the receipt of various sums of money which were to be taken to Alexandria. The document has been crossed out, showing that the contract had been fulfilled. The measurements of the fragment are 408 by 323 mm.
I have received from your magnificence through John your most distinguished banker for the revenues of the third installment of the thirteenth indiction 1440 gold solidi in pure coin and 720 solidi in independent (?) Egyptian coin  according to the standard of Alexandria, with 45 solidi to make up the deficiency in purity, total 2205 gold solidi. This sum I am prepared to take to Alexandria, apart from accidents sent by Heaven and dangers and mischances by river, and to pay it to John and Simeonius the most illustrious money-changers and to bring a written receipt from the most illustrious agent Theodorus to the effect that the aforesaid sum has been paid in full. For your security or that of the said most distinguished banker I have drawn up the present acknowledgement of deposit written with my own hand this 26th day of Athyr, 14th indiction.
- P. Oxy. 143 at the Oxyrhynchus Online
- Grenfell, B. P.; Hunt, A. S. (1898). Oxyrhynchus Papyri I. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. pp. 228–230.
- (ἐν ἀπολύτῳ Αἰγυπτίῳ χαράγματι) According to Grenfell and Hunt, Justinian, in edict. xi (see Corpus Juris Civilis) had tried to abolish the distinction between this kind of coin and pure gold. Gold ἐν ἀπολύτῳ Αἰγυπτίῳ χαράγματι appears to mean ordinary coin made to the standards of Alexandria, 24 of which were equivalent to 22.5 solidi of pure gold. This is a proportion of 16 to 15, but the equivalency used in this receipt, 45 solidi to make up the deficiency in 720 solidi, is less, being 17 to 16. Grenfell and Hunt speculate that the fact that this document was written significantly after Justinian's reign shows that his attempt to eliminate the distinction had failed.