Papyrus 13

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New Testament manuscripts
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Papyrus Papyri \mathfrak{P}13
Papyrus13.jpg
Name P. Oxyrhynchus 657
Text Hebrews 2:14-5:5; 10:8-22; 10:29-11:13; 11:28-12:17
Date 225-250
Script Greek
Found Oxyrhynchus, Egypt
Now at British Library/Medici Library
Cite Grenfell & Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri 4:36-48. (#657)
Size 12 columns of scroll; 23-27 lines/column;
pagination legible: 47-50, 61-65, 67-69.
Type Alexandrian, often agrees with Vaticanus; 80% with Papyrus 46
Category I
Note largest papyrus other than Chester Beatty collection

Papyrus 13, designated by siglum \mathfrak{P}13 or P13 in the Gregory-Aland numbering, is a fragmented manuscript of the New Testament in Greek. It was copied on papyrus in the 3rd century at approximately 225-250 CE.[1]

Description[edit]

Papyrus 13 was discovered by Bernard Grenfell and Arthur Hunt in Oxyrhynchus, Egypt. It is currently housed at the British Library (Inv. Nr. 1532) and Laurentian Library (PSI 1292).[2][3]

The surviving text is twelve columns, of 23 to 27 lines each, from a scroll. This is all from the Epistle to the Hebrews, namely 2:14-5:5; 10:8-22; 10:29-11:13; 11:28-12:17. Its presence of pagination 47-50 means that Hebrews was preceded by only one book in the original scroll, likely the Epistle to the Romans as in Papyrus 46.[1] It is the largest papyrus manuscript of the New Testament outside the Chester Beatty Papyri.

It was written on the back of a papyrus containing the Epitome of Livy and some scholars think the manuscript was possibly brought to Egypt by a Roman official and left behind when he left his post.[4]

It has errors of itacism (ι and ει, ε and αι, υ and οι).[5]

Text[edit]

Papyrus 13 is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland placed it in Category I.[2]

It bears strong textual affinity with Codex Vaticanus, and also has an 80% agreement with Papyrus 46. It has numerous distinctive readings.[2]

Papyrus 13 is written recto-verso, with the verso (back) containing Hebrews and the recto (front) containing part of Livy's History of Rome, dated to around 200 AD.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philip W Comfort and David P Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, (Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001), pp 83.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  3. ^ "Handschriftenliste". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Philip W Comfort and David P Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, (Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001), p. 85.
  5. ^ C. R. Gregory, Textkritik des Neuen Testaments III (Leipzig: 1909), p. 1091.
  6. ^ Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. pp. 83–92. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt