Paracatu, Minas Gerais

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Paracatu
Municipality
Município de Paracatu
Municipality of Paracatu
Localization of Paracatu in Minas Gerais
Localization of Paracatu in Minas Gerais
Paracatu is located in Brazil
Paracatu
Paracatu
Localization of Paracatu in Brazil
Coordinates: 17°13′19″S 46°52′30″W / 17.22194°S 46.87500°W / -17.22194; -46.87500
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira de Minas Gerais.svg Minas Gerais
Founded October 20, 1798
Government
 • Mayor Olavo Remígio Condé (PSDB)
(2013-2016)
Area
 • Total 8.229,588 km2 (3.177462 sq mi)
Elevation 688 m (2,257 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 84,718
 • Density 10.29/km2 (26.7/sq mi)
Demonym Paracatuense
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code (CEP) 38600-000
Area code(s) +55 38
Website www.paracatu.mg.gov.br

Paracatu is a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

History[edit]

Before the arrival of the Portuguese in the Americas, the central portion of Brazil was occupied by indigenous Macro-Ge linguistic branch, as acroás the xacriabás, the Xavante, the Kayapo, the Javaés, etc.

Paracatu since 1586, was known to Europeans first traveled through the city flag: Flag of Domingos Luis Grau. Subsequently, other successive flags passed through the region, such as Antonio Macedo (1590), Domingos Rodrigues (1596), Domingos Fernandes (1599) and Nicholas Baker (1602-1604). However the village actually came with the arrival of the flags of Philibert Brant Caldera and José Rodrigues Fróis with the discovery of abundant deposits of gold and silver despite a certain type of settlement, with the cycle of leather, have started earlier. So the Camp of St. Louis and St. Anne of the Paracatu Mine came.

The title of Villa Paracatu Prince was given by royal charter, Dona Maria, Queen of Portugal on October 20, 1798, meeting of the Overseas Council consultation. Belonged to the County of Rio das Velhas, headquartered in Sabara and was renamed Vila is the Paracatu Prince. The same license, was created in the village, the place of judge outsiders, civil, criminal and orphans "with wages and emoluments which wins the judge outside of Mariana."

By letter regia of March 4, 1799, "His Majesty has served to make the Mercy Bachelor José Gregorio de Moraes Navarro's place of Juiz de Fora" Villa Paracatu, taking this office on December 14, 1799. First City Council was sworn in December 18, 1799 and her belonged the sergeant-major councilors Manuel José de Oliveira Guimarães, Francisco Dias Duarte, Captain John Smith and the prosecutor Paranhos chamber Luis José de Carvalho.

In 1840 Paracatu is elevated to the city and becomes the head of the District of Paracatu (capital), which included in its territory today as cities such Uberlândia, Minas Triangle, and cities north of Minas.

According to Public File Miner Magazine, in 1800, the town had 17,450 inhabitants in total. Of these, 1 935 were whites, mulattos 6335 and 3637 were free blacks. There were still captives, 327 mulattoes and blacks 5216.

Paracatu is one of the historic towns of Minas Gerais. It has around its territory five Quilombo, which still preserve their culture, considered the richest in the state of Minas Gerais ones.

The town has been developed as a major tourist and cultural center, having been overthrown in 2010 by the Institute of National Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN), as Brazilian cultural heritage.

The economy[edit]

The economy is centered on cattle raising with 231,000 head (1996). The main breeds are: Zebu (Gir, Indu-Brasil, Guzerá and Nelore), Girolanda, Frisian and Brown-Swiss. There is also large production of soybeans, corn, rice, beans, and also some coffee. Paracatu is the commercial center for an area one third the size of Portugal. In 2006 there were 6 banking branches: Banco do Brasil, Itaú, Bradesco, Banco Mercantil, Banco Bamerindus, and Caixa Econômica Federal.[2] The GDP was R$ 754,090,000 (2005).[3]

In 1978 the municipality began to receive investments from the Brazilian and the Japanese government to develop the cerrado soils, through the PRODECER-Programa de Cooperação Nipo-Brasileiro para o Desenvolviemnto do Cerrado.

Because of new technologies used to develop the cerrado, agriculture in Paracatu became efficient and profitable in many properties. Nowadays, the cultivated area in the municipality surpasses 1000 square kilometres, with 300 square kilometres irrigated by central pivot sprinklers. This number has raised Paracatu to the position of greatest continuous area irrigated by center pivot irrigation in South America, using 318 center pivot sprinklers.[4]

Agricultural data[edit]

In 2006 there were 995 rural producers with total agricultural land of 389,095 ha. Of the total 85,000 ha. were planted, 180,000 ha. were in natural pasture, and 113,000 were in forest or woodland. Around 4,500 persons were employed in agriculture. There were 768 tractors. The planted area of some of the main crops in hectares was:

  • Corn: 12,000
  • Soybeans: 30,000
  • Sorghum: 2,000
  • Rice: 2,670
  • Coffee: 1,050
  • Cotton: 3,000
  • Sugarcane: 1,600
  • Beans: 9,100
  • Watermelon: 1,050 [3]

Mining[edit]

In Paracatu, gold has been mined since 1722. The Morro do Ouro (Paracatu) open-pit mine is operated by Rio Paracatu Mineração (RPM), a 100% owned subsidiary of the Canadian company Kinross Gold Corporation. The gold content of the ore is comparatively low, about 0.41 gram of gold for every ton of ore extracted. Annual production is about 15 tonnes of gold and 5 tonnes of silver.[5][6]

Quilombola population[edit]

Many quilombola (descendants of escaped slaves) communities live in and near Paracatu, often in poverty.[7][8]

Health and education[edit]

In 2005 there were 29 health establishments, 19 of which were public and 10 of which were private. There was 1 hospital with 139 beds.[3] The score on the Municipal Human Development Index was 0.760. This ranked Paracatu 207 out of 853 municipalities in the state, with Poços de Caldas in first place with 0.841 and Setubinha in last place with 0.568.[9]

Paracatu has 4 faculties with undergraduation and graduation courses: Faculdade Tecsoma, FINOM – Faculdade do Noroeste de Minas, Faculdade Unimontes, and Faculdade Atenas.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimativas das Populações Residentes, em 31.12.2010, Segundo os Municípios" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  2. ^ "Agências bancárias". Prefeitura Municipal Paracatu. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  3. ^ a b c "IBGE". IBGE. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  4. ^ "Prefeitura Municipal de Paracatu". Paracatu.mg.gov.br. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  5. ^ "Kinross: Operation: Paracatu Brazil". Kinross Gold Corporation. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  6. ^ Henderson, R. D. (July 31, 2006). "Paracatu Mine Technical Report". Kinross Gold Corporation. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  7. ^ Colitt, Raymond (July 4, 2007). "Descendants of slaves still suffer in Brazil". Reuters. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  8. ^ Pyl, Bianca (May 3, 2010). "Incra não cumpre meta e titula 2 territórios quilombolas em 2009". Repórter Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Frigoletto". Frigoletto. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  10. ^ "Cidades On Line – Paracatu". Paracatuonline.com.br. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 

External links[edit]